It is trouble that China's Communist Party is increasingly ill-prepared to deal with. For all Mr Hu's rhetoric about greater internal democracy, the party is too fearful for its own survival to open itself up to a genuine clash of ideas. Although a few brave voices have called for that (see article), there has been no open debate in the run-up to the congress about how to address any of China's pressing rural problems. To add to their burdens, China's peasants are saddled with a ruling party that is too worried about its own survival to spend more than a little lip-service on theirs.
12. J.J. Sullivan, “Japanese Management Philosophies: From the Vacuous to the Brilliant,” California Management Review 34, no. 2 (
lip (SPEECH) Show phonetics
noun [U] INFORMAL
when someone argues in a rude way or in a way the shows a lack of respect:
That's enough of your lip, young lady!
lip service noun
pay lip service to sth to say that you agree with something but do nothing to support it:
She claims to be in favour of training, but so far she's only paid lip service to the idea.
lip service から世辞, 口先だけの親切. (只是口頭上的親切關心而已)
- The art or study of using language effectively and persuasively.
- A treatise or book discussing this art.
- Skill in using language effectively and persuasively.
- A style of speaking or writing, especially the language of a particular subject: fiery political rhetoric.
- Language that is elaborate, pretentious, insincere, or intellectually vacuous: His offers of compromise were mere rhetoric.
- Verbal communication; discourse.
[Middle English rethorik, from Old French rethorique, from Latin rhētoricē, rhētorica, from Greek rhētorikē (tekhnē), rhetorical (art), feminine of rhētorikos, rhetorical, from rhētōr, rhetor. See rhetor.]vac·u·ous (văk'yū-əs)
- Devoid of matter; empty.
- Lacking intelligence; stupid.
- Devoid of substance or meaning; inane: a vacuous comment.
- Devoid of expression; vacant: "The narrow, swinelike eyes were open, no more vacuous in death than they had been in life" (Nicholas Proffitt).
- Lacking serious purpose or occupation; idle. See synonyms at empty.
[From Latin vacuus, empty. See vacuum.]vacuously vac'u·ous·ly adv.
vacuousness vac'u·ous·ness n.
n., pl., -gies.
- Needless repetition of the same sense in different words; redundancy.
- An instance of such repetition.
- Logic. An empty or vacuous statement composed of simpler statements in a fashion that makes it logically true whether the simpler statements are factually true or false; for example, the statement Either it will rain tomorrow or it will not rain tomorrow.
[Late Latin tautologia, from Greek tautologiā, from tautologos, redundant : tauto-, tauto- + logos, saying; see -logy.]
1 （不必要な）類語反復, トートロジー(redundancy)；[C]類語反復の例（widow womanなど）.
tautologically tau'to·log'i·cal·ly adv.
A scientific name in which the generic and the specific names are the same, as Chloris chloris (the greenfinch).
Greek tautxnymos of the same name, equiv. to tauto- + -nymos named.
"... the name of the Bank Swallow becomes the tautonym Riparia riparia ...." — Elliott Coues, 100 years ago in the Auk: Notes on generic names of certain Swallows, The Auk, 1 Jul 1998.
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