2015年11月21日 星期六

humble, humility, deference, deferential, differential, deep down

 

"The great has remained, and will remain for ever... but the kind friend, tender and patient, full of humility is gone for ever." Leopold Sulerzhitsky, one of Leo Tolstoy's friends, on the Russian novelist's death—105 years ago today

Leo Tolstoy died on November 20th 1910
ECON.ST

David W. Dunlap/NYT

City Room
A ‘Dematerializing’ 4 World Trade Center
A building deliberately designed to be understated and deferential.

 

Many With New College Degree Find the Job Market Humbling

Employment rates for new graduates have fallen sharply, as have starting salaries for those who can find work.


A question of trust

Japan’s nuclear crisis is eroding deference to authority

“All anybody can do is thank God it’s over,” Bing Crosby, the show’s host, said. “Today our deep down feeling is one of humility,” he added.

Deep down
At bottom, basically. For example, Deep down she was a rebel, or Although he would never admit it, deep down he was very fond of her[c. 1900]

deference
(dĕf'ər-əns, dĕf'rəns) pronunciation
n.
  1. Submission or courteous yielding to the opinion, wishes, or judgment of another.
  2. Courteous respect. See synonyms at honor.



humble
adj., -bler, -blest.
  1. Marked by meekness or modesty in behavior, attitude, or spirit; not arrogant or prideful.
  2. Showing deferential or submissive respect: a humble apology.
  3. Low in rank, quality, or station; unpretentious or lowly: a humble cottage.
tr.v., -bled, -bling, -bles.
  1. To curtail or destroy the pride of; humiliate.
  2. To cause to be meek or modest in spirit.
  3. To give a lower condition or station to; abase. See synonyms at degrade.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin humilis, low, lowly, from humus, ground.]
humbleness hum'ble·ness n.
humbler hum'bler n.
humbly hum'bly adv.


吉姆‧柯林斯(Jim Collins)在暢銷書《從A到A+》中提及,領導力分成五個等級,第五級領導人(level 5 leadership)結合了謙遜的個性(personal humility)和專業的堅持(professional will),因此能建立組織最好的績效。這樣具有內斂、謙遜性格的第五級領導人,和沉靜領導人的特質不謀而合。

 humility
n.t
The quality or condition of being humble.

[Middle English humilite, from Old French, from Late Latin humilitās, from humilis, humble. See humble.]


  deferential
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: adj. - Showing a yielding of judgment
Tutor's tip: The "differential" (the amount of difference) in their test scores was small, but the loser was "deferential" (marked by courteous yielding or respect) to the winner anyway.


adj. - 恭敬的, 慣於順從的
日本語 (Japanese)
adj. - 敬意を表する, うやうやしい

  • 発音記号[dèfərénʃəl]
[形]丁重な, いんぎんな.
def・er・en・tial・ly
[副]






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