2017年10月19日 星期四

lodge, lodger, generic, pit sb/sth against

“China has already summoned officials from the British Embassy in Beijing, and lodged stern representations about Britain’s recent series of wrong remarks and actions on this issue,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said.


"It wasn't until she looked under the furniture and noticed two little eyes staring back at her, that she realised she had a lodger."


The document was lodged by Google in a California court in response to a lawsuit that accused the web giant of breaking US laws when it scans emails in order to target adverts to users.



Via dei Fori Imperiali is a wide, busy artery that passes the Colosseum.

Rome Journal

Road Through Roman History Creates Colossal Headache

By ELISABETTA POVOLEDO

A plan to ban private vehicles on Via dei Fori Imperiali, a wide, busy artery that passes the Colosseum, has pit the mayor and conservationists against residents and shops.



In China, Protests Over Newspaper Censorship Escalate
By EDWARD WONG and CHRIS BUCKLEY 8:54 PM ET


Protests at one of China’s most liberal newspapers pitted free speech advocates against supporters of Communist Party control who wielded red flags and portraits of Mao Zedong.



Deals to Keep Generic Drugs Off Market Get a Court Rebuff
By EDWARD WYATT 3:38 PM ET
Going against a decade of rulings, a federal appeals court said payments aimed at holding back generics were anticompetitive, setting up possible review by the Supreme Court. 





The Ratiopharm auction is riveting drug makers and analysts because it pits the world's biggest maker of brand-name drugs, the U.S. company Pfizer, against the global leader in generics, Israel's Teva Pharmaceutical Industries.







A top trade official, China’s ambassador to the World Trade Organization, noted that 118 trade cases were lodged against the country in 2009, some 23 of them from the United States. He didn’t expect things to improve this year.lodge (about or against)
IN BRIEF: A place to live. Also: To place as a complaint before the proper authority.

pronunciation The club will lodge a complaint about the meeting room with the school principal.

India to give free generic drugs to hundreds of millions

◎魏國金
India has put in place a $5.4 billion policy to provide free medicine to its people.
印度已實施一項價值高達54億美元的政策,以提供免費藥物給人民。
From city hospitals to tiny rural clinics, India’s public doctors will soon be able to prescribe free generic drugs to all comers, vastly expanding access to medicine in a country where public spending on health was just $4.50 per person last year.
從城市醫院到鄉村小診所,印度公立醫院醫師不久將可以開免費的學名藥給所有求診者,在健康公共支出去年每人僅4.5美元的國家,這項措施大幅擴展藥物的取得。
Under the plan, doctors will be limited to a generics-only drug list and face punishment for prescribing branded medicines, a major disadvantage for pharmaceutical giants in one of the world’s fastest-growing drug markets.
在此計畫下,醫師用藥將僅限定在名單上的學名藥,開專利藥將面臨受罰。在這個全球藥物市場成長最快速的一個地區,此舉將讓藥廠巨擘蒙受重大損失。

"Without a doubt, it is a considerable blow to an already beleaguered industry, " said KPMG partner Chris Stirling.
「無疑的,這對已受困的產業是重大打擊,」安侯建業聯合會計師事務所合夥人史特林說。

But the initiative would overhaul a system where healthcare is often a luxury, despite 40 percent of the people living below the poverty line, or $1.25 a day or less.
不過這項創舉將大幅改革(印度醫療)制度,在該制度中,健康照護通常十分昂貴,儘管40%的人民生活在貧窮線以下,或者每日生活費1.25美元或更少。

Within five years, up to half of India’s 1.2 billion people are likely to take advantage of the scheme, the government says. Others are likely to continue visiting private hospitals and clinics, where the scheme will not operate. (Reuters)
5年內,印度12億人口中高達半數人民可能受惠於這項計畫,政府指出。其他可能繼續到民營醫院與診所就醫,該項計畫將不在這些醫療院所運作。 (路透)


lodge

verb

  • 1 [with object] present (a complaint, appeal, claim, etc.) formally to the proper authorities:he has 28 days in which to lodge an appeal
  •  (lodge something in/with) leave money or a valuable item in (a place) or with (someone) for safekeeping:the money is lodged in a bank
  • 2 [with adverbial of place] make or become firmly fixed or embedded in a place:[with object]:they had to remove a bullet lodged near his spine[no object]: figurativethe image had lodged in her mind
  • 3 [no object, with adverbial] rent accommodation in another person’s house:the man who lodged in the room next door
  •  [with object and adverbial] provide (someone) with accommodation in return for payment:she was lodged in the same hall
  • 4 [with object] (of wind or rain) flatten (a standing crop):(as adjective lodged)rain that soaks standing or lodged crops

pit against
Set in direct opposition or competition, as in The civil war pitted brother against brother. This idiom alludes to setting fighting cocks or dogs against one another in a pit. [Mid-1700s]

1 (pit someone/thing against) set someone or something in conflict or competition with:you’ll get the chance to pit your wits against the world champions historical set an animal to fight against (another animal) for sport: there were usually three dogs pitted against one lion
[because formerly set against each other in a ‘pit’ or enclosure]

put in place︰動詞片語,實施、施行。例句︰The government will put in place special measures to control the spread of the deadly disease.(政府將實施特別措施以控制該致命疾病的擴散。)
overhaul︰動詞,徹底革新。例句︰The old system of education should be overhauled.(舊的教育制度應全面改革。)


generic drugs︰學名藥,指原廠的專利期已過,其他藥廠可依原廠公佈的成分、製藥方式等資訊生產的藥物。與學名藥相對的是branded drugs(專利藥、原廠藥)。

generic[ge・ner・ic]

  • 発音記号[dʒənérik]
[形]((限定))
1 《生物》属の, 〈性質などが〉属に特有な
a generic trait
属の特性
a generic name
属名.
2 一般的な, 包括的な(⇔specific).
3 《文法》〈数・人称・時制が〉総称の
the generic person
総称人称(1人称, 2人称, 3人称の違いを越えてすべての人称に通じる人称;人々一般を指すone, we, you, theyなど).
4 ((主に米))〈薬などが〉(商標登録による保護を受けず)一般名称で販売される. ▼brand name drugに対する
Aspirin is a generic name.
「アスピリン」は薬の一般名称である.
5 無印商品の, ノーブランドの.
ge・ner・i・cal・ly
[副]

generic advertising
[U](特定の商標をあげない)一般的な製品広告.

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