2013年6月4日 星期二

drain (REDUCE), open sewer, brain drain/gain, on the verge of obsolescence

But some such expressions are said to be dying out in communities hit by the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. A study by Takashi Kobayashi, professor of the history of Japanese language at Tohoku University, found 143 expressions on the verge of obsolescence, with hundreds more feared to eventually follow the same fate. Kobayashi thinks the 2011 disaster has exacerbated the population drain that was already occurring in those communities.


Tax Bill Appeals Take Rising Toll on Governments
By JACK HEALY
Homeowners in the U.S. are challenging their property tax bills in droves as the value of their homes drop, threatening local governments with another big drain on their budgets.


Quote
"Tragedy is when I cut my finger. Comedy is when you walk into an open sewer and die."


Clinton, Obama on Attack[Go to Story] Clinton and Obama stepped up attacks on each other as both camps sought to woo superdelegates, who likely will sway the contest, a day after the Democrats' presidential-nominating marathon. Democratic leaders worry the nomination battle will drain the party of cash and unity.



Carlyle's 2005 purchase of Hawaiian Telcom has turned out to be a money drain for Carlyle and a headache for the customers of the phone company.


MANAGEMENT Yahoo's Brain Drain
Some of Yahoo's 14,000 employees are considering other opportunities as morale declines at the company, which is bracing for a jump in departures following the holidays.

drain (REDUCE) Show phonetics
verb
1 [I or T] to reduce or cause something to reduce:
The long war had drained the resources of both countries.
War drains a nation of its youth and its wealth (= uses them until they are gone).

2 If the blood/colour drains from someone's face, or if their face drains (of blood/colour), they turn very pale, often because they are shocked or ill:
The colour drained from his face/cheeks when they told him the results.

drain Show phonetics
noun [S]
something that uses more of your energy, money or time than you want to give:
Having a big mortgage is a real drain on your earnings.
brain drain noun [S]
when large numbers of educated and highly skilled people leave their own country to live and work in another one where pay and conditions are better:
Britain has suffered a huge brain drain in recent years.


━━ vt. 排水する (draw off); (水を)はかせる ((away, off, out)); 排水[下水]設備を施す; かわかす; 飲み干す, からにする ((of)); 奪い去る ((of)); 精根を尽きさせる; 流出させる ((of)).
━━ vi. 流れ去る ((off, away)); (血が)引く ((from)); 注ぐ ((into)); からになる ((away, off)); しだいに減ってゆく ((away)); 排水する, かわく; (国外へ)頭脳が流出する ((away, off)).
drain dry 枯渇させる, かわかす, かわく; 飲み干す.
drain the cup of …の苦杯をなめる.
━━ n. 排水(みぞ); 排水(管); (pl.下水施設 (sewer); 流失 ((on)); 出費; 負担 ((on)); 【電気】ドレイン ((トランジスターの電極の1つ)).
down the drain 〔話〕 浪費して; 無益になって; なくなって.
laugh like a drain 〔英〕 ばか笑いする.


sewer 
noun [C]
1 a large pipe, usually underground, which is used for carrying waste water and human waste, such as urine and excrement, away from buildings to a place where they can be safely got rid of:
a sewer pipe
A complicated system of sewers runs under the city.

2 open sewer a channel for carrying away waste water and waste from the human body which is above the ground and is not covered

sewage 
noun [U]
1 waste matter such as water or human urine or excrement:
Some cities in the world do not have proper facilities for the disposal of sewage.
Raw/untreated sewage is being pumped into the sea, from where it pollutes our beaches.

2 the system of carrying away waste water and human waste from houses and other buildings through large underground pipes or passages

sewerage 
noun [U]
sewage

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