2016年10月7日 星期五

tumble, tumble dryer, tumbler, augur, augur well, auger, portent


More than four million Whirlpool tumble dryers, sold under the Hotpoint, Indesit and Creda ...
"Unplug it, don't use it." - that's the advice from the London Fire Brigade after a Whirlpool tumble dryer was found to be the cause of a flat fire in London.
There are millions of Whirlpool machines in UK homes branded as Creda, Hotpoint and Indesit.

Thursday's transaction may portend more consolidation, as asset management firms try to cope with the damage caused by recent market volatility.


Conoco's $31.76 Billion Loss Augurs More Oil-Industry Pain
ConocoPhillips reported a massive fourth-quarter loss amid slumping energy markets. Revenue fell 16% to $44.5 billion.


Google, Microsoft augur tougher times ahead
Reuters - USAGoogle’s second quarter earnings disappointed Wall Street yesterday and sent its shares tumbling. The search giant blamed lower returns from managing its ...


Images for tumbler cups
tumbler

Flat-bottomed glassware and drinkware without a handle, foot, or stem (see also shot glass and old fashioned glass)

augur 
verb [I + adverb or preposition; T] FORMAL
to be a sign of especially good or bad things in the future:
The company's sales figures for the first six months augur well for the rest of the year.
Do you think that this recent ministerial announcement augurs (= is a sign of) a shift in government policy?

augury
noun FORMAL
1 [C] a sign of what might happen in the future:
These sales figures are a good augury for another profitable year.

2 [U] the skill of knowing what will happen in the future:
His remarkable recovery defied all medical augury.

VERB

  • 1[no object, with adverbial] Fall suddenly, clumsily, or headlong.
    ‘she pitched forward, tumbling down the remaining stairs’
    1. 1.1Move or rush in a headlong or uncontrolled way.
      ‘police and dogs tumbled from the vehicle’
    2. 1.2[with object]Rumple; disarrange.
      ‘his tumbled bedclothes’
  • 2[no object] Perform acrobatic feats, typically handsprings and somersaults in the air.
    1. 2.1(of a breed of pigeon) repeatedly turn over backwards in flight.
  • 3Fall rapidly in amount or value.
    ‘property prices tumbled’
  • 4[with object] Dry (washing) in a tumble dryer.
    ‘the machine gentle tumbles the clothes in cool air for ten minutes’
  • 5informal [no object] Understand the meaning or hidden implication of (a situation)
    ‘she'll ring again as soon as she tumbles to what she's done’
  • 6informal [with object] Have sexual intercourse with.
    ‘he was tumbling a strange woman’
  • 7[with object] Clean (castings, gemstones, etc.) in a tumbling barrel.
tumble verb [I]
1 to fall quickly and without control:
I lost my footing and tumbled down the stairs.
At any moment the whole building could tumble down.
He lost his balance and tumbled over.
See also tumbledown.

2 to fall greatly in value in a short time:
Share prices tumbled yesterday.

3 to move in an uncontrolled way, as if falling or likely to fall:
An excited group of children tumbled out of school/the bus.

tumble 
noun [C]
when someone falls:
She had a nasty tumble on her way to work and grazed her arm.

tumble dryer

portent
n.
  1. An indication of something important or calamitous about to occur; an omen.
  2. Prophetic or threatening significance: signs full of portent.
  3. Something amazing or marvelous; a prodigy.
[Latin portentum, from neuter past participle of portendere, to portend. See portend.]

au・ger



 ━━ n. 大錐(おおぎり), らせん錐.

Augur well

Meaning
To foreshadow a successful outcome, indicated by some circumstance or event.
Origin
As you might expect of someone who writes this stuff, I like crosswords. A clue that I came across recently was 'Soothsayer with a noisy implement'. Those of you who are familiar with the arcane rules of cryptic crosswords may have deduced that the answer to this is 'augur'. For those of you who aren't crossword aficionados, an augur is a fortune teller and an auger is a carpenter's tool - the 'noisy' keyword usually translates as 'sounds like' and clearly, 'augur' sounds like 'auger'.
Augur wellTo be more specific about augers and augurs, an auger is the 'bit' part of a carpenter's brace and bit, i.e. a drill. An augur was a Roman official with the job of predicting the future and advising on public policy. That might sound like a difficult task but, in practice, the augurs just had to look mysterious and feign the experience of receiving omens arising from the flight of birds or the appearance of the entrails of sacrificial victims, etc. - no doubt to the accompaniment of a good deal of toga flapping and rolling of eyes.
Of course, 'auguring well' has nothing to do with drilling neat holes but derives from the Roman augur's prediction of a good outcome as the consequence of some portent. Similarly, 'to augur badly' didn't mean 'to make an inaccurate prediction' but 'to predict a bad event'.
The phrase 'augur well' isn't a translation from Latin but originated, in the late 18th century, amongst the classically educated English elite. The first record of it that I have found is from a speech to the UK Parliament, given by the Duke of Richmond and published in the Parliamentary Register for 1778:
"I augur well from the readiness with which it [his request for papers about the movements of British forces] has been granted."
'Augur well' has much in common with 'bode well', which is also of ancient vintage and means much the same thing. A bode was a herald or messenger and was referred to thus as early as circa 888AD in King Alfred's Boethius De consolatione philosophiae. Like 'augur', 'bode' also had to wait until the 18th century to become absorbed into a common phrase. The first known use of 'bode well' comes from John Dryden's Works, circa 1700:
"Whatever now The omen proved, it boded well to you."

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