2016年5月14日 星期六

deluge, darken, obnubilate, vacate, evacuate






Flood, the:洪水;洪水滅世。又稱 Deluge(創六9;八14)。

del・uge



━━ n. 大洪水; 豪雨; 【聖】(the D-) ノア(Noah)の洪水; 殺到.

After me [us] the deluge. 〔ことわざ〕 あとは野となれ山となれ.




vacate

Pronunciation: /veɪˈkeɪt/  
 /vəˈkeɪt/  

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Leave (a place that one previously occupied):rooms must be vacated by noon on the last day of your holiday
1.1Give up (a position or employment):he vacated his office as Director
2Law Cancel or annul (a judgementcontract, or charge):the Justices vacated a ruling by the federal appeals court

Origin

Mid 17th century (as a legal term, also in the sense 'make ineffective'): from Latin vacat- 'left empty', from the verb vacare.


evacuate 

Pronunciation: /ɪˈvakjʊeɪt/ 

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Remove (someone) from a place of danger to a safer place:several families were evacuated from their homes
1.1Leave or cause the occupants to leave (a place of danger):fire alarms forced staff to evacuate the building[NO OBJECT]: nearly five million had to evacuate because of air terror
1.2(Of troops) withdraw from (a place):the last British troops evacuated the Canal Zone
2technical Remove air, water, or other contents from (a container):when it springs a leak, evacuate the pond
2.1Empty (the bowels or another bodily organ):patients evacuated their bowels before dialysis
2.2Discharge (faeces or other matter) from the body:the bowel functions to evacuate solid waste products

Derivatives

evacuator

NOUN

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense 'clear the contents of'): from Latin evacuat- '(of the bowels) emptied', from the verb evacuare, from e- (variant of ex-) 'out of' + vacuus 'empty'.


darken[dark・en]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[dɑ'ːrkən]
  •  
[動](他)
1 …を暗くする;〈色を〉薄黒くする, 黒ずませる
The stage was darkened.
舞台が暗くなった.
2 …をぼんやりさせる, あいまいにする.
3 …を陰うつ[陰気]にする, 〈心を〉暗くする, 憂うつにする.
4 …の目を見えなくする, 視力を奪う.
━━(自)
1 暗くなる;〈色が〉黒ずむ
The sky darkened.
空が暗くなった.
2 ぼんやりしてくる, はっきりしなくなる.
3 〈心が〉(怒りなどで)憂うつ[陰気]になる.
darken a person's door
((ふつう否定文))人の家の敷居をまたぐ, 人の家を訪問する.


obnubilate

(ob-NOO-buh-layt, -NYOO-) pronunciation


verb tr.: To cloud over, obscure, or darken.

Etymology
From Latin obnubilare (to darken or obscure), from ob- (in the way) +nubilare (to be cloudy), from nubes (cloud). The word nuance is alsoa derivative of nubes.

Usage
"In the room which Monsieur [Jacques Parizeau] vacated so suddenly, the 'body odour of race', to quote Montreal poet A.M. Klein, will continue to obnubilate until a window breaks." — Peter Reimann; Monsieur's Lapse; The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada); Nov 3, 1995.


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