2016年10月18日 星期二

persuade, persuasive, browbeat, suasive, suasion, incisive voice, persuasions and conditions

Silicon Valley’s most successful tech companies use the insights of behaviour design to keep us returning to their products. Their techniques are increasingly manipulative. From The Economist’s 1843 magazine

People of many persuasions and conditions admired him.

Food must have perceived quality, perceived health benefits. ''People don't want to be browbeaten about nutrition,'' he added.

Nobel to Lessing, Incisive Voice of Women’s Fate 
Doris Lessing, the Persian-born, Rhodesian-raised and London-residing novelist whose deeply autobiographical writing has swept across continents and reflects her engagement with the social and political issues of her time, yesterday won the 2007 Nobel Prize in Literature.

expressing an idea or opinion in a clear and persuasive way:
incisive questions/comments

━━ n. 約束, 契約; 婚約 ((to)); 用事, 用務; 雇い入れ; 雇用期間; 職業; (pl.) 債務; 交戦; 【機】かみ合い.
 without engagement 【法】再販売価格が設定されていない[されずに], 定価販売契約なしの[で].
engagement party 婚約披露パーティ.
engagement ring 婚約指輪.

verb [T] browbeatbrowbeaten
to try to force someone to do something by threatening them or using strong and unfair persuasion:恫嚇
Don't be browbeaten into working more hours than you want.


  1. The act of persuading or the state of being persuaded: “The persuasion of a democracy to big changes is at best a slow process” (Harold J. Laski).
  2. The ability or power to persuade: “Three foremost aids to persuasion which occur to me are humility, concentration, and gusto” (Marianne Moore).
  3. A strongly held opinion; a conviction. See synonyms at opinion.
    1. A body of religious beliefs; a religion: worshipers of various persuasions.
    2. A party, faction, or group holding to a particular set of ideas or beliefs.
  4. Informal. Kind; sort: “the place where … rockers of any gender or persuasion can become megastars” (Christopher John Farley).
n. - 説得, 説得力, 確信, 信念, 信仰, 宗派

con·di·tion (kən-dĭsh'ən)
  1. A mode or state of being: The Organization Man survives as a modern classic because it captures a permanent part of our social condition” (Robert J. Samuelson). See synonyms at state.
    1. A state of health.
    2. A state of readiness or physical fitness.
  2. A disease or physical ailment: a heart condition.
  3. Social position; rank.
  4. One that is indispensable to the appearance or occurrence of another; prerequisite: Compatibility is a condition of a successful marriage.
  5. One that restricts or modifies another; a qualification.
  6. conditions Existing circumstances: Conditions in the office made concentration impossible.
  7. Grammar. The dependent clause of a conditional sentence; protasis.
  8. Logic. A proposition on which another proposition depends; the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
  9. Law.
    1. A provision making the effect of a legal instrument contingent on the occurrence of an uncertain future event.
    2. The event itself.
  10. An unsatisfactory grade given to a student, serving notice that deficiencies can be made up by the completion of additional work.
  11. Obsolete. Disposition; temperament.

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 状態, 健康状態, 状況, 社会的身分, 境遇, 条件, 病気, 身分
v. - 調子を整える, 適当な状態にする, 左右する, 条件となる, 適応させる, …するようしつける, 検査する

Poetry in Japan is universal as the air. It is felt by everybody. It is read by everybody. It is composed by almost everybody,--irrespective of class and condition. Nor is it thus ubiquitous in the mental atmosphere only: it is everywhere to be heard by the ear, and seen by the eye!".......1921年5月10日《小說月報》第十二卷第五號刊登了周作人的長篇論文〈日本的詩歌〉。他系統地介紹了日本詩歌的諸種形式,長歌、短歌、旋頭歌、連歌、俳句、川柳。這在中國恐怕還是第一次。論文的一開頭,他引用了小泉八雲《靈的日本》中的一段話19
這是" Bits of Poetry "的一節。周作人直譯做「詩片」。周的譯文省略了" irrespective of class and condition"、" Nor is it thus ubiquitous in the mental atmosphere only "兩句,扼要地概述了小泉八雲的原文....."

(swā'sĭv) pronunciation
Having the power to persuade or convince; persuasive.

[Latin suāsus, past participle of suādēre, to advise; see suasion + -IVE.]

[名][U]((形式))勧告, 説得(persuasion)
moral suasion

suasively sua'sive·ly adv.
suasiveness sua'sive·ness n.n.

Persuasion: moral suasion.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin suāsiō, suāsiōn-, from suāsus, past participle of suādēre, to advise.]

(pər-swād') pronunciation
tr.v., -suad·ed, -suad·ing, -suades.
To induce to undertake a course of action or embrace a point of view by means of argument, reasoning, or entreaty: "to make children fit to live in a society by persuading them to learn and accept its codes" (Alan W. Watts). See Usage Note at convince.
[Latin persuādēre : per-, per- + suādēre, to urge.]
persuadable per·suad'a·ble adj.
persuader per·suad'er n.
SYNONYMS persuade, induce, prevail, convince. These verbs mean to succeed in causing a person to do or consent to something. Persuade means to win someone over, as by reasoning or personal forcefulness: Nothing could persuade her to change her mind. To induce is to lead, as to a course of action, by means of influence or persuasion: "Pray what could induce him to commit so rash an action?" (Oliver Goldsmith). One prevails on somebody who resists: "He had prevailed upon the king to spare them" (Daniel Defoe). To convince is to persuade by the use of argument or evidence: The sales clerk convinced me that the car was worth the price.