2017年12月27日 星期三

ageism, unbridled, puke, Wellderly, decent health, bridle, pushback, well-intentioned

Once a Cash Cow, Venezuela's Oil Company Now Verges on Collapse


The deepening troubles threaten to further destabilize a nation facing a dire recession and unbridled crime, as well as food and medicine shortages.

When Are Doctors Too Old to Practice? A8

Hospitals and other medical institutions are increasingly testing older physicians for mental and physical acuity—roiling some who raise questions of fairness, scientific validity—and ageism.

Meet the activists defending Boyle Heights, the Latino community standing its ground against the wave of gentrification in Los Angeles.

Hardline tactics succeed in keeping outsiders away from Boyle Heights, the…

ON THE MOVE: A Life By Oliver Sacks is available today in paperback.
A New York Times Notable Book, and one of the Best Books of the Year: NPR, San Francisco Chronicle, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, BookPage, Slate, Men’s Journal
When Oliver Sacks was twelve years old, a perceptive schoolmaster wrote: “Sacks will go far, if he does not go too far.” It is now abundantly clear that Sacks has never stopped going. With unbridled honesty and humor, Sacks writes about the passions that have driven his life—from motorcycles and weight lifting to neurology and poetry. He writes about his love affairs, both romantic and intellectual; his guilt over leaving his family to come to America; his bond with his schizophrenic brother; and the writers and scientists—W. H. Auden, Gerald M. Edelman, Francis Crick—who have influenced his work. On the Move is the story of a brilliantly unconventional physician and writer, a man who has illuminated the many ways that the brain makes us human. READ an excerpt here: http://knopfdoubleday.com/book/236755/on-the-move/

This club with a standing toilet for puking is the pinnacle of innovation


In accepting his Nobel, Mr. García Márquez said: “Poets and beggars, musicians and prophets, warriors and scoundrels, all creatures of that unbridled reality, we have had to ask but little of imagination. For our crucial problem has been a lack of conventional means to render our lives believable.”


How Big-Time Sports Ate College Life

Football stadiums and basketball courts have managed to become the center of college culture on many campuses. Above, unbridled enthusiasm reigns at Ohio State games.

Critics have long painted the Nuclear Regulatory Commission as well-intentioned but weak, and incapable of keeping tabs on an industry to which it remains closely tied.

簡言之﹐廣告內容是一個女人吃早餐時借用丈夫的筆記本電腦﹐結果在瀏覽器歷史記錄中發現一個極其惡心的網站(畫面上沒有顯示)﹐導致她大吐特吐﹐弄得滿廚 房和她丈夫滿身都是。這則廣告的標題是O.M.G.I.G.P.﹐表示“天哪我要吐了”(Oh my god I'm going to puke)。

Human Nature Today

Evolutionary psychology has had a good run. But now there is growing pushback. Critics say the theory is being used to try to explain more than it can bear.

For its part, the banking industry bridles at such broad-brush analysis. The industry defines solvency bank by bank, and uses the value of a bank's assets as they are carried on its books rather than the market prices calculated by economists.

Two weeks ago, I reviewed Earth Class Mail. It's a service that scans your postal mail so that you can read it online, even overseas or during any stretch of extended travel.
To give it a decent test, I posted a note on my blog, asking readers to send me some mail--any mail--at my special Earth Class Mail address.

2009 “Coming back to America from another country, I hadn't been swept up in all this dotcom stuff,” he says.
“There was a hubris that was unreal: the climate and the culture and the unbridled optimism. There was arrogance that anything was possible.”

On Language


Published: July 22, 2007

If Shakespeare were still alive, he would be 443 this year and would recognize the need to revise one of his most famous passages, the Seven Ages of Man. Infant, schoolboy, lover, soldier, justice, shrunk shank and then second childishness — these fall well short of describing our new age of age. 詳文末原文和發音

Some people have always lived to be very old, but never before have so many lived so much longer and stronger. The words “poor,” “sick” and “old” used to be virtually hyphenated. Many millions can now look forward to 20, 25 and more years after retirement of decent health, sustainable income, productivity and service.
Hence the Shakespearean problem: What to call these millions. Harry (Rick) Moody, a scholar on the subject of aging, describes the great majority as the wellderly, distinct from the afflicted illderly. But that witty distinction doesn’t solve the larger nomenclature problem. Language has not yet caught up with life.
No variation of elderly encompasses the vast variety and abilities of people over 55 or 65. Yet we keep looking for a single generic term. Oldsters and golden agers are patronizing, targets for comics. Then there are outright coarse insults like geezers, gaffers, crocks or gomers, the acronym that some cranky doctors use to mean “get out of my emergency room.”
Still other terms fail because they are too narrow. Boomers, describing those born when the population started to bulge in 1946, are only now starting to enter their 60s. Retirees is an imperfect generalization because, for one thing, many people retire young and, for another, many older people continue to work, whether for the money or the satisfaction. Recognizing that half its members are not retired, the American Association of Retired Persons has retired its name and become simply AARP. AARP The Magazine, with some 31 million readers, sometimes uses another term, says Steven Slon, the editor, as in an annual feature titled “Movies for Grown-Ups.”
I’ve now learned from personal experience that even once-neutral terms have become troublesome. I’m involved with a new organization called ReServe that connects skilled people, near or at retirement age, with part-time jobs at nonprofit agencies in New York City. What to call them? They bridle even at inoffensive standbys like elders and older adults. An earlier generation found senior citizens acceptable, and senior as an adjective, as in senior vice president, remains so. But not as a noun, as in seniors.
Why? Not out of denial or vanity but because the experience of older people shows that any such generalization ignites unthinking discrimination — what Dr. Robert Butler, the longevity authority, has indelibly labeled ageism. Somehow, even well-intentioned potential employers casually assume that age renders these folks — lawyers, teachers, writers, doctors, accountants, social workers — suddenly incapable of tasks more demanding than reading to third graders.
In its work with 65 nonprofit agencies and New York City departments, ReServe is demonstrating how wrong it is to characterize people in this way. For them, the term ReServist answers the terminology problem. But what of the larger population of 35 million people over 65?
Marc Freedman, founder of Civic Ventures, a think tank and incubator of ideas about later years, has just published a book titled “Encore,” describing examples of satisfying second and third careers, but that term applies to jobs, not people. In a New York Times report last month on graying suburbs, Sam Roberts offered a clever coinage: suppies, playing off the ’80s acronym for young urban professionals. But even that applies only to some of the millions in this eighth age of life.
“We struggle with this in everything we write,” says William H. Frey, a visiting scholar at the Brookings Institution. “We get a lot of pushback when we use ‘pre-seniors’ to describe people in their mid-50s. ‘That’s not me!’ they say.”
There is probably no single acceptable term — because no single term can embrace so vast and varied a population. The ultimate answer will most likely be a suite of functional and factual terms, like the typology scholars use to distinguish between the young old, 65 to 80; the old old, 80 to 90; the oldest old, 90 to 99; and centenarians. Terms like these, though somewhat awkward, are apt to enter common usage as society faces up to the new age of age. Necessity is the mother of locution.

  1. prejudice or discrimination on the grounds of a person's age.

    "ageism in recruitment is an increasing problem"

  1. A device or mechanism that affords movement of another object backwards: the pushback on a subway door.
  2. Forced movement of troops back from the line.

"All the world's a stage"

An actor
The "melancholy" Jacques speaks these lines just before Orlando brings the good old man Adam on stage. Jacques must recently have read Timothy Bright's A Treatise of Melancholie.
The passage is spoken in the dialect Shakespeare would have used:
Listen to the passage ( mp3 format).
Learn more about Elizabethan pronunciation.
Jacques: All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant,
Mewling and puking* in the nurse's arms.
Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard*,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the canon's mouth. And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon* lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws* and modern instances;
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon*
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;
His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his* sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans* teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
(As You Like It, 2. 7. 139-167)

intr. &; tr.v., puked, puk·ing, pukes.
To vomit.

  1. 1.
    "wild with shame at puking up like a baby"

  1. The act of vomiting.
  2. Vomit.
  3. One regarded as disgusting or contemptible.

[Perhaps imitative.]


Line breaks: un|bridled
Pronunciation: /ʌnˈbrʌɪd(ə)ld /


  • Uncontrolled; unconstrained:a moment of unbridled ambitionunbridled lust

    • I speak, of course, of Riverdance, with its scantily clad females dancing in unison with men, in a vulgar display of wantonness and unbridled lust.
    • It became more and more difficult for the whorehouses, thriving as they did in an atmosphere of degradation and unbridled lust, to survive in such a regulatory environment.
    • While it might not be the way Shakespeare wrote it, ‘Maqbool’ too revolves around unbridled ambition and jealousy for murder.

bridle (SHOW ANGER)
verb [I]
to show sudden annoyance:
She bridled at the suggestion that she had been dishonest.


    1 〈馬・ラバなどから〉馬勒(ばろく)をはずす.
    2 ((文))…を拘束から解く, 自由にする
    have an unbridled tongue
adjective [usually before noun]
not controlled or limited:
unbridled ambition/enthusiasm/lust

  1. Characterized by conformity to recognized standards of propriety or morality.
  2. Free from indelicacy; modest.
  3. Meeting accepted standards; adequatea decent salary.
    1. Morally upright; respectable.
    2. Kind or obliging: very decent of them to lend you money.
  4. Informal. Properly or modestly dressed.
[Latin decēns, decent-, present participle of decēre, to be fitting.]


1 socially acceptable or good:
Everyone should be entitled to a decent wage/standard of living.
I thought he was a decent sort of person.
It was very decent (= kind) of you to help.
It made quite a decent-sized (= large) hole.
After the recent scandal, the priest is expected to do the decent thing and resign from his position.

2 INFORMAL dressed or wearing clothes:
Are you decent yet?
You can come in now, I'm decent.

decency Show phonetics
noun [U]
behaviour that is good, moral and acceptable in society:
a sense of decency
[+ to infinitive] She didn't even have the decency to apologize.

the decencies Show phonetics
plural noun UK OLD-FASHIONED
the acceptable or expected ways of doing something:
I hate going to funerals, but you must observe the decencies (= it is something you should do).

日本人過六十大壽時,稱為還曆。天干地支的年曆算法重新來過,所以是生命時間重新開始的意思。更多 古人說法:人生

英文如何處理"老而彌堅" 的稱呼問題: