2016年4月4日 星期一

predecessors in genius, jinn, codex, mutiny, capital-gains tax

"Xi’s approach has been harsher toward North Korea than that of his predecessors," write Robert D. Blackwill and Kurt M. Campbell. Here's what else the world can expect from a China under Xi:

The Catholic Church’s new leader has begun his first full day as Pope Francis by praying at Rome's main basilica. Vatican sources said he would visit his predecessor, Benedict, outside Rome.

Lower costs on some parts let Apple keep its overall component expenses for the iPhone 5 just slightly higher than those for its predecessor.

Now come signs of poor communication between Mr Ma and his lawmakers, and even mutiny. In opposition motions over American beef, for instance, KMT parliamentarians have absented themselves or abstained from voting, and a crucial vote over Mr Ma’s beef plans scraped through in April by a single vote. KMT lawmakers also defied Mr Ma in early May by refusing to put his plans for a capital-gains tax on the legislative agenda. They eventually did so after Mr Ma persuaded them that the plans would make society more equitable. Antonio Chiang, a prominent columnist, says that these days senior KMT members read the newspapers to find out what Mr Ma is planning.

two predecessors in genius

City of Djinns (1994) is a travelogue by William Dalrymple about the historical capital of India, Delhi. It is his second book, and culminated as a result of his six-year stay in New Delhi.
City of Djinns was the first product of Dalrymple’s love affair with India, centring on Delhi, a city with ‘a bottomless seam of stories’. Shaped more like a novel than a travel book, he and his wife encounter a teeming cast of characters: his Sikh landlady, taxi drivers, customs officials, and British survivors of the Raj, as well as whirling dervishes and eunuch dancers (‘a strange mix of piety and bawdiness’). Dalrymple describes ancient ruins and the experience of living in the modern city: he goes in search of the history behind the epic stories of the Mahabharata. Still more seriously, he finds evidence of the city’s violent past and present day - the 1857 mutiny against British rule (anticipating The Last Mughal); the Partition massacres in 1947; and the riots after the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984.
The book followed his established style of historical digressions, tied in with contemporary events and a multitude of anecdotes.

jinni (jĭnē'), feminine jinniyah (jĭnēyä'), plural jinn (jĭn), in Arabic and Islamic folklore, spirit or demon endowed with supernatural power. In ancient belief the jinn were associated with the destructive forces of nature. In Islamic tradition they were corporeal spirits similar to men in appearance but having certain supernatural powers, especially those of changing in size and shape. Capable of both good and evil, the jinn were popular in literatures of the Middle East, notably in the stories of the Thousand and One Nights. The term genie is the English form and is sometimes confused with the Roman genius.

Symptoms of a Sick Hospital
Express Healthcare Management
Peter Drucker said, 'No institution can possibly survive if it needs geniuses or supermen to manage it. It must be organised in such a way as to be able to ...

Codex Report, 38th Session
Summary, 38th Session, Codex Committee on Food Additives (CCFA) and Meeting of
Codex Committee on Contaminants in Food (CCCF)



Spectrum | 24.09.2008 | 00:30

The Archimedes Codex

On October 29th, 1998 an American multimillionaire, a mysterious “Mr. B”, paid 2.2 million dollars for a small book from the tenth century. This Archimedes Codex, as it is known, was and still is regarded as the most important scientific manuscript that has ever come to auction.

It is, amongst others, the only source of two treatises of the Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse. Among scientists Archimedes is revered as a genius. Lay people think of him as the eccentric who jumped out of his bathtub after some brilliant insight, ran out into the street – stark naked – and yelled “eureka, eureka”. Naturally, none of the above – from the bathtub to the yelling – is proven, historical fact.
Now, ten years later, almost all of the Archimedes Codex has been transcribed and will be made available to scientists worldwide.
Madeleine Amberger reports.

In His Emphasis on Economy, Obama Is Looking to History
Barack Obama is drawing on techniques from his campaign and lessons from predecessors as he seeks to shape public attitudes about the economic downturn.

Tiananmen Now Seems Distant to China’s Students By SHARON LaFRANIERE
Disinclined to protest, students also lack the economic grievances that motivated their predecessors in 1989.

noun [C]
someone who had a job or a position before someone else, or something which comes before another thing in time or in a series:
My predecessor worked in this job for twelve years.
The latest Ferrari is not only faster than its predecessors but also more comfortable.


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[prédəsèsər | príː-]

1 前任者, 先輩(⇔successor).
2 前にあった[使われた]物, (以)前の物, 前身.
3 ((古))先祖.


an ancient book which was written by hand
━━ n. (pl. co・di・ces ) 古写本 ((特に聖書の)).

n., pl., -ius·es.
    1. Extraordinary intellectual and creative power.
    2. A person of extraordinary intellect and talent: "One is not born a genius, one becomes a genius" (Simone de Beauvoir).
    3. A person who has an exceptionally high intelligence quotient, typically above 140.
    1. A strong natural talent, aptitude, or inclination: has a genius for choosing the right words.
    2. One who has such a talent or inclination: a genius at diplomacy.
  1. The prevailing spirit or distinctive character, as of a place, a person, or an era: the genius of Elizabethan England.
  2. pl., ge·ni·i ('nē-ī'). Roman Mythology. A tutelary deity or guardian spirit of a person or place.
  3. A person who has great influence over another.
  4. A jinni in Muslim mythology.
[Middle English, guardian spirit, from Latin.]


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[mjúːtəni]
1 (特に海員・兵士などの上官に対する)反抗, 反乱.
2 反抗, 反逆, 暴動.
━━[動](自)(…に)暴動[反乱]を起こす((against ...)).
[中フランス語mutiner. ラテン語movere(動かす)とも同系. △MOVE