2016年4月12日 星期二

champion, pledge, dispel animosity, demonisation, baleful, invidious, irritant, minatory, ill-omened, militant, wistful

One Hindu-nationalist wants to seal the border with Muslim-majority Bangladesh "so not even birds can fly across"

The tit-for-tat violence begins with a scramble for land, and political influence
ECON.ST

China’s demonisation of Japan is not only unfair; it is also risky. Governments that stoke up nationalist animosity cannot always control it http://econ.st/1WluedT



Herman Melville’s baleful creation is the most dangerous of villains, foreshadowing the dictators of the 20th century. Our latest Baddies in books blog


Baddies in books: Captain Ahab, the obsessive, revenge-driven nihilist


Herman Melville’s baleful creation is the most dangerous of villains, foreshadowing the dictators of the 20th century, says Chris Power
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 CHRIS POWER 上傳



Dalrymple, Theodore (Autumn 2009). "The Architect as Totalitarian: Le Corbusier’s baleful influence". City Journal 19 (4). Retrieved 2014-03-18.




The long economic slump in much of Europe is breeding animosity toward EU institutions, visible in opinion polls and in national politicians' growing tendency to blame the EU for high joblessness and budget strains.




2008.3.12
Given that Lennon had been particularly militant about leaving the Beatles in 1969, it might seem odd to learn that he did so wistfully. Not to Ms. Pang.

“Everybody changes,” she said. “With John things changed on a daily basis. It’s a question of time. Five years earlier was not the same situation. In 1974 he had just seen everyone. The friendship was still there. They were brothers. There was no animosity. And even though they all felt they had to break up to get to the next level of their musical careers, John had started this band that changed the world. It changed pop culture. It changed how we live and how we dress. And he knew that. So when he sat down to sign, he knew that this was it. His was the last signature. As he had started the group, he was the one to end it.”


champion, pledge, dispel animosity
When former Sprint-Nextel (S) CEO Gary Forsee accepted the position of president at the University of Missouri last fall, he knew that getting the faculty and administration on his side was crucial. "I came in early and wanted to dispel any animosity," Forsee says.




Members of PEN should at all times use what influence they have in favour of good understanding and mutual respect between nations; they pledge themselves to do their utmost to dispel race, class and national hatreds, and to champion the ideal of one humanity living in peace in one world.
三、凡筆會會員應經常運用其所有影響力,以促進各國間之諒解與互相尊重; 應保證盡其最大努力,以消除種族、階級、與國家間之一切仇恨,並支持大同世界共享和平之理想。


dispel
verb [T] -ll- remove fears, doubts and false ideas, usually by proving them wrong or unnecessary:
I'd like to start the speech by dispelling a few rumours that have been spreading recently.



champion(SUPPORT) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who enthusiastically supports, defends or fights for a person, belief, right or principle:
She has long been a champion of prisoners' rights/the disabled/free speech.

champion Show phonetics
verb [T]
He has championed constitutional reform for many years.

championship Show phonetics
noun [U]


An apparent ease or effortlessness of performance: “An athlete must learn to forget the details of his or her training to achieve the instinctive sense of flow that characterizes a champion” (Frederick Turner).


champion (WINNER) Show phonetics
noun [C] (INFORMAL champ)
someone or something, especially a person or animal, that has beaten all other competitors in a competition:
an Olympic champion
She is the world champion for the third year in succession.
The defending champion will play his first match of the tournament tomorrow.
Who are the reigning European football champions?

championship Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 a high-level competition to decide who is the best, especially in a sport:
the British Diving Championship
The world championships will be held in Scotland next year.
He has been playing championship tennis for three years now.

2 the position of being a champion:
She has held the championship for the past three years.



pledge Show phonetics
noun [C]
a serious or formal promise, especially one to give money or to be a friend, or something that you give as a sign that you will keep a promise:
[+ to infinitive] All the candidates have given/made pledges not to raise taxes if they are elected.
Thousands of people made pledges (= promised to give money) to the Children in Need charity campaign.
I give you this ring as a pledge of my everlasting love for you.

pledge Show phonetics
verb [T]
to make a serious or formal promise to give or do something:
We are asking people to pledge their support for our campaign.
If you join the armed forces, you have to pledge allegiance to your country.
So far, £50 000 has been pledged (= people have promised to pay this amount) in response to the appeal.
[+ to infinitive] Both sides have pledged to end the fighting.
I've been pledged to secrecy.

militant Show phonetics
adjective
active, determined and often willing to use force:
militant union extremists
The group has taken a militant position on the abortion issue and is refusing to compromise.

militant
noun [C]
Militants within the party are demanding radical reforms.
━━ a., n. 戦闘的な, 交戦中の; 好戦的な(人), 闘士.
 mil・i・tan・cy
() ━━ n. 好戦[戦闘]性; 交戦状態.


wistful Show phonetics

adj.
  1. Full of wishful yearning.
    adj. - 渴望的, 想望的
  2. Pensively sad; melancholy.
[From obsolete wistly, intently.]

adjective
sad and thinking about something that is impossible or in the past:
a wistful smile
I thought about those days in Spain and grew wistful.

wistfully
adverb
"I would love to go back to Venice, " he said wistfully.


animosity
noun [C or U] ━━ n. 激しい憎悪[敵意] ((against, toward)).
strong dislike, opposition or anger:
Of course we're competitive but there's no personal animosity between us.
In spite of his injuries, he bears no animosity towards his attackers.
The European Community helped France and Germany forget the old animosities between them.


Definition of animosity
noun (plural animosities)



  • strong hostility:he no longer felt any animosity toward her the animosity between the king and his brother the five decided to put aside their animosities

Origin:

late Middle English (originally in the sense 'spirit, courage'): from Old French animosité or late Latin animositas, from animosus 'spirited', from Latin animus 'spirit, mind'. The current sense dates from the early 17th century

minatory (adjective) Threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments.
Synonyms:menacing, ominous, sinister, baleful, forbidding
Usage:Number 3, Lauriston Gardens wore an ill-omened and minatory look.

baleful

Line breaks: bale|ful
Pronunciation: /ˈbeɪlfʊl, -f(ə)l/




adjective


Derivatives





balefully

adverb

balefulness
noun

minatory[min・a・to・ry]

  • 発音記号[mínətɔ`ːri | -təri]
[形]((形式))おどしの, 威嚇的な.
min・a・to・ri・ly
[副]


All About the Invidious Irritants That Irk Individuals

By ABIGAIL ZUGER, M.D.
From physics and psychology to aesthetics, genetics and even treatment for the miserably, terminally annoyed, a new book covers all the terrain.


irritant

[形](心を)刺激する, いらいらさせる, 〈薬などが〉刺激性の, ぴりぴりする.
━━[名]
1 刺激物, (心の)刺激剤.
2 《病理学・医学》刺激薬[剤].

invidious
(ĭn-vĭd'ē-əs) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Tending to rouse ill will, animosity, or resentment: invidious accusations.
  2. Containing or implying a slight; discriminatory: invidious distinctions.
  3. Envious.
[From Latin invidiōsus, envious, hostile, from invidia, envy. See envy.]
invidiously in·vid'i·ous·ly adv.
invidiousness in·vid'i·ous·ness n.

1 〈仕事・立場が〉人のねたみ(恨み)を買うような;ねたみをもった
an invidious position
人からねたまれる立場.
2 〈比較・選択が〉不公平な, 差別的な;不快な.

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