2016年4月10日 星期日

forestall. prevention better than cure, preclude, avert, obviate,


Walk, Jog or Dance: It’s All Good for the Aging Brain
By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS
New evidence that physical activity can forestall the mental decline in aging brains.

'Let's try common sense," President Obama said in the State of the Union address, provoking a spontaneous burst of laughter in the House of Representatives chamber. The unintended humor exposes an important truth about Washington: Everyone knows that won't happen.
More troubling, however, was that the president's speech revealed why common sense is nonexistent. Mr. Obama wants new laws to tell us how to do things better—when the need is to overhaul old laws to restore freedom of choice and individual responsibility. Up and down the chain of authority, the accumulation of law and entitlements precludes sensible decisions.

Inside Europe | 09.05.2009 | 07:05

Prevention better than cure for swine flu

Governments around the world are still deciding how best to deal with the outbreak of swine flu. Several have banned imports of pork and some have suspended flights to Mexico. And the UK has mounted a public health information campaign on a scale not seen for decades

forestall 

Pronunciation: /fɔːˈstɔːl/ 

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Prevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking advance action:they will present their resignations to forestall a vote of no confidence
1.1Act in advance of (someone) in order to prevent them from doing something:he would have spoken but David forestalled him
1.2historical Buy up (goods) in order to profit by an enhanced price.

Derivatives

forestaller

NOUN

forestalment

NOUN

Origin

Old English foresteall 'an ambush' (see fore- and stall). As a verb the earliest sense (Middle English) was 'intercept and buy up goods before they reach the market, so as to raise the price' (formerly an offence).

prevent

v., -vent·ed, -vent·ing, -vents. v.tr.
  1. To keep from happening: took steps to prevent the strike.
  2. To keep (someone) from doing something; impede: prevented us from winning.
  3. Archaic. To anticipate or counter in advance.
  4. Archaic. To come before; precede.
v.intr.
To present an obstacle: There will be a picnic if nothing prevents.
[Middle English preventen, to anticipate, from Latin praevenīre, praevent- : prae-, pre- + venīre, to come.]
preventability pre·vent'a·bil'i·ty or pre·vent'i·bil'i·ty n.
preventable pre·vent'a·ble or pre·vent'i·ble adj.
preventer pre·vent'er n.
SYNONYMS prevent, preclude, avert, obviate, forestall. These verbs mean to stop or hinder something from happening, especially by advance planning or action. Prevent implies anticipatory counteraction: “The surest way to prevent war is not to fear it” (John Randolph). To preclude is to exclude the possibility of an event or action: “a tranquillity which . . . his wife's presence would have precluded” (John Henry Newman). To avert is to ward off something about to happen: The pilot's quick thinking averted an accident. Obviate implies that something, such as a difficulty, has been anticipated and disposed of effectively: “the objections . . . having . . . been obviated in the preceding chapter” (Joseph Butler). Forestall usually suggests anticipatory measures taken to counteract, neutralize, or nullify the effects of something: We installed an alarm system to forestall break-ins.


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