2016年4月4日 星期一

dip, dip into, the gulag, fissures, smooth sth over, take a dip/dive, gaijin, double dip



Swedish City of Kiruna Plans Massive Relocation
Ground Fissures Forcing Entire Town to Move Over Next Two Decades

With No New iPad, Tablet Market Takes a Dip

By BRIAN X. CHEN

Apple didn't release a new iPad in the first half of the year, as it usually does, and guess what happened? Sales of tablets worldwide took a dip.
Turkey Turns to Taksim
Michael Kimmelman examines why Istanbul's Taksim Square evolved into the urban fissure that is growing in Turkish society.

 Rights groups petition UN over North Korean gulags

  Travels in Siberia'

By IAN FRAZIER
Reviewed by JOSHUA HAMMER
A Siberian infatuation leads Ian Frazier to a road trip over hard-frozen water, a visit to Stalin's gulag and an icy dip in history.

Japan's immigration control


Gulag for gaijin 外人





Suspended accords highlight deep fissures in Turkey-Armenia relations With the current set of peace accords designed to restore relations between Armenia and Turkey suspended, the US faces a struggle to reopen negotiations to end the long-standing conflict in the strategic South Caucasus.


* The global recession is re-exposing fissures in United States-China relations that Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson spent more than two years smoothing over.




Last week, The Times’s Nina Bernstein reported on another shameful case of someone entering immigration detention, getting sick, and dying. This time it was Hiu Lui Ng, a computer engineer from China. He paid the ultimate price for overstaying a visa, and getting lost in a sprawling system that some have likened to a gulag.




“The Gulag Archipelago” was a book carried out of the camps “on the skin of my back”, to bear witness on behalf of everyone still inside. Its appearance, in 1973, immediately led to his expulsion from the Soviet Union. But his work was done. He had exposed the fissures in the system, a truth-telling that had begun, 11 years earlier during the Khrushchev thaw, with the publication in Novy Mir of “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich”.


Economic Signals Heighten Worries of a Double-Dip
The global economy is showing new signs of faltering while policy makers express rising alarm about their inability to agree on how to respond.



double dip 經濟二次衰退

smooth sth over phrasal verb [M]
to make problems, difficulties or disagreements less serious or easier to solve, usually by talking to the people involved:
Would you like me to try to smooth things over between you and your parents?

the gulag
noun [S]
severe work prisons for people found guilty of crimes against their country

fissure
Pronunciation: /ˈfɪʃə/

Definition of fissure
noun
  • 1 a long, narrow opening or line of breakage made by cracking or splitting, especially in rock or earth: the bacteria survive around vents or fissures in the deep ocean floor
  • Anatomy a long, narrow opening, e.g. any of the spaces separating convolutions of the brain.
  • 2 a state of incompatibility or disagreement:a fissure between philosophy and reality

verb

[with object] (usually as adjective fissured)
  • split or crack (something) to form a long, narrow opening:low cliffs of fissured Silurian rock

Origin:

late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin fissura, from findere 'to split'

fissure
noun [C]
a deep narrow crack in rock or the earth


take a dive

  • Boxing pretend to be knocked down or out.
  • (of prices, hopes, fortunes, etc.) fall suddenly:profits could take a dive as easily as they could soar


dip
v., dipped, dip·ping, dips. v.tr.
  1. To plunge briefly into a liquid, as in order to wet, coat, or saturate.
  2. To color or dye by immersing: dip Easter eggs.
  3. To immerse (a sheep or other animal) in a disinfectant solution.
  4. To form (a candle) by repeatedly immersing a wick in melted wax or tallow.
  5. To galvanize or plate (metal) by immersion.
  6. To scoop up by plunging the hand or a receptacle below the surface, as of a liquid; ladle: dip water out of a bucket.
  7. To lower and raise (a flag) in salute.
  8. To lower or drop (something) suddenly: dipped my head to avoid the branch.
  9. Slang. To pick the pockets of.
v.intr.
  1. To plunge into water or other liquid and come out quickly.
  2. To plunge the hand or a receptacle into liquid or a container, especially so as to take something up or out: I dipped into my pocket for some coins.
  3. To withdraw a small amount from a fund: We dipped into our savings.
  4. To drop down or sink out of sight suddenly: The sun dipped below the horizon.
  5. To drop suddenly before climbing. Used of an aircraft.
  6. To slope downward; decline: The road dipped.
  7. To decline slightly and usually temporarily: Sales dipped after Christmas.
  8. Geology. To lie at an angle to the horizontal plane, as a rock stratum or vein.
    1. To read here and there at random; browse: dipping into Chaucer.
    2. To investigate a subject superficially; dabble: dipped into psychology.
  9. Slang. To steal by picking pockets.
n.
  1. A brief plunge or immersion, especially a quick swim.
  2. A liquid into which something is dipped, as for dyeing or disinfecting.
  3. A savory creamy mixture into which crackers, raw vegetables, or other foods may be dipped.
  4. An amount taken up by dipping.
  5. A container for dipping.
  6. A candle made by repeated dipping in tallow or wax.
  7. A downward slope; a decline.
  8. A sharp downward course; a drop: a dip in prices.
  9. Geology. The downward inclination of a rock stratum or vein in reference to the plane of the horizon.
    1. Linguistics. A part of a phrase or sentence that is unstressed or less strongly stressed relative to surrounding words, as the words I and to in I have to go.
    2. Poetry. The unstressed portion of a metrical foot.
  10. Magnetic dip.
  11. A hollow or depression.
  12. Sports. A gymnastic exercise on the parallel bars in which the body is lowered by bending the elbows until the chin reaches the level of the bars and then is raised by straightening the arms.
  13. Slang. A pickpocket.
  14. Slang. A foolish or stupid person.
[Middle English dippen, from Old English dyppan.]
SYNONYMS dip, douse, duck, dunk. These verbs mean to immerse briefly into a liquid: dipped her hand into the basin; doused his head in the shower; playmates ducking each other in the pool; dunked his cookies in milk.

NO OBJECT] (dip into) Put a hand or implement into (a bag or container) in order to take something out:Ian dipped into his briefcase and pulled out a photograph
2.1Spend from or make use of (one’s financial resources):you won’t have to dip into your savings
2.2Read only parts of (a publication or document):a reference work to dip into time and time again



[動](〜ped or((古))dipt;〜・ping)(他)
1III[名]([副])]〈物を〉(液体などに)ちょっとつける[浸す], くぐらせる;〈手などを〉(中の物を取り出すために)(…に)入れる((in/into, in ...))
I dipped my hand in the cookie jar.
クッキー入れに手を突っ込んだ
The water looked cold, so I just dipped my foot in.
水が冷たそうだったので足をちょっとつけるだけにした.
2 〈物を〉(…から)くみ出す, すくい出す, すくい上げる((out of, from ...))
dip water (from a bucket)
(バケツから)水をくみ出す
dip sherbet from a container
シャーベットを容器からすくい取る.
3 ((英))〈ヘッドライトを〉下げて減光する(((米))dim);〈旗などを〉下げてまたすぐ上げる.
4 〈ろうそくを〉作る.
5 …を浸して染める;〈羊・豚などを〉消毒液に浸す
dip a cloth
布を浸して染める.
6 ((通例受身))((略式))借金する
be dipped
借金がある.
7 ((俗))〈人から〉金をする.
━━(自)
1I([副])](液体に)ちょっとつかる[浸る, もぐる]((into ...))
He dipped into the pool.
彼はプールにつかった.
2 (…に)(物を取ろうと)手を突っ込む;(貯金などに)手をつける((into ...))
dip into one's savings
蓄えに手をつける.
3 沈下する, 沈む;〈飛行機・鳥などが〉急降下する
The airplane dipped low over the lake.
飛行機は湖の上空で急降下した.
4 〈土地・道路などが〉下に傾く, 下り坂になる
The slope dips into the jungle.
斜面が密林に向かって下っている.
5 〈失業率・人気などが〉(…まで)わずか[一時的]に減少する((to ...))
Meat prices often dip in the fall.
肉の値段は秋に一時的に下がることがある.
6 (…を)ちょっとやってみる;(本を)拾い読みする((into ...))
dip into astrology
占星学をかじる.
dip in
(食事などの)自分の分け前を取る.
━━[名]
1 (…に)ちょっとつける[つかる, 浸す]こと((in, into ...));((略式))一泳ぎ
I am going to take a dip in the pool.
ちょっとプールで一泳ぎしてくる.
2 一すくい(の分量);一盛り;すくい上げられるもの
take a dip into one's drink
飲み物を一口飲む.
3 [C][U](染色などの)浸液;洗羊液.
4 瞬間的降下, (鳥・飛行機などの)急降下;(価格などの)一時的下落[低下]((in ...))
a dip in fruit prices
果物価格の一時的な下落.
5 下降, 下り坂;傾斜(度);くぼみ
the dip of the sun
日没
The road makes a dip.
道が下り坂になっている.
6 [C][U]ディップ:クラッカーなどにつけるクリーム状の味つけソース.
7 俯角(ふかく);伏角(magnetic dip).
8 (糸心)ろうそく.
9 ((俗))すり.
10 ((米話))ばか, まぬけ.
11 (本などを)ちょっとのぞくこと((into ...)).
at the dip
〈旗を〉(表敬のため)少し下げて, 半揚して.
[古英語dyppan (dēop深い+-an). △DEEP

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