2016年7月19日 星期二

follow-up, unraveled, smash-mouth, scarper, fodder, loose cannon, blooper, threadbare, break someone's fall,

 

A TV Titan at His Peak Hits the End of His Path

The Republican convention has been a triumph for Mr. Ailes’s brand of smash-mouth and “politically incorrect” politics, but it comes as his own career unraveled.
Strauss-Kahn Re-emerges in Finance, in Russia
Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the former chief of the International Monetary Fund whose career unraveled in a series of sex scandals, has joined a subsidiary of Rosneft.


Protests Engulf Greece as Crisis Deepens

On Monday, Greece faced the most serious political crisis since Prime Minister Antonis Samaras took power, and his governing coalition appeared on the verge of unraveling.






The archives, at C-SpanVideo.org, cover 23 years of history and five presidential administrations and are sure to provide new fodder for pundits and politicians alike. The network will formally announce the completion of the C-Span Video Library on Wednesday.


300,000 Apply for 3,300 Obama Jobs
By NEIL A. LEWIS
The excitement about an Obama administration has fueled the record number of applicants, although the unraveling economy may be adding its own boost.
Yet recently, based on Ford’s and the E.P.A.’s own recent follow-up studies of the soil and groundwater in Upper Ringwood, those conclusions unraveled and became fodder in what environmental experts say is now among the messiest industrial cleanup efforts in Superfund’s 27-year history.
(July 29, 2007
Decades After a Plant Closes, Waste Remains
By RON STODGHILL)

Crude tactics

BP’s boss, Tony Hayward, tries to unravel the curious goings-on at TNK-BP in Russia




C. K. Williams, the poet known for his “long, unraveled lines,” died yesterday at seventy-eight.

Cameron to Seek German Support on European Reform

Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain is traveling on Friday to meet with Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, resuming a diplomatic overture to mend his country’s frayed ties with the European Union.


scarper (SKAHR-puhr)

verb intr.: To flee, especially without paying one's bills.

Etymology
The term is a Briticism and its origin isn't confirmed. It's probably from Italian scappare (to escape), influenced by Cockney rhyming slang Scapa Flow, to go. Scapa Flow is an area of water off the northern coast of Scotland, in the Orkney Islands. It was the main British naval base during WW I & II, known for the scuttling of the German fleet.

Usage
"I am indebted to the British welfare state; the very one that Mr Cameron would like to replace with charity handouts. When my life hit rock bottom, that safety net, threadbare though it had become under John Major's Government, was there to break the fall. I cannot help feeling, therefore, that it would have been contemptible to scarper for the West Indies at the first sniff of a seven-figure royalty cheque. This, if you like, is my notion of patriotism." — J.K. Rowling; The Single Mother's Manifesto; The Times (London, UK); Apr 14, 2010. www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/guest_contributors/article7096786.ece.


thread·bare (thrĕd'bâr'pronunciation
adj.
  1. Having the nap worn down so that the filling or warp threads show through; frayed or shabby: threadbare rugs.
  2. Wearing old, shabby clothing.
  3. Overused to the point of being worn out; hackneyed: threadbare excuses.
break someone's fall
to cushion a falling person; to lessen the impact of a falling person. When the little boy fell out of the window, the bushes broke his fall. The old lady slipped on the ice, but a snowbank broke her fall.


 frayed

adjective

  •  (of a fabric, rope, or cord) unraveled or worn at the edge:the frayed collar of her old coat
  •  (of a person’s nerves or temper) showing the effects of strain:an effort to soothe frayed nerves

reel

verb

  • 1 [with object] (reel something in) wind something on to a reel by turning the reel: sailplanes are often launched by means of a wire reeled in by a winch
  • bring in a fish attached to a line by turning a reel and winding in the line:he reeled in a good perch
  • 2 [no object] lose one’s balance and stagger or lurch violently:he punched Connolly in the ear, sending him reeling she reeled back against the van
  • [with adverbial of direction] walk in a staggering or lurching manner, especially while drunk:the two reeled out of the bar arm in arm
  • feel shocked, bewildered, or giddy:the Prime Minister was reeling from a savaging inflicted in the Commons the alcohol made my head reel
3 [no object] dance a reel.


go on (HAPPEN) phrasal verb
to happen:
I'm sure we never hear about a lot of what goes on in government.
This war has been going on for years.

goings-on Show phonetics
plural noun
strange, unusual, amusing or unsuitable events or activities:
There've been a lot of strange/odd goings-on in that house recently.
Follow up「跟摧」,「進度管理」、「成果檢討」。
施政楷先生文章中的一些詞用原文,表示當時還找不到好的或共通翻譯。譬如說,「follow-up是推行新制度的靈魂」。follow-up現在很多人採用「跟摧」。
其實,施先生先另外一篇「Systematic Approach是實施工業工程成功的保證」中採用「成果檢討」,也相當好,甚至更好。
(參考
劉振編『品質管制學名詞增訂版』(台北:中華民國品質管制學會,1979。日本翻譯為「進度管理」
劉振老師編的『施政楷先生品質管制遺作選集』(台北;中華民國民國品質管制學會,1983年))
英文的用法請參考:
follow sth up phrasal verb(USALSO follow up onsth)to find out more about something, or take further action connected withit:The idea sounded interesting and I decided to follow it up.Hedecided to follow up on his initial research and write abook.

follow-up noun[C]This meeting is a follow-up to the one we had last month. (fromCambridgeAdvanced Learner's Dictionary)

2006年12月西門子公司的財務醜聞--行賄等 之追蹤稽查
Siemens's CEO is hopeful a follow-up audit will reduce the financial scope of alleged fraud being investigated at the firm.

unravel
verb -ll- or US USUALLY -l-
1 [I or T] If a piece of woollen or woven cloth, a knot, or a mass of thread unravels, it separates into a single thread, and if you unravel it, you separate it into a single thread:
You'd better mend that hole before the whole sweater starts to unravel.
I had to unravel one of the sleeves because I realised I'd knitted it too small.

2 [I or T] If you unravel a mysterious, unknown or complicated subject, you make it known or understood, and if it unravels, it become known or understood:
We've got a long way to go before we unravel the secrets of genetics.

3 [I; T usually passive] If a process or achievement that was slow and complicated unravels or is unravelled, it is destroyed:
As talks between the leaders broke down, several months of careful diplomacy were unravelled.
unravel
ʌnˈrav(ə)l/
verb
past tense: unraveled; past participle: unraveled
  1. 1.
    undo (twisted, knitted, or woven threads).
    synonyms:untangledisentangle, straighten out, separate out, unsnarlunknot,unwinduntwistundountieunkink, unjumble
    "he cut the rope and started to unravel its strands"
  2. 2.
    investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling).

  3. "they were attempting to unravel the cause of death"

un・ravel


━━ vt. (もつれた糸などを)ほどく; 解明する, (物語の筋などを)解決させる; 〔話〕 破綻させる.
━━ vi. 解ける, ほどける.

smash-mouth

ADJECTIVE

North American informal
(Of a style of play in sport) aggressive and confrontational.


fodder
noun [U]
1 food that is given to cows, horses and other farm animals

2 people or things that are useful for the stated purpose:
Politicians are always good fodder for comedians (= they make jokes about them).
See cannon fodder.
loose cannon
n. Slang
One that is uncontrolled and therefore poses danger: "[His] bloopers in the White House seem to make him . . . a political loose cannon" (Tom Morgenthau).



blooper
(blū'pər) pronunciation
n.
  1. Informal. A clumsy mistake, especially one made in public; a faux pas.
  2. Baseball.
    1. A weakly hit ball that carries just beyond the infield.
    2. A high pitch that is lobbed to the batter.
[From BLOOP, a high-pitched howl on the radio caused by interference (of imitative origin), and imitative of the sound made by hitting a ball weakly.]

Loose cannon



Meaning

An unpredictable person or thing, liable to cause damage if not kept in check by others.

Origin

loose cannonBetween the 17th and 19th centuries wooden warships carried cannon as their primary offensive weapons. In order to avoid damage from their enormous recoil when fired they were mounted on rollers and secured with rope. A loose cannon was just what it sounds like, that is, a cannon that had become free of its restraints and was rolling dangerously about the deck.
As with many nautical phrases, the use of 'loose cannon' owes something to the imagination as no evidence has come to light to indicate that the phrase was used by sailors in the days that ships actually carried cannon. The imagination in question belonged to Victor Hugo who set the scene in the novel Ninety Three, 1874. A translation of the French original describes cannon being tossed about following a violent incident onboard ship:
"The carronade, hurled forward by the pitching, dashed into this knot of men, and crushed four at the first blow; then, flung back and shot out anew by the rolling, it cut in two a fifth poor fellow... The enormous cannon was left alone. She was given up to herself. She was her own mistress, and mistress of the vessel. She could do what she willed with both."
Henry Kingsley picked up this reference in his novel Number Seventeen, 1875, in which he made the first use of the term 'loose cannon' in English:
"At once, of course, the ship was in the trough of the sea, a more fearfully dangerous engine of destruction than Mr. Victor Hugo’s celebrated loose cannon."
The earliest figurative use of 'loose cannon' in print that I can find is from The Galveston Daily News, December 1889:
The negro vote in the south is a unit now mainly because it is opposed by the combined white vote. It would in no event become, as Mr. Grady once said, "a loose cannon in a storm-tossed ship."
The phrase might have dwindled into obscurity in the 20th century but for the intervention of the US president Theodore Roosevelt. William White was a noted US journalist and politician around the turn of the 20th century and was a close friend of Roosevelt. White's Autobiography, published soon after his death in 1944 contained the following reminiscence:
He [Roosevelt] said: "I don't want to be the old cannon loose on the deck in the storm".
As I suggested, nautical terms are rife with romanticism and another term in which items are imagined to be rolling about the deck of a sailing ship (incorrectly in this case) is 'cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey'.
See also - Nautical Phrases.

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