2016年7月1日 星期五

textured, Hobson's choice, rustic, gouda,

Smooth stone contrasts with textured brick in Leuven, Belgium:http://bit.ly/295tRC9


"Architectural micro-surgery has been used to inject new life into the remains of the local brewing industry."
ARCHITIZER.COM
他認為,民進黨和蔡英文的勝選使北京陷入兩難。北京和蔡英文雙方面應該都能各自調整,持續合作保持穩定,但因為北京相信蔡終將尋求法理獨立,蔡可能濫用中方善意而無相對回應。因此,北京堅持蔡英文必須接受中方立場。事實上,蔡英文必須在中方和她的支持者中擇一,如果她選擇支持者,則北京會繼續下重手。中國這麼作,是試圖讓蔡英文的總統任期失敗,製造出「霍布森式選擇」(Hobson's Choice,意指沒有選擇餘地的選擇)。


36 Hours in Baltimore
By CHARLY WILDER
From art to crabs, dive bars to "The Wire," Natty Boh to the home of Poe, this is a textured town with multiple identities.


Mr. Chavez said his socialist government is going to apply strict quotas regarding the number and types of vehicles auto makers can produce. The president also ordered his trade minister, Eduardo Saman, to inspect the Toyota plant, saying it may not be making enough 'rustic vehicles,' a style of all-terrain vehicle that is much-needed in Venezuela's countryside, where they are often converted into minibuses.



textured 

Pronunciation: /ˈtɛkstʃəd/ 


ADJECTIVE

Not having a smooth, plain, or regular surface:richly textured fabrics such as jacquardvelvet, and chenille are growing in popularityspritz of this product will help roughen up your hair for a textured finish


gouda
n.
A mild, close-textured, pale yellow cheese made from whole or partially skimmed milk.

[After Gouda, a city in the western Netherlands.]

rustic

adj.
  1. Of, relating to, or typical of country life or country people. See synonyms at rural.
    1. Lacking refinement or elegance; coarse.
    2. Charmingly simple or unsophisticated.
  2. Made of unfinished or roughly finished wood: rustic furniture.
  3. Having a rough or textured appearance; rusticated. Used of masonry.
n.
  1. A rural person.
  2. A person regarded as crude, coarse, or simple.
[Middle English rustik, from Old French rustique, from Latin rūsticus, from rūs, country.]
rustically rus'ti·cal·ly adv.

Hobson's choice

Meaning
No real choice at all - the only options being to either accept or refuse the offer that is given to you.
Origin
hobson's choiceThere is a story that 'Hobson's choice' comes from a Mr. Hobson who hired out horses and gave his customers no choice as to which horse they could take. This has all the credentials of a 'folk etymology' myth but, in this case, the derivation is correct.
A search of Google will return several thousand hits for 'Hobbesian choice'. The mistaken uses of that phrase, in place of the correct 'Hobson's choice', originate from a confusion between the celebrated philosopher Thomas Hobbes and the obscure Thomas Hobson, to whom the phrase refers.
Thomas Hobson (1545–1631) ran a thriving carrier and horse rental business in Cambridge, England, around the turn of the 17th century. Hobson rented out horses, mainly to Cambridge University students, but refused to hire them out other than in the order he chose. The choice his customers were given was 'this or none'; quite literally, Hobson's choice.
The phrase was already being described as proverbial less than thirty years after Hobson's death. The Quaker scholar Samuel Fisher referred to the phrase in his religious text, The Rustick's Alarm to the Rabbies, 1660:
"If in this Case there be no other (as the Proverb is) then Hobson's choice ... which is, chuse whether you will have this or none."
The Spectator, No. 509, 1712, explains how Hobson did business, which shows clearly how the phrase came into being:
"He lived in Cambridge, and observing that the Scholars rid hard, his manner was to keep a large Stable of Horses, ... when a Man came for a Horse, he was led into the Stable, where there was great Choice, but he obliged him to take the Horse which stood next to the Stable-Door; so that every Customer was alike well served according."
After his death in 1631, Hobson was remembered in verse by no less a figure than John Milton, saying "He had bin an immortall Carrier". That seems rather a strange thing to say just after he had died. Eighty-six was a very good innings in the 17th century, but hardly immortality.
The phrase was still well enough known in the 20th century for 'hobsons' to be adopted then as Cockney rhyming slang for 'voice'.
The most celebrated application of Hobson's choice in the 20th century was Henry Ford's offer of the Model-T Ford in 'any colour you like, so long as it's black'.

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