2016年12月24日 星期六

secondchop, tamp down the public's vitriol



Baltimore Leaders Try to Curb Expectations Over Report

Officials sought to tamp down expectations that residents would learn details soon about how Freddie Gray died.


Obama Not Rushing to Act on Signs Syria Used Chemical Arms
By MARK LANDLER and MICHAEL R. GORDON
The president said he would respond "prudently" and "deliberately" to evidence that Syria has used chemical weapons, tamping down any expectations that he would take swift action.


secondchop 二等


When Goldman Sachs unveiled a plan last week to help small-business owners, and its chief executive offered contrite words on behalf of his firm, it's clear that the investment bank sought to tamp down the public's vitriol toward it.

Reading a nasty word in a second language may not pack the punch it would in your native tongue, thanks to an unconscious brain quirk that tamps down potentially disturbing emotions, a new study finds.
用第二語言唸一個不雅字眼,威力或許不如用母語讀來得大,這是拜大腦一種無意識的奇怪特性之賜,新研究發現,這種特性會壓制可能令人不安的情緒。

tamp[tamp]

  • 発音記号[tǽmp]

[動](他)
1 …を(…に)(軽くたたいて)詰める, 突き固める((down/in, into ...));…を封じ込める.
2 〈爆薬の口を〉土でふさぐ.
━━[名][C][U]詰め物(をすること).


tamp
tr.v., tamped, tamp·ing, tamps.
  1. To pack down tightly by a succession of blows or taps.
  2. To pack clay, sand, or dirt into (a drill hole) above an explosive.
[Perhaps back-formation from tampin, variant of TAMPION.]




tamp

Pronunciation: /tamp/

Definition of tamp




verb

[with object]
  • pack (a blast hole) full of clay or sand to concentrate the force of the explosion:when the hole was tamped to the top, gunpowder was inserted
  • [with object and adverbial of direction] ram or pack (a substance) down or into something firmly:he tamped down the tobacco with his thumb

Origin:

early 19th century: probably a back-formation from tampin (interpreted as 'tamping'), variant of tampion

tamp down something //tamp something down



vit·ri·ol (vĭt'rē-ōl', -əl) pronunciation
n.
    1. See sulfuric acid.
    2. Any of various sulfates of metals, such as ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, or copper sulfate.
  1. Bitterly abusive feeling or expression.
tr.v., -oled, or -olled, -ol·ing, or -ol·ling, -ols, or -ols.
To expose or subject to vitriol.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin vitriolum, from Late Latin vitreolum, neuter of vitreolus, of glass, from Latin vitreus. See vitreous.]

chop
v., chopped, chop·ping, chops. v.tr.
    1. To cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax: chop wood.
    2. To shape or form by chopping: chop a hole in the ice.
    3. To cut into small pieces: chop onions; chop up meat.
    4. To curtail as if by chopping: chopped off his sentence midway; are going to chop expenses.
  1. Sports. To hit or hit at with a short swift downward stroke.
v.intr.
  1. To make heavy, cutting strokes.
  2. Archaic. To move roughly or suddenly.
n.
  1. The act of chopping.
    1. A swift, short, cutting blow or stroke.
    2. Sports. A short downward stroke.
  2. A piece that has been chopped off, especially a cut of meat, usually taken from the rib, shoulder, or loin and containing a bone.
    1. A short irregular motion of waves.
    2. An area of choppy water, as on an ocean.
[Middle English choppen, probably variant of chappen, to split. See chap1.]

chop2 (chŏp) pronunciation
intr.v., chopped, chop·ping, chops.
To change direction suddenly, as a ship in the wind.
[Obsolete, to exchange, from Middle English choppen, to barter, bargain, variant of chapen, from Old English cēapian, from cēap, bargain, trade. See cheap.]

chop3 (chŏp) pronunciation
n.
  1. An official stamp or permit in the Far East.
    1. A mark stamped on goods or coins to indicate their identity or quality.
    2. Quality; class: first chop.
[Hindi chāp, seal.]

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