2017年4月8日 星期六

can stomach, upper-crust, pernicious, consternation


“The slow but regularly increasing over-population of the country long ago made the social relations there very oppressive for the great majority of the nation. Then came the English and enforced free trade for themselves in the five ports. Thousands of British and American vessels sailed towards China, and in a short time the country was filled to excess with cheap British and American factory wares. The Chinese industry based on hand labour was subjected to the competition of the machines. The hitherto unshakeable Central Empire experienced a social crisis. Taxes ceased to come in, the State fell to the edge of bankruptcy, the population sank in masses into pauperism, broke out in revolts, maltreated and killed the Emperor’s mandarins and the priests of the Fohis. The country came to the verge of ruin, and is already threatened with a mighty revolution. And there is even worse. Among the masses and in the insurrection there appeared people who pointed to the poverty on the one side and the riches on the other, and who demanded, and are still demanding, a different division of property and even the entire abolition of private property. When Mr. Gutzlaff, after twenty years’ absence, returned once more to civilised people and Europeans, he heard talk of Socialism, and asked what that was. When it was explained to him he exclaimed in consternation, ‘Shall I then never escape this pernicious doctrine? The very same thing has been preached for some time by many people among the mobs in China’.”



Brazil needs its president to make tough choices and face up to the political and economic turmoil she helped cause. But can she stomach it?


For a time Sainsbury's, at the posh end of Britain's grocery market, seemed to be relatively immune from the relentless rise of cheap discount stores such as Aldi and Lidl. The two German-owned supermarkets have been eating into the profits and market-share of Sainsbury's rivals for years. But now the upper-crust grocer is feeling the pain too http://econ.st/1zk0ilH

Why 'five of the clock'? Why not four or six? The 'five o'clock shadow' coinage was based on the 19th century upper-crust English habit of taking tea at five o'clock. Not that the notably upper-crust 7th Earl of Shaftesbury had much time for it. He is reported in Edwin Hodder's biography, 1886, as saying:

Five o'clock tea, that pernicious, unprincipled and stomach-ruining habit.




Times reporter John Eligon writes about his experience interviewing a white supremacist in Leith, N.D. “Many people have wondered how I could stomach doing an interview with a man whose beliefs were so hostile toward people of my race.”



stomach

Syllabification: (stom·ach)
Pronunciation: /ˈstəmək/
Translate stomach | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish



noun

  • 1the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs, being (in humans and many mammals) a pear-shaped enlargement of the alimentary canal linking the esophagus to the small intestine.
  • each of four digestive organs in a ruminant (the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum).
  • any of a number of organs analogous to a stomach in lower animals.
  • the front part of the body between the chest and thighs; the belly:Blake hit him in the stomach
  • [in singular] the stomach viewed as the seat of hunger, nausea, anxiety, or other unsettling feelings:Virginia had a sick feeling in her stomach
  • 2 [in singular, usually with negative] an appetite for food or drink:she doesn’t have the stomach to eat anything
  • a desire or inclination for something involving conflict, difficulty, or unpleasantness:the teams proved to have no stomach for a fight [with infinitive]:frankly, I don’t have the stomach to find out

verb

[with object] (usually cannot stomach)
  • consume (food or drink) without feeling or being sick:if you cannot stomach orange juice, try apple juice
  • endure or accept (an obnoxious thing or person):I can’t stomach the self-righteous attitude of some managers

upper crust
n. Informal
The highest social class or group.

upper-crust up'per-crust' (ŭp'ər-krŭst') adj.




consternation
kɒnstəˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
  1. a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.

    "to her consternation her car wouldn't start"


per·ni·cious (pər-nĭsh'əs) pronunciation

adj.
    1. Tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly: a pernicious virus.
    2. Causing great harm; destructive: pernicious rumors.
  1. Archaic. Evil; wicked.
[Middle English, from Old French pernicios, from Latin perniciōsus, from perniciēs, destruction : per-, per- + nex, nec-, violent death.]
perniciously per·ni'cious·ly adv.
perniciousness per·ni'cious·ness n.

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