2016年2月5日 星期五

melee, cement, vuvuzela, do away with, uncouth, rough-cut



"Lieutenant Trotta wasn't experienced enough to know that uncouth peasant boys with noble hearts exist in real life and that a lot of truths about the living world are recorded in bad books; they are just badly written."
―from "The Radetzky March" by Joseph Roth



BREAKING: Police: 9 dead, others injured after shootings involving rival biker gangs at restaurant in Texas; some bikers shot by police during meleehttp://abcn.ws/1JREmmX

Google does away with Buzz
USA Today


Apple's latest iPhone arrived in stores Friday in the U.S. and a half-dozen countries, as the company hoped to cement its position as the world's leading smartphone maker.



do away with
1. Make an end of, eliminate. For example, The town fathers have decided to do away with the old lighting system.
2. Demolish, destroy, kill, as in The animal officer did away with the injured deer lying by the side of the road. In the 13th century both usages were simply put as do away, the with being added only in the late 1700s.

melee

Line breaks: melee
Pronunciation: /ˈmɛleɪ/


Definition of melee in English:

noun

1confused fight or scuffle:several people were hurt in the melee
1.1confused crowd of people:the melee of people that were always thronging thestreets

Origin

Mid 17th century: from French mêlée, from an Old French variant of meslee (see medley).

cement
(sĭ-mĕnt') pronunciation
n.
    1. A building material made by grinding calcined limestone and clay to a fine powder, which can be mixed with water and poured to set as a solid mass or used as an ingredient in making mortar or concrete.
    2. Portland cement.
    3. Concrete.
  1. A substance that hardens to act as an adhesive; glue.
  2. Something that serves to bind or unite: "Custom was in early days the cement of society" (Walter Bagehot).
  3. Geology. A chemically precipitated substance that binds particles of clastic rocks.
  4. Dentistry. A substance used for filling cavities or anchoring crowns, inlays, or other restorations.
  5. Variant of cementum.

v., -ment·ed, -ment·ing, -ments. v.tr.
  1. To bind with or as if with cement.
  2. To cover or coat with cement.
v.intr.
To become cemented.

idiom:
in cement
  1. Firmly settled or determined; unalterable: The administration's position on taxes was set in cement despite the unfavorable public response.
[Middle English, from Old French ciment, from Latin caementum, rough-cut stone, rubble used in making concrete, from caedere, to cut.]
cementer ce·ment'er n.





 rough-cut
(adjective) Lacking refinement or cultivation or taste.
Synonyms: uncouth, vulgar, coarse, common
Usage: My mechanic is a rough-cut man who makes little time for pleasantries, but I use him because he always gives me an honest price and does good work.
[形]〈タバコが〉荒切りの(⇔fine-cut).

Die-Hard Fans: For the Love of Soccer


For the Love of Soccer    World Cup fans go to extraordinary lengths to prove their commitment to  the national team
Bernat Armangue / AP
Va-Va-Vuuuu
Cameroon fans blow vuvuzelas prior to their teams match against Japan.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1997221_2153243,00.html#ixzz0rLpZAYj3


A vuvuzela is an airhorn, usually made of plastic and about a meter (three feet) long. It is the traditional noise-making, cheerleading accessory of fans at South African soccer matches that has become the infamous topic of charged debate at the 2010 FIFA World Cup games in South Africa. You either love 'em, or you hate 'em.
The origin of the horn is unclear. Some say that it is based on African kudu horns; similar horns have been used for years at Mexican games and they became popularly used at South African games in the 1990s. The horns send out a loud tone that has been likened to the sound of an elephant or a swarm of bees. Players can change the intensity of the tone, but not the tone itself.
The source of the word "vuvuzela" is also disputed. Some possibilities: it came from the Zulu word for "making noise"; it comes from the local South African slang word for "shower," since it showers sound on the area, and the horn looks like a shower head.
On the day the announcement was made that South Africa would host the 2010 FIFA World Cup, street vendors sold 20,000 vuvuzelas. Since the games have begun, there has been loud protest about the noise level of the horns. Many players from visiting teams say the sound is a distraction to their game, that they can't hear the calls on the field and that the horns prevent players from getting a decent night's sleep. Broadcasters have complained that their reports from the stadium can't be heard over the musical melee. Others have welcomed the South African tradition that brings a different atmosphere to the matches.
Last updated: June 14, 2010.

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