2016年9月20日 星期二

To gel, aphorism, ideology, maxim,

"It takes no time at all to gel." – Prince William on the East Anglian Air Ambulance team.



When asked about the decision not to charge Hillary Clinton, lawyers and legal experts interviewed answered with a maxim about the U.S. justice system: Not every bad act is a crime, and not all crimes are punished.
In considering whether to press charges against Hillary Clinton, the FBI’s options were limited to two federal laws, each of which posed significant obstacles for investigators and prosecutors.
ON.WSJ.COM|由 JACOB GERSHMAN AND JOE PALAZZOLO 上傳



That grounded maxim
So rife and celebrated in the mouths
Of wisest men: that to the public good
Private respects must yield.
Milton I.865
那些聖哲口中常說的
一句至理名言:個人的考慮
必須服從公眾的利益

socialist/capitalist ideology
The people are caught between two opposing ideologies.



gel verb (BECOME FIRM)

[ I ] us also jell to change from a liquid into a thicksoft solid
[ I ] us also jell If an idea or situation gels, it starts to become moreclear and fixed:
They talked a lot about opening a restaurant, but their plans never gelled.
[ I ] us also jell If two or more people gel, they form a good relationshipor become friends:
The team really gelled during the first few games of the season.

  rife

 (rīf) pronunciation
adj., rif·er, rif·est.
  1. In widespread existence, practice, or use; increasingly prevalent.
  2. Abundant or numerous.
[Middle English, from Old English rȳfe.]
maxim noun [C]
a brief statement of a general truth, principle or rule for behaviour

ideology[i・de・ol・o・gy]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[àidiɑ'lədʒi, ìd- | -ɔ'l-]
  • 中國最近有譯為"思想性" (哈哈)
[名]
1 イデオロギー, 観念形態.
2 [U]((古))観念論.
3 [U]空理空論.
[形]((叙述))((形式))〈好ましくない物・事が〉はびこって, 広まって;〈場所が〉(好ましくない物・事で)いっぱいである, 満ち満ちている((with ...)). ▼主にbeまたはgrow, waxと共に用いる
Violence is rife in the slums. [=The slums are rife with violence. ]
スラムでは暴力ざたがしょっちゅう起きている.

ideologue noun [C] FORMAL
a person who believes very strongly in particular principles and tries to follow them carefully
但認為這是陳水扁施政造成的,陳下臺問題就解決的看法很「民粹」。怎樣解決,宋先生典型的說法是:「不要意識形態治國」才能搞好經濟,怎樣不意識形態呢?就是不要「島國鎖國」而要投入「全球化」趕快開放對中國投資通商。宋這一整套說法--認定「兩邊一國」保證天下太平,其實才是典型的意識形態治國。

ideological adjective
based on or relating to a particular set of ideas or beliefs:
ideological differences
There are some fairly profound ideological disagreements within the movement.
ideologically adverb
The government is ideologically opposed to spending more on the arts (= this is in opposition to its political beliefs).

Little separates the two women ideologically (= they believe in similar things) .
Iatrogenic 由醫療處方或檢查所致的病
Iatrogenic disease 受醫師影響而生之病
Ideologist 18世紀道德哲學家(研究個人與社會的唯理理論、其對象確立為人類的思維本身,或人與人關係之間的學問。主要分為歷史的和數目的-可以採用牛頓定律的先驗概念,從統計數字讀出概念定律。未來的統計學誕生於啟蒙時代理性道德哲學中有關定律的思想)或空想家,



saying
noun [C]
a well-known and wise statement, which often has a meaning that is different from the meanings of the words it contains
As the saying goes, 'Don't count your chickens before they're hatched'.
”Turnover is vanity, profits are sanity and cash is reality”, goes the old saying.
Two's company, three's a crowd. SAYING
said when two people are relaxed and enjoying each other's company but another person would make them feel less comfortable


aphorism
noun [C] 格言
a short, cleverly phrased saying which is intended to express a general truth; a maxim
Oscar Wilde was famous for such aphorisms as 'Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes'

"Aphorism — the English version, anyway, in which there is no event or moment that cannot be made into a droll maxim of one sort or another — is at the heart of 'Who's Who in Hell,'" writes Sifton. He says, "There are missteps, particularly in Chalmers's inept sketching of parenthood and in his largely impersonal relationship with the novel's female characters," but overall, the novel "makes for fine and highly pleasurable reading."



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