2017年6月9日 星期五

slur, “n-word”/ Nigger/ utter the f-word / c-word, fuck-up. FUCKER, FOCKER


School officials took back 1,000 books and scratched off the racial slur by hand


The school’s principal told parents in a letter that “we have all come to the conclusion that the community costs of reading this book in 11th grade outweigh the literary benefits”, saying that some students had found the “use of the N-word” to be “challenging”, and that the school “was not being inclusive”.
Language in the landmark novel prompts Philadelphia school to drop the…
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 ALISON FLOOD 上傳




A historian claims to have found the earliest use of the word "fuck" in the English language, in court documents from the 14th century.
Dr Paul Booth, a senior research fellow at Keele University, found evidence of a man named "Roger Fuckbythenavele" from Chester county court plea rolls in 1310.
"I've been going through these magnificent records and I came across this by accident," Dr Booth explained to MailOnline. "It really does shout out at you."

An excerpt from the documents reads:
County Court of Chester, held on Tuesday after the feast of St Nicholas, 4 Edw. II, before Payn Tibotot, justiciar of Chester (8th December 1310)
A man called "Roger Fuckbythenavele" was exacted for the first time [the process preliminary to outlawry].
TNA CHES 29/23 m 10d

The historian says the man was going through the process of being outlawed and it appears he had been given this nickname - either as an "inexperienced copulator" or as a "rather extravagant explanation for a dimwit" - by a court clerk.
Before this latest discovery, the earliest known use of the F-word was said to be in a 1475 poem Flen flyys - where a line reads "they are not in Heaven, since they fuck the wives of Ely" - however because the poem is written in Anglo-Latin it may not be the earliest form in true English.
Another early use of the swear word was from an angry monk in 1528, who wrote of a fellow monk in the margin of a book: "O d fuckin abott."




‘Go out in the world and fuck it up beautifully’: John Waters’ commencement speech at RISD

Just stop what you’re doing and give your undivided attention to John Waters as he gives one of the best commencement speeches EVER!



slur
an act of speaking indistinctly so that sounds or words run into one another or a tendency to speak in such a way.

"there was a trace of a slur in his voice"


match utterances to utters

“Time has no divisions to mark its passage,” Thomas Mann observed. “There is never a thunderstorm or blare of trumpets to announce the beginning of a new month or year. Even when a new century begins it is only we mortals who ring bells and fire off pistols.” And it is only we mortals who publish quizzes. (answers will be posted on Thur., Jan. 1).

The F-Word
這是中國陳雲林來台灣約11/4-5 2008 某法國籍人士" 嗆" " f china....."
有專門辭典
或參考入門辭典

Results

fuck was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.



george carlin comedian f bomb

The F-Word

Comedian George Carlin performing his infamous 1973 monologue "Filthy Words"
Everett

"The F-word is one of the most graphic, explicit and vulgar words in the English language," U.S. Solicitor General Gregory Garre proclaimed before the Supreme Court last week during the First Amendment case FCC v. Fox. And if TV networks are to have their way, according to Garre, it won't be long before we'll see "Big Bird dropping the F-bomb on Sesame Street."

Sesame Street: children's show debuted on TV (1969)

Garre is defending the Federal Communications Commission's new policy of fining "fleeting expletives" like the one used by U2 frontman Bono during his acceptance speech at the 2003 Golden Globes ("This is really, really bleeping brilliant"), to which the governing body will no longer turn a blind eye. Aside from the case's freedom of speech ramifications, the Supreme Court hearing was notable in that it lasted several hours and not once was the F-word uttered.
The history of the ancient and awesomely powerful "F-Bomb" continues to mystify lexiconographers. While it remains one of the most scandalous sounds in modern vocabulary, it cannot rightly be considered slang. First printed in a Scottish poem in 1503, the term pre-dates the printing press and has been traced to a number of etymological origins: Middle Dutch (fokken), Germanic (ficken), English (firk), Scottish (fukkit); even the Latin words futuerre ("to copulate") and pungo ("to prick") bear a striking resemblance to the modern-day phrase. Rumors persist that legal acronyms are to blame: "Fornication Under Consent of the King" or the Irish police blotter inscription "booked For Unlawfiul Carnal Knowledge."
Noah Webster shunned the distasteful phrase from his dictionaries, setting a prudish precedent for modern compilers that would remain intact until 1965, when Houghton Mifflin published the term in the American Heritage Dictionary (even though it still continued to sell a "Texas edition" of the book for discerning buyers who preferred the term be left out). The Oxford English Dictionary banned both the f-word and the c-word (although it retained the lewder definition of "prick"). Then came the profanity-laced works of James Joyce (Ulysses, 1922) and D.H. Lawrence (Lady Chatterley's Lover, 1928), who managed to use the inflammatory term on nearly every page. (The books were subsequently banned across the world, burned by protesters and stopped at U.S. customs).
Comedians, perhaps not surprisingly, have led the way in public profanity, insising on both the harmlessness of curse words and their significance in the American lexicon. "Four-letter comedian" Lenny Bruce took part in some of the nation's first indecency trials by saying things like: "Take away the right to say "f_ __" and you take away the right to say "f___ the government." The late comedian George Carlin played a memorable role in the last major Supreme Court ruling on broadcast indecency with his famously playful ode to cussing, "Filthy Words," which doted on one word in particular: "Nice word, easy word, cute word, kind of. Easy word to say. One syllable, short u. You know, it's easy. Starts with a nice soft sound fuh ends with a kuh. Right? A little something for everyone."
In the end, the Supreme Court ruled against the Pacifica radio station that had played the monologue in all its profane glory, calling Carlin's sketch a "verbal shock treatment." Such vulgar subject matter doesn't seem to bode well with the conservative atmosphere of the courtroom. One Chicago prosecutor opened his case against Bruce in 1963 with: " I don't think I have to tell you the term, I think that you recall it ... as a word that started with "F" and ended with "K" and sounded like truck." One judge in Maine declared during a 1981 indecency trial that "no obscene words should be uttered in court," stipulating instead that the sexually charged term in question should be referred to as the word, lending the entire trial, according to The New Yorker, a sort of "Biblical ring."
A series of court decisions in the 1990s established "safe harbors" for indecent language — party hours, so to speak, are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. — but battles continue. In 2005, rock band Motley Crue sued NBC, claiming the network blackballed the group after lead singer Vince Neil used the f-word during an appearance on The Tonight Show. That same year, producers at PBS complained about having to scrub expletives from their war documentary Return of the Taliban; one producer called it "Disney-fying combat." In 2006, the FCC fined a California TV station for including the word when it aired Martin Scorsese�s documentary The Blues. Family Guy creator Seth McFarlane is especially fond of testing the FCC; especially through song. A number of anchors have blurted the obscenity on air, and even Oprah Winfrey confessed while praising the founder of the Cuss Control Academy in Illinois that she too is trying to kick her cussing ways.
As Justice Antonin Scalia noted last week, few words have the kind of "zing" that the f-word has. In fact, alternatives seem lame by comparison. In 1991, a TV station replaced the word "motherf___er" with "mikifiki" when it aired Spike Lee's 1989 film Do the Right Thing, with predictably ridiculous results. The sci-fi TV show Battlestar Galatica has creatively settled on "frack" as the obscenity of choice among fighter jocks of the future.
Justice John Paul Stevens — the only remaining Supreme Court judge from the landmark 1978 Pacifica decision — seems to be the only one with a sense of humor about the whole affair. During the proceedings he wondered aloud if it mattered, in First Amendment terms, whether the use of the f-word, in context, was "hilarious."

Definition

utter (SPEAK)
verb [T] SLIGHTLY FORMAL
to say something or to make a sound with your voice:
She sat through the whole meeting without uttering a word.

utterance
noun [C]
1 FORMAL something that someone says:
The senator's weekend utterances were promptly rebutted by three of his colleagues on Monday.

2 LITERARY give utterance to sth to express your ideas or feelings in spoken words:
She has one great fear to which she will never give utterance.





Definition of fuck-up in English:

noun

vulgar slang
mess or muddle.

EVER since NewSouth Books announced it would publish a version of “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” with the “n-word” removed, reaction has split between traditionalists outraged at censorship and those who feel this might be a way to get teenagers, especially African-American boys, comfortable reading a literary classic. From a mother’s perspective, I think both sides are mistaken.

N-word may refer to:
  • Nigger – Common euphemism for "nigger" or "nigga": viz., variant forms of a word commonly used in a derogatory way meaning or relating to black people, the latter form a colloquial reference typically utilized without malice and within the black community itself


淺談c-word 與the f-word

其實,英文要好,只有一途:一字一字深入學習,再一句句饡研。
譬如說,了解何時要用'the',也不容易。我翻譯過W. E. DEMING著的Out of the Crisis(「轉危為安」),許多人都誤寫成Out of Crisis。

喜歡字道的人,下一網頁為入門。
http://www.dictionary.cambridge.org/results.asp?searchword=word
我們今天只談點the f-word和不列入其中的 c-word

c-word 這種表示法,看當時社會風氣最流行談什麼主題,
再以c為第一字母的字眼來代表。過去最常見的,就是competition,譬如說,我們的社會現在還習慣這樣說:「有特色,才有競爭力 :每個城市都有自己的故事,在全球化的浪潮、動盪的經濟下,他們分別走向不同的命運,有的快速崛起,有的從此被遺忘。新世紀裡,地方行銷已成為一種主導性的經濟活動。找出地方特色,成功地行銷,可以帶來人潮和錢潮,也可以改變地方的命運…….」

而英國最近的 c-word ,為健保 care/caring 之新制。
當然啦,如果你關心的是censorship,它當然也算。
這方面的書,以管理為大宗。台灣請過一些c-word大師來念過經。

我們談完the f-word之後,會發現這類swear word(noun [C]
a rude or offensive word: 例All swear words, even mild ones such as 'damn', were deleted from the text. ),也多在半世紀多的「講髒話運動」中失靈,只好再求助於某一c-word……(關於"c-word"大約有56,700 項搜尋結果,這是第1至10項。 共費0.38 秒。)

***** 據劍橋大學的這部(Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)
the f-word 即FUCK的客氣說法
POLITE WORD FOR fuck:
Entertainment Research reports that there are 245 mentions of the f-word in this movie.

這一字,最近很熱門,譬如說,英國的名服飾公司French Connection的品牌為fcuk(注意,我沒寫錯!)老闆夫婦要離婚,得繳離婚重罰,只好大拍賣……..
又,諸如:「錢尼在參院罵四字經」等綜合報導(黃建育等等)
美國副總統錢尼本月廿二日在參議院一年一度的拍攝團體紀念照時,竟然口出穢言,以英文字母F開頭的字眼咒罵佛蒙特州民主黨籍聯邦參議員李希。 一位參院助理表示,當時錢尼是說「F--k off」或者「Go f--k yourself」。…….. 』

我的確讀過關於the f-word的書,書名 THE F-WORD—THE COMPLETE HISTORY OF THE WORD IN ALL ITS ROBUST AND VARIOUS USES , 編者為Jesse Sheidlower --我現在沒力氣重溫這本228頁的書了。

如果你讀過楊振寧的傳記,或許你讀過他到美國的40-50年代,許多人開始肆無忌憚說起禁忌話,讓他都聽不懂「美語」。
這種風氣自古以來就很盛,所以莎士比亞的作品中的這方面用語可以編成書。

我們再跟諸位介紹Thomad Bowdler 先生,他在1815年出版『家庭用的消毒版莎士比亞集』(Family Shakespeare) ,將許多「不宜觀賞」處刪除,所以英文現在有一字(動詞verb [T] DISAPPROVING)
bowdlerize, UK ALSO bowdlerise

to remove words or parts from a book, play or film that are considered to be unsuitable or offensive:
The version of the play that I saw had been dreadfully bowdlerized.

這也是為什麼,大陸在翻譯DICTIONARY of OBSCENITY & TABOO的時候, 必須採用梁實秋先生翻譯的「莎士比亞全集」,因為這髒詞禁忌語的全譯,僅此一家,別無分號。

我們說過,THE F-WORD最後集大成的,可能是c-word還是它的競爭力最強。以下是我剛剛GOOGLE 的結果。不敢掠美,請試讀:'CUNT'不稀罕,我們老祖宗幾千年前就讓它成為我們的國罵。


With other swearwords (notably 'fuck') gradually losing their potency, 'cunt' is left as the last linguistic taboo, though even the c-word can now be found adorning badges, tee-shirts, and bookcovers. Its normalisation is now only a matter of time. Cunt Etymology & Miscellany. ...
七月一日讀「治大國若烹小鮮。」參觀故宮德藝



 fucker
 (fŭk'ər) pronunciation
n. Vulgar Slang
  1. A despised person.
  2. One that engages in sexual intercourse.

Meet the Fockers is a 2004 American comedy film directed by Jay Roach and the sequel to Meet the Parents. The film stars Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller, Dustin Hoffman, Barbra Streisand, Blythe Danner and Teri Polo. It was followed up by a sequel, Little Fockers, in 2010.

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