2018年3月29日 星期四

bombast, mouth, bombazine, mouth-filling, pompous, mouth off

With their predilection for prolonged mourning and children who were seen but not heard, the Victorians have tended to be associated with moral solemnity. But they were not just bombazine-clad poker faces. They loved to send greetings cards at the drop of a hat - and Easter was as good an excuse as any.

"Impartiality is a pompous name for indifference, which is an elegant name for ignorance."
-- G.K. Chesterton

Without a protective shell or other bodily features that enable a quick escape from danger, a jellyfish has only its venom to protect itself. Its tentacles whip out at anything that touches it.
If the jellyfish were allowed to mouth off, it would probably say, "Primates and creatures of that ilk should know better than to frolic around in the ocean."

A couple of weeks ago I cracked and sent an e-mail in which I included this as a PS. “I write about customer service in the Financial Times and this is the worst example that I have seen. I think this whole sorry story would make an interesting example on how customer value can be destroyed.”
The EasyJet Customer Experience Team was admirably unmoved by such a pompous threat. Three weeks later I got a reply from a member of the team claiming to understand my frustration, but not volunteering to do anything about it.

Mouth-filling. 用例
It is a very robust coffee with a mouth filling chocolate quality.
Ms. Kurihara has helped popularize strong cheeses like Parmigiano and Gorgonzola in Japan, which has no tradition of cheese making, and very little dairy of any kind in the traditional diet. "They have the same umami as my favorite Japanese foods," she said.
Umami(旨味)is the Japanese term for the nearly indefinable "fifth taste," which is often described as savory, mouth-filling or meaty and is found in cured meat, soy sauce, mushrooms and red wine, among other foods.

Bombazine, or bombasine, is a fabric originally made of silk or silk and wool, and now also made of cotton and wool or of wool alone. Quality bombazine is made with a silk warp and a worsted weft. It is twilled or corded and used for dress-material. Black bombazine was once used largely for mourning wear, but the material had gone out of fashion by the beginning of the 20th century.[1]


Pronunciation: /ˈbɒmbast/ 


High-sounding language with little meaning, used to impress people:the bombast of gung-ho militarism


Mid 16th century (denoting raw cotton or cotton wool used as padding, later used figuratively): from Old French bombace, from medieval Latin bombaxbombac-, alteration ofbombyx 'silkworm' (see bombazine).

Pronunciation: /bɒmˈbastɪk/ 


High-sounding but with little meaning; inflated:bombastic rhetoricbombastic music that drowned out what anyone was saying

mouth off (to/at sb) phrasal verb INFORMAL DISAPPROVING
to speak in a rude or offensive way to someone:
She's a typical teenager, coming home late at night and mouthing off to her parents.


Pronunciation: /ˈmaʊθˌfɪlɪŋ/ 


1Of an oath, compliment, etc.: bombastic, inflated. Now archaic .
2Of wine or its flavour: full-bodied; stimulating to the mouth.


Late 16th century; earliest use found in William Shakespeare (1564–1616), playwright and poet. From mouth + filling.

mouth-filling 原先可能只指說話或作文愛用「誇大的, 言過其實的、長句…..
或指 ━━ a. 大言壮語する.
同義:Bombastic adj. -Characterized by bombast; high-sounding; inflated. -- Bom·bas·tic·al·ly, adv.
A theatrical, bombastic, windy phraseology.
Syn. -- Turgid; tumid; pompous; grandiloquent.
そうご さう― 1 【壮語】


現在 mouth-filling 經常用在"美酒佳餚" 等口味的形容:Similar to "full-bodied," a wine that impresses itself with weight,
texture and flavor on the palate.


━━ n.pl. ~s , ) 口(もと); 出入口 (the ~ of); しかめつら; 言葉; 〔俗〕 無礼な口; 〔話〕 生意気な言いぐさ; 養うべき人; 河口.
be all mouth (and no action) 全く口先だけの人間である.
down in [at] the mouth 〔話〕 がっかりして.
from mouth to mouth (うわさなどが)口から口へ.
give mouth to …を話す.
have a big mouth がなる; 大口をたたく; おしゃべりである.
in the mouth of …に言わせれば.
keep one's mouth shut 〔話〕 口が固い, 黙っている.
laugh on the other [wrong] side of one's mouth [face] 泣き笑いをする, 急にべそをかく.
make a mouth / make mouths (口をゆがめて)しかめつらをする.
make …'s mouth water (欲しくて)人によだれを垂らさせる.
open one's mouth too wide 過大な要求をする.
put the mouth on 〔英〕 …をほめちぎって失敗させる.
put words in [into] …'s mouth 人に言うべきことを教えこむ; 人にだれそれが言ったことだという.
shoot one's mouth off 〔話〕 (余計な[知りもしない]ことを)べらべらしゃべる; 誇張して言う ((about)).
take the words out of another's […'s] mouth 人の言おうとすることを先に言う.
useless mouth ごくつぶし.
━━ vt. しつこく言う; 気取って話す; ただ受け売りする; 声に出さないで口だけ動かして言う; 口に入れる.
━━ vi. 気取って話す; もぐもぐ口だけ動かす; しかめっ面をする ((at)).
mouth-filling ━━ a. 大言壮語する.
mouth・ful ━━ n. 口いっぱい, 一口, 少量; 発音しにくい長い語句; 〔英話〕 口汚い返答; 〔米話〕 名言; (さも)重大(そう)なこと.
mouth organ ハーモニカ.
mouth・piece 吸い口; 吹き口; マウスピース; 送話口; (水道管などの)口; 代弁者 ((of)); 〔俗〕 刑事(事件専門)弁護士.
mouth-to-mouth ━━ a. 口移しの[人工呼吸など].
mouth・wash (脱口臭)うがい薬.
mouth・watering ━━ a. よだれを流させる, おいしそうな.
 ━━ a. おしゃべりな, 豪語する.


-->  ━━ a. 豪華な; もったいぶった; 横柄な; (ことばなど)大げさな.
 pom・pos・i・ty ━━ n.
 pomp・ous・ly ━━ ad.
 pomp・ous・ness ━━ n. 尊大さ, 横柄さ.

  1. Characterized by excessive self-esteem or exaggerated dignity; pretentious: pompous officials who enjoy giving orders.
  2. Full of high-sounding phrases; bombastic: a pompous proclamation.
  3. Chracterized by pomp or stately display; ceremonious: a pompous occasion.
[Middle English, from Old French pompeux, from Late Latin pompōsus, from Latin pompa, pomp. See pomp.]