2016年10月8日 星期六

fandom, trilogy, monogram, Wonder Woman

Pondering the Ultimate Sky Box

"She's strong, she doesn't need a man, she's powerful."

As the launch of the upcoming film coincides with the heroine's Comic-Con fandom, Wonder Woman appears to be hooking new fans for the same…

Major League Baseball has authorized the use of team logos on a line of funeral caskets for people who want to carry their fandom unto eternity.

 We could tell that the sweatshirt belonged to someone on that team because it had a monogram embroidered on it.


━━ n. 組合せ文字 ((氏名の頭文字の)).n. - 字母組合

IN BRIEF: Initials put together in a design and used on clothing or stationery.

Originally a cipher consisting of a single letter, later a design or mark consisting of two or more letters intertwined. The letters thus interlaced may be either all the letters of a name or the initial letters of the given names and surname of a person for use on notepaper, seals, or elsewhere. Many early Greek and Roman coins bear the monograms of rulers or towns. Most famous is the sacred monogram, which is formed by the conjunction of the first two Greek letters of CRISTOS (Christ), usually with the a (alpha) and w (omega) of the Apocalypse on each side of it.

The Middle Ages were extremely prolific in inventing ciphers for ecclesiastical, artistic, and commercial use.

Related devices are the colophons used for identification by publishers and printers, the hallmarks of goldsmiths and silversmiths, and the logos adopted by corporations.

 Lord of the Rings is mistakenly called a trilogy when is really part one of The Fellowship of the Ring by JRR Tolkien.


IN BRIEF: A set of three literary or dramatic works related in subject or theme.

trilogy, a group of three connected plays or novels. Ancient Greek tragedies were presented at Athenian festivals in groups of three, but the Oresteia of Aeschylus is the only such trilogy to have survived. Shakespeare's Henry VI is a later dramatic example. There are several examples in modern prose fiction, including Samuel Beckett's trilogy of novels, Molloy (1950), Malone Meurt (Malone Dies, 1951), and L'Innommable (The Unnamable, 1952).
[Greek trilogiā, series of three related tragedies : tri-, tri- + logos, word, saying; see –logy.]

The Chi-Rho, a monogram of the first two letters in the Greek word for Christ

'E and L' embroider for clothes and bedding, for a wife by the initials E L or L E
monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol. Monograms are often made by combining the initials of an individual or a company, and may be used as recognizable symbols or logos. A series of uncombined initials, such as "TCM", is properly referred to as a cypher and is not, strictly speaking, a monogram, although ciphers are frequently referred to as monograms.
A monogram may have signed the sometimes artistic products (sculptures, pieces of furniture, etc) of craftsmen, especially when the guilds enforced measures against unauthorized participation to the trade.
An individual's monogram is often a very fancy piece of art for adorning luggage, clothing, and so forth.
Monograms of the names of monarchs are used as part of the insignia of public organizations in kingdoms, such as on police badges. This indicates a connection to the ruler.
Some monograms, like the interrobang, are not used for companies. These, rather, are used as letters, punctuation, and the like.


Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, freedom, etc.) is a term used to refer to a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of sympathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest. A fandom can grow up centered around any area of human interest or activity. The subject of fan interest can be narrowly defined, focused on something like an individual celebrity; or wide, encompassing entire hobbies, genres or fashions. Fandom as a term can also be used in a broad sense to refer to an interconnected social network of individual fandoms, many of which overlap. While it is now used to apply to groups of people fascinated with any subject, the term has its roots in those with an enthusiastic appreciation for sports. The Webster's Dictionary traces the usage of the term back as far as 1903.[1]

(fandom)とは、趣味アニメ漫画小説スポーツなどの分野の熱心なファンによって形成されたサブカルチャーである。語源は英語fandomである。オックスフォード英語辞典によるとfandomという英単語が使用されたことが確認できたもので一番古いものは1903年であり、それはスポーツを興味の対象とするfandomだった。ファンダムは人の集団を指す言葉ではなく、ある文化を指す抽象的な言葉である。fandomという言葉は、ファンを意味する英語の fan の後ろに dom という接尾辞が付いたことにより成り立っている。dom という接尾辞が 付いている英単語の例として、freedom(free + dom)、wisdom(wise + dom)、kingdom(king + dom)などがある。freedom、wisdom、kingdomのいずれも、人または人の集団を指す言葉でない。日本ではfandomがfanと kingdomのかばん語であると誤解する日本人がいるが、英語の語学力の不足による誤解である。また、ファンを集合的にfandomと呼ぶと誤解している日本人がいるが、fandomは人を指す言葉ではない。