2015年12月14日 星期一

rebel, transgressor, Body Shaming, down with it, regroup, rebellion, rebelliousness.

"If there is one thing you will protest about in 2016, what will it be?"
We spoke to Maud who wants to see the back of Body Shaming in 2016:


May 26-June 1

Allies Target Qaddafi’s Ground Forces
Air Assault Expands as Libyan Rebels Regroup

 Isaiah 48:8 
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You have neither heard nor understood; from of old your ears have not been open. Well do I know how treacherous you are; you were called a rebel from birth.
King James 2000 Bible
Yea, you heard not; yea, you knew not; yea, from of old your ear was not opened: for I knew that you would deal very treacherously, and were called a transgressor from the womb.

(rē-grūp') pronunciation

v., -grouped, -group·ing, -groups. v.tr.
To arrange in a new grouping.

  1. To come back together in a tactical formation, as after a dispersal in a retreat.
  2. To reorganize for renewed effort, as after a temporary setback.

Urban Dictionary: body shaming

body shaming. Shaming someone for their body type. Sara: “ew hes too skinny” Jeff: “shes soooo fat it's disgusting” Mary: “she'd be pretty if she were skinnier”


The People's Poetry
ISBN13: 9780195314632ISBN10: 0195314638 Hardback, 256 pages
, In Stock


Slang, writes Michael Adams, is poetry on the down low, and sometimes lowdown poetry on the down low, but rarely, if ever, merely lowdown. It is the poetry of everyday speech, the people's poetry, and it deserves attention as language playing on the cusp of art.

In Slang: The People's Poetry , Adams covers this perennially interesting subject in a serious but highly engaging way, illuminating the fundamental question "What is Slang" and defending slang--and all forms of nonstandard English--as integral parts of the American language. Why is an expression like "bed head" lost in a lexical limbo, found neither in slang nor standard dictionaries? Why are snow-boarding terms such as "fakie," "goofy foot," "ollie" and "nollie" not considered slang? As he addresses these and other lexical curiosities, Adams reveals that slang is used in part to define groups, distinguishing those who are "down with it" from those who are "out of it." Slang is also a rebellion against the mainstream. It often irritates those who color within the lines--indeed, slang is meant to irritate, sometimes even to shock. But slang is also inventive language, both fun to make and fun to use. Rather than complain about slang as "bad" language, Adams urges us to celebrate slang's playful resistance to the commonplace and to see it as the expression of an innate human capacity, not only for language, but for poetry.
A passionate defense of slang, jargon, argot and other forms of nonstandard English, this marvelous volume is full of amusing and even astonishing examples of all sorts of slang. It will be a must for students of language and a joy for word lovers everywhere.

About the Author(s)

Michael Adams teaches English language and literature at Indiana University. He is the author of Slayer Slang: A Buffy the Vampire Slayer Lexicon and, with Anne Curzan, How English Works: A Linguistic Introduction . For several years, he was editor of Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America . He is currently editor of the journal American Speech .

If he is not the oldest living Chinese dissident, he is easily one of the most intellectually distinguished, the author of some 200 papers and editor of a half-dozen books. The historian H. Lyman Miller called him an “archetypal figure” in his book “Science and Dissent in Post-Mao China.” The adjective “venerable” seems to attach itself to him the way snow is attracted to the mountains, but he does not seem to have lost an ounce of rebelliousness.

down with
1. Ill with, as in He's down with the flu. The down here alludes to being felled by illness. Also see come down with.
2. Depose, do away with, as in Down with the king! This imperative dates from the early 1500s.
3. Lower or put something down, as in Down with the mainsail. [Mid-1600s]
4. be or get down with. Be close friends with, as in I'm down with that crowd. [Slang; late 1900s]


re • bel • lion
rebellions (複数形)
1 [U][C]反逆, 反乱, むほん((against ...))
the Great Rebellion
the Rebellion
raise a rebellion
put downcrush, suppress] a rebellion
rise up in rebellion against a ruler
2 [U](一般に)反抗
rebellion against one's father


re • bel • lious
1 反抗的な, 反体制の;反逆者の
a rebellious mind
rebellious troops
2 〈物・事が〉手に負えない;〈病気が〉治りにくい
a rebellious disease

Line breaks: rebel

Definition of rebel in English:


Pronunciation: /ˈrɛb(ə)l
1A person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or leader:Tory rebels[AS MODIFIER]: rebel forces
1.1A person who resists authority, control, orconvention.

VERB (rebelsrebellingrebelled)

Pronunciation: /rɪˈbɛl
[NO OBJECT]Back to top  
1Rise in opposition or armed resistance to anestablished government or leader:the Earl of Pembroke subsequently rebelled againstHenry III
1.1Resist authority, control, or convention:respect did not prevent children from rebelling against their parents
1.2Show or feel repugnance for or resistance to something:as I came over the hill my legs rebelled—I could walk no further


Middle English: from Old French rebelle (noun), rebeller(verb), from Latin rebellis (used originally with reference to a fresh declaration of war by the defeated), based onbellum 'war'.
  • The Latin word rebellis was originally used in reference to someone making a fresh declaration of war after being defeated. The root was bellum ‘war’, as in bellicose (Late Middle English) or ‘warlike’, combined with re- ‘again’. A person who is deeply dissatisfied by society in general but does not have a specific aim to fight for might be described as a rebel without a cause. The first such person was James Dean, star of the 1955 film Rebel Without a Cause. Revel (Late Middle English) comes from the French equivalent, which developed the sense ‘to make a noise’ from the basic sense ‘to rise in rebellion’.

Line breaks: trans|gress
Pronunciation: /tranzˈɡrɛs
, trɑːnz-, -ns-/

Definition of transgress in English:


1Go beyond the limits of (what is morallysocially, orlegally acceptable):she had transgressed an unwritten social law
2Geology (Of the sea) spread over (an area of land):each continent has been transgressed by continentalseas


late 15th century (earlier ( late Middle English) astransgression): from Old French transgresser or Latintransgress- 'stepped across', from the verb transgredi, from trans- 'across' + gradi 'go'.




  • Ultimately, we need to have a zero tolerance policy and if that means the police pressing charges against any transgressors, then so be it.
  • The establishment of an Anti-Corruption Commission will help reveal and expose corruption and hopefully result in prosecution of transgressors, but it will not tackle the problem at its origin.
  • This virus is forcing all of us to look at the way we construct our respective social boundaries, and how we sentence (without trial) those perceived as transgressors.