2016年10月1日 星期六

binding, non-binding, suasion, deliberative, underlying fundamentals, fundamentally

Breast Cancer Screening Policy Won’t Change, U.S. Officials Say
By KEVIN SACK and GINA KOLATA
The White House emphasized that the new screening standards were not binding on either physicians or insurers.



In 1999, local governments in Niigata and Nagano prefectures along with the central government set up a deliberative council to study the effects of water usage on the ecosystem over a 10-year period.

In days gone by the Bank of England knew how to step in and help ailing banks. The London Approach came to the fore in the 1970s when the secondary bank market faced collapse. The Bank was able to work with other banks to organize rescues and bailouts. No direct interference occurred but suasion and negotiation were mobilized to forge action.

27 Nov 2000 ... What is the London Approach. • set of NON BINDING principles to guide. debt restructuring process. • Initially designed by Bank of England ..「倫敦模式(London Approach)」起源於1970年代,當時英國國內除了經濟衰退,失業率也居高不下,企業處境維艱,還款出現問題,同樣也面臨銀行雨天收傘。
當時英國由英格蘭銀行(英國央行)出面主導,與債權最多的主要銀行(leading bank)商討,是否該救這家企業,或是要用何種方式救。劉憶如解釋,這種模式跳脫法律冗長的時程,等同「在法律外的解決方式」,並無書面的文字準則。



Name of Product: Sketchbooks with Colored Spirals
Hazard: The paint on the sketchbooks'colored spiral metal bindings contains excessive levels of lead violating the federal lead paint standard.

Yahoo shares recently rose 3.1% to $13.83Microsoft shares added 17 cents to $17.13.
Jonathan Miller, the former head of AOL who now runs venture capital firm Velocity Investment Group, said he sees a wave of consolidation coming in Internet media.
"I don't know how anyone competes with Google on their own. There has to be consolidation in this space," Miller said. "Google continues to fundamentally gain share, and everyone else continues to fundamentally lose share."





The data indicate "continuing deterioration in the underlying fundamentals," Qing Wang, an economist at Morgan Stanley in Hong Kong, said in a note.


fundamental
adjective
forming the base, from which everything else originates; more important than anything else:
We need to make fundamental changes to the way in which we treat our environment.
It's one of the fundamental differences between men and women.
The school is based on the fundamental principle that each child should develop its full potential.
Diversity is of fundamental importance to all ecosystems and all economies.
Some understanding of grammar is fundamental to learning a language.

fundamentally
adverb
Our new managing director has reorganized the company a bit, but nothing has fundamentally changed/altered (= its basic character has not changed).
I still believe that people are fundamentally (= in a basic and important way) good.
I disagree fundamentally (= in every way that is important) with what you're saying.

fundamentals 
plural noun
the main or most important rules or parts:
It's important for children to be taught the fundamentals of science.



underlie
verb [T] underlyingunderlayunderlain
to be a hidden cause of or strong influence on something:
Psychological problems very often underlie apparently physical disorders.

underlying 
adjective [before noun]
real but not immediately obvious:
And what might be the underlying significance of these supposedly random acts of violence?

suasion
n.

Persuasion: moral suasion.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin suāsiō, suāsiōn-, from suāsus, past participle of suādēre, to advise.]


bind・ing
━━ a., n. しばる, くくる(こと,物); 表紙; 束縛(する) ((on, upon)); 義務づける; 製本; 包帯; 縁取りの材料; (スキー靴を固定する)ビンディング.



binding Show phonetics
adjective(especially of an agreement) which cannot be legally avoided or stopped:
a binding agreement
The contract wasn't legally binding.


A non-binding resolution is a written motion adopted by a deliberative body that cannot progress into a law. The substance of the resolution can be anything that can normally be proposed as a motion.
This type of resolution is often used to express the body's approval or disapproval of something which they cannot otherwise vote on,[1] due to the matter being handled by another jurisdiction, or being protected by a constitution. An example would be a resolution of support for a nation's troops in battle, which carries no legal weight, but is adopted for moral support.


de・lib・er・ate



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━━ v. 熟考する; 協議[論議]する.
━━ a. 熟考した, 慎重な; ゆうゆうとした; 故意の, わざとの.
de・lib・er・ate・ly ━━ ad. 故意に; 熟考して, 慎重に; ゆっくりと.
de・lib・er・ate・ness ━━ n.
de・lib・er・a・tion ━━ n. 熟考; 審議; 慎重.
de・lib・er・a・tive
 ━━ a. 慎重な; 審議の(ための).
de・lib・er・a・tive・ly ad.

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