2016年4月12日 星期二

consign, cathexis, cathect, mark time, time to go

Last month we said it was time for Brazil's beleaguered president to go. After voting on Dilma Rousseff's impeachment, a committee of Brazil's lower house of Congress has decided it thinks so too. Do you?

Wrong Place, Wrong Time
The Nazi-Soviet pact of 1939 consigned the Baltic States to Moscow's sphere of influence. Arrests, deportations and executions followed.


梁永安
今天翻看書林的《引經據典說英文:莎士比亞篇》(http://www.books.com.tw/products/0010014053),隨便便看到兩處誤譯。
其中一處在解Put money in thy purse之語一篇。作者說:Insisting that he is bound to Roderigo by the indestructible cables of true friendship, Iago self-servingly orders his dupe to keep putting money in his purse. His other advice—to become a soldier, and to get a man's beard even if he has to get a phony one—merely marks time between the repetitions of "put money in thy purse."From: http://www.enotes.com/shakespeare-quotes/put-money-thy-purse最後一句被解成:「只是標示兩句"put money in thy purse."之間的時間」
我這信寫得有點沒頭沒腦,但要寫清楚恐得費千字,這裡只是供有興趣者自己進一步查考。還有就是,我知道原文是什麼是前陣子剛好在網上看過,印象深刻。
補充
劇中人Iago那話是要Roderigo 多弄點錢,好幫他買禮物打動Roderigo 暗戀之有夫之婦的芳心(其實是想中飽)。他的其他建議都是marks time。
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HC
我的【莎士比亞用字辭典】不在身邊。Oxford Dictionaries 網:mark time(Of troopsmarch on the spot without moving forward.6.1Pass one’s time in routine activities until a more interesting opportunity presents itself:we’re all just marking time, waiting for Wednesday


mark time
(1)(行為和活動),避免了一會兒,坐不住了,(當然一)觀看,不暢通,混日子;假裝你是(雖然不是什麼)做一些工作[]
你還在原地踏步,而其他正在好?
但外面的那些傢伙都做的不錯,還是什麼一直磨蹭在這樣的地方。
(1)(行動・活動を)しばらく控える,じっとしている,(成り行きを)見守る,はかどらない,ぐずぐずする;(何もしていないのに)何かをして[働いて]いるふりをする
  • 外の連中はうまくやっているのに,まだそんなところでもたもたしているのか.



cathect (kuh-THEKT)

verb tr.: To invest mental or emotional energy in an idea, object, or person.

Etymology
Back-formation from Greek kathexis (the investment of emotional energy in something). Ultimately from the Indo-European root segh- (to hold) that is also the source of words such as victory (to hold in a battle), hectic, scheme, and scholar.

Usage
"Mortimer divorced Jane Goodall's mother, Vanne, in 1950, consigning Jane to the fate of so many children who cathect with the animal kingdom to compensate for missing parents." — Judith Lewis; Observing the Observer: Jane Goodall The Woman Who Redefined Man; Los Angeles Times; Nov 19, 2006.

consign

Pronunciation: /kənˈsʌɪn/
Translate consign | into French | into German | into Italian

verb

[with object]
  • deliver (something) to a person’s keeping:he consigned three paintings to Sotheby’s
  • send (goods) by a public carrier: the package was consigned by a famous sporting goods company
  • (consign someone/thing to) put someone or something in (a place) in order to be rid of it or them:she consigned the letter to the waste-paper basket


Derivatives




consignee


Pronunciation: /kɒnsʌɪˈniː/
noun



consignor

noun

Origin:

late Middle English (in the sense 'mark with the sign of the cross', especially at baptism or confirmation, as a sign of dedication to God): from French consigner or Latin consignare 'mark with a seal'

ca・thex・is


発音 〔kθéksis〕
[名](複 -thex・es 〔-iz〕[U][C]《精神分析》カセクシス, 備給, 充当.
ca・théc・tic
[形]

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