2016年8月20日 星期六

lasting, resilient, confab/confabulate, perennial, longer-lasting, long-standing, break with sth



Why don’t they see this as a problem? From September 19 through 21, hundreds of corporate executives, foreign dignitaries and celebrities who have each paid a $20,000 membership fee will hobnob with Bill and Chelsea Clinton at this year’s meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative – the sprawling global charity that has accepted donations from Middle Eastern governments, foreign businessmen with checkered histories, and major corporations with business before the government.
The event comes just one week before the first national debate between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump and seven weeks before Election Day.
The Clintons plan to sever all ties to the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton Global Initiative if Hillary becomes president. But why wait? Why risk giving Trump fresh ammunition to criticize Hillary for her ties to big money from around the world? Yes, she has a comfortable lead over Trump, but why take any risk?
What do you think?


They fear the glitzy confab will provide fresh ammunition to Republicans, a week before the first debate between Clinton and Trump.
POLITICO.COM

Some of the people whose lives were chronicled in The Times this year sought fame. Others were surprised by it. But all left a lasting impact.


There is a good case for optimism about Spain’s economy; it may finally be on the road to recovery. Yet the country dearly needs to fix a problem it shares with Italy and Portugal: a lack of medium-to-large firms. The average Spanish firm has just 4.7 employees, down from 5.1 in 2008. Only 0.8% of companies have more than 50 workers. Larger firms mean more jobs, and a more resilient economy. Spain needs its businesses to think big http://econ.st/18l1NIU

At Confab, Debate Over Bubble or Boom
Tech executives at the D9 conference declared the current frothiness as the early days of another Internet boom—but not the peak of a bubble.

Tumult in Tech Supply Chain May Be Long-Lasting
The Asia technology supply chain has long proved resilient, but the March earthquake and tsunami in Japan may have longer-lasting effects, says an Acer executive.
long-lasting ,long-standing, perennial, break with sth

The Swiss government said it will cooperate on cases of international tax evasion, breaking with a longstanding tradition.



from Front Matter: "... PREFACE lx
...would have been troublesome to the reader and perennial embarrassment to the author. Dr. Tore Dalenius of Stockholm ..."


Though the current economic slump is predicted to be long-lasting, Fast Retailing has set a goal of increasing sales 1.7-fold to 1 trillion yen in the next two years.



Apple is making changes to its iTunes Store that represent significant shifts in its longstanding approach to the business of selling songs online.





break with sth phrasal verb
to intentionally not continue doing something that is normal, expected or traditional:
We decided to break with tradition and not spend Christmas with our family.
The country's leadership is determined to break with past practices and to solve urgent economic problems.

long-standing
adj.
Of long duration or existence: a long-standing friendship.

perennial (TIME)
adjective
lasting a very long time, or happening repeatedly or all the time:
The film 'White Christmas' is a perennial favourite.
We face the perennial problem of not having enough money.
Compare annual (EVERY YEAR)biennial.

perennially
adverb
She seems to be perennially short of money.



long-lasting
adjective
    Existing or remaining in the same state for an indefinitely long time: abidingcontinuingdurableenduringlastinglong-livedlong-standingoldperdurableperennialpermanentpersistentSeecontinue/stop/pause.

    confab
(kŏn'făb') pronunciation Informal.
n.
A casual talk; confabulation.

intr.v., -fabbed, -fab·bing, -fabs. (kən-făb', kŏn'făb')
To engage in casual talk.

confabulate
intr.v.-lat·ed-lat·ing-lates.
  1. To talk casually; chat.
  2. Psychology. To fill in gaps in one's memory with fabrications that one believes to be facts.
[Latin cōnfābulārī, cōnfābulāt- : com-, com- + fābulārī, to talk (from fābula, conversation; see fable).]
confabulation con·fab'u·la'tion n.
confabulator con·fab'u·la'tores nocturni 夜晚說故事者
confabulatory con·fab'u·la·to'ry (-lə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ēadj.

verb
    To engage in spoken exchange: chatconversediscoursespeaktalkInformalconfabvisitSeewords.

 天下》(2014.12.24)的經濟特刊:2015 亞洲經濟大預測,p.26  (今日每個國家的地緣政治目標,必須是堅韌抗逆(resilience)和永續(sustainability)。(Thomas Friedman)
由此網頁的resilient用法,可知它用在經濟體、技術、政治目標等的形容詞,這跟它在字典上用來形容"材料、人、心情、性格......" (有彈性的、適應力強的、快活的),是更推廣使用的。

resilient


Line breaks: re|sili|ent   有彈性的、適應力強的
Pronunciation: /rɪˈzɪlɪənt/
[形]
1 〈物が〉はね返る;弾力のある;〈食物が〉歯ごたえのある.
2 ((ほめて))〈人・性格などが〉(病気・逆境などから)すぐに立ち直れる,すぐ元気になる,快活な;〈動物・樹木などが〉回復力のある.
re・sil・ient・ly
[副] 

Definition of resilient in English:


adjective

1(Of a substance or object) able to recoil or springback into shape after bendingstretching, or beingcompressed:a shoe with resilient cushioning
2(Of a person or animalable to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions:babies are generally far more resilient than newparents realizethe fish are resilient to most infections

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Latin resilient- 'leaping back', from the verb resilire (see resile).

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