2016年10月20日 星期四

Doppelgänger 分身, Googleganger

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160712-you-are-surprisingly-likely-to-have-a-living-doppelganger?ocid=fbfut


How a Japanese Empress Inspired an American Literary Prince
By MOTOKO RICH
John Burnham Schwartz talks about his new novel, “The Commoner,” which is told from the point of view of a fictional doppelgänger for Empress Michiko of Japan.







How a Japanese Empress Inspired an American Literary Prince By MOTOKO RICH John Burnham Schwartz talks about his new novel, “The Commoner,” which is told from the point of view of a fictional doppelgänger for Empress Michiko of Japan.

doppelgänger

or doppelganger (dŏp'əl-găng'ər, -gĕng'-

━━ n. 生霊(いきりょう); 分身.

n.

A ghostly double of a living person, especially one that haunts its fleshly counterpart.
German, a double : doppel, double (from French double; see double) + Gänger, goer (from Gang, a going, from Middle High German ganc, from Old High German).

The coinage of the term Doppelgänger (commonly Anglicized as ‘doppelganger’) is not certain, but it was a sufficiently unfamiliar term for the writer Jean Paul Richter to have to gloss it in a footnote to his novel, Siebenkäs, of 1796. According to this founding definition Doppelgänger (literally ‘doublegoer’, by contrast with the German Einzelgänger, or loner) is the name given to ‘people who see themselves’. It seems, then, that there is uncertainty from the start as to whether the apparently original self or its alter ego is the double in question. This indicates the fundamental level at which the phenomenon challenges conventions of identity, by making the self see itself double (or, more precisely, see itself going double, as a duplicate body which may go its own way).


n.
A ghostly double of a living person, especially one that haunts its fleshly counterpart.
[German, a double : doppel, double (from French double; see double) + Gänger, goer (from Gang, a going, from Middle High German ganc, from Old High German).]

But what's a "Googleganger?"
A play on "doppelganger," the word is "a person with your name who shows up when you Google yourself," according to the society.

分身

[编辑首段]维基百科,自由的百科全书

分身德語Doppelgänger)本意是指某一生者在二地同時出現,由第三者目睹另一個自己的現象。該存在與本人長得一模一樣,但不限定為善或惡。
民間傳說當自己見到自己的分身,代表「其人壽命將盡」。在歷史記載上,據說美國第16屆總統亞伯拉罕·林肯芥川龍之介等名人曾經見過自己的分身。
另一種說法是:罹患腦癌病人喪失了自我認識的感覺,而會感受到好像有肉體以外的「另一個自己」存在。換句話說也可以想成是腦部發生某種功能障礙,死期將盡的人看到了分身,而出現「見到另一個自己的人將會不久於人世」這樣的說法。不過該說法仍然只是推測,因為有過「由第三者目擊到分身」的案例,與前述說法會有不合邏輯的部分。
總體而言,分身大抵上被視為神秘學的現象。

目录



[编辑] 其他

  • 台灣宗教人物宋七力據說有分身的神通能力。
  • 在網路上同時擁有的其他多個用戶帳號也被稱為分身
  • 維基百科用戶的附加帳號稱為傀儡
  • 傳說中忍者擁有製造多個分身的法術。

[编辑] 虛構作品

有關分身的題材經常在虛構作品中出現,其中有許多為了不良目的變身成特定人士或生物的描寫。

[编辑] 文學

<藍,或另一種藍> 山本文緒

[编辑] 電影


[编辑] 電視劇

  • 假面騎士KABUTO仮面ライダーカブト
    • 其中出現具有擬態成人類的能力的地球外生物Worm。
  • 假面騎士AGITO仮面ライダーアギト
    • 當天蠍座排列成十字架形狀時,天蠍座的人會目睹和自己長得一樣的人,原因不明地接連自殺。

[编辑] 動漫畫


[编辑] 遊戲

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