2017年4月26日 星期三

shorn of, dead level, elevate, receptive, restrictive


- A toad! - Why ever this fear
Of me, you old faithful thing?
Look: a shorn poet, not a wing,
The mud lark... - Horrible to hear! -

Nearly two-thirds of adults in America now get news on social media and a fifth do so often. On Facebook, Reddit, Twitter or WhatsApp, a meme can replicate shorn of all context. Facebook populates news feeds with content similar to material people have previously “liked”. And though it can filter news according to expectation, it is a poor filter of what is true. Online publications have found a profitable niche pumping out hoaxes and false claims, which many share without thinking twice
Mr. Obama’s Second Chance
The president takes the stage tonight shorn of the aura of 2008 and struggling to find his voice.

With a Receptive White House, Labor Begins to Line Up Battles
The Obama administration, though it says it supports free trade, has so far seemed aligned with labor’s trade agenda.

Michelle Obama stepped into the policy spotlight as first lady on Thursday at President Barack Obama’s signing of the equal-pay bill. She hailed the legislation as symbolizing her and her husband’s commitment to policies that “help women and men balance their work and family obligations without putting their jobs or their economic security at risk.”
How might Mrs. Obama bring her voice to issues of work-life balance? We asked some experts who have thought deeply about work and families what issues Mrs. Obama should elevate.

Aides Say Obama’s Afghan Aims Elevate War

In a new approach, President Obama intends to adopt a tougher line toward Hamid Karzai, the Afghan president.

Wal-Mart Elevates Sam's Chief McMillon
Wal-Mart Stores named Doug McMillon, head of the Sam's Club unit, as CEO of its international operations.

Dell Elevates Insiders in Strategy Change
The replacement of two top executives could suggest that founder and CEO Michael Dell is rethinking his plan to revive the company with outside talent.

As she tells it, she is simply doing what she’s always done, trying to stay active and make the world a better place. And as her friends tell it, there’s no better time. The unrest in the Middle East, the economic downturn in Europe and the political challenges here at home, they say, have made people more receptive to her simple, unironic message about loving one another and doing your part to bring about social change.

就像她說的,她只是在做自己一直都在做的事情:努力保持活力,讓世界變成一個更好的地方。她的朋友們則說,此時正是最好的時機。他們說,中東地區的 動蕩,歐洲的經濟下滑以及美國所面臨的政治挑戰,都讓人們更能接受她那簡單而絕非諷刺的信息:彼此相愛,為社會變革貢獻自己的力量。

Feinberg called too restrictive in getting BP cash to victims
The terms for handing out $20 billion of BP PLC funds to victims of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill came under a new attack from U.S. officials and lawyers, who say Kenneth Feinberg, who is in charge of disbursing the money, will be too restrictive in doling outJ the cash.
Japan Senior MOF Official Unreceptive To Extra Budget For New Stimulus
Wall Street Journal
TOKYO (Dow Jones)--A senior official at fund
...apan's Ministry of Finance showed reluctance Monday to compile a supplementary budget for this fiscal year toSee all stories on this topic »


    1. Of or relating to restriction.
    2. Tending or serving to restrict; limiting.
  1. Grammar. Of, relating to, or being a subordinate clause or phrase that identifies the noun, phrase, or clause it modifies and limits or restricts its meaning, as the clause who live in glass houses in People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.
restrictively re·stric'tive·ly adv.
restrictiveness re·stric'tive·ness n.


tr.v., -vat·ed, -vat·ing, -vates.
  1. To move (something) to a higher place or position from a lower one; lift.
  2. To increase the amplitude, intensity, or volume of.
  3. To promote to a higher rank.
  4. To raise to a higher moral, cultural, or intellectual level.
  5. To lift the spirits of; elate. See synonyms at lift.
[Middle English elevaten, from Latin ēlevāre, ēlevāt- : ē-, ex-, up; see ex– + levāre, to raise.]

verb [T]
1 FORMAL to raise something or lift something up:
The platform was elevated by means of hydraulic legs.

2 to make someone or something more important or to improve something:
They want to elevate the status of teachers.
These factors helped to elevate the town into the list of the ten most attractive in the country.

3 FORMAL be elevated to sth to be given a higher rank or social position:
He has been elevated to deputy manager.
She was elevated to the peerage (= was given the title 'Lady').

1 raised:
The doctor said I was to keep my leg elevated.
There is an elevated area at the back of the building.

2 high or important:
She holds a more elevated position in the company.

3 [before noun] greater than is normal or reasonable:
He has a rather elevated idea of his own importance.

4 [before noun] FORMAL literary or formal:
an elevated style/tone
the elevated language of the Psalms

1 [C or U] the height of a place above the level of the sea:
Atmospheric pressure varies with elevation and temperature.
The crop is not grown at high elevations/above an elevation of 1000 metres.

2 [C] a hill:
The flagpole stands on a small elevation in front of the building.

3 [U] when someone or something is given a more important position:
His elevation to the presidency of the new republic was generally popular.

IN BRIEF: To lift up; to raise to a higher level.

pronunciation It is not the fruits of scientific research that elevate man and enrich his nature, but the urge to understand, the intellectual work, creative or receptive. — Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematical physicist.

Who are the people? Every individual? The majority? A theoretical average? A compromise group? The reason we go astray about public opinion is because we have not as yet a clear and adequate definition of the "people." We are told that we must elevate the "people." There are no "people." We have to create a people. The people are not an imaginary average, shorn of genius
and power and leadership. You cannot file off all the points made by talent and efficiency, and call the dead level that is left the people. The people are the integration of every development, of
every genius, with everything else that our complex and interacting life brings about.....

As to diction and detail, we miss, in general, power rather than taste. The metre runs on with correct smooth monotony, with something always of the Virgilian sweetness, though attenuated, but nothing of the Virgilian variety and strength. The dead level of literary execution is seldom broken by a rise into the region of genuine pathos and beauty, or by a descent into the ludicrous or the repellent.

  1. Capable of or qualified for receiving.
  2. Ready or willing to receive favorably: receptive to their proposals.
  3. Linguistics. Of or relating to the skills of listening and reading.
receptively re·cep'tive·ly adv.
receptiveness re·cep'tive·ness or re'cep·tiv'i·ty n.

上兩例之 dead level 考能指極低之水準

Architecture: dead level
Said of a roof surface having a declination of less than 2%.


━━ vt. 上げる, 高める; (声などを)張り上げる; 昇進させる ((to)); 元気づける; 向上させる, (希望・精神・自負心を)高揚させる.
el・e・vat・ed ━━ a., n. 高めた, 高い; 高尚な; 〔話〕 一杯きげんの; 〔米〕 (市内の)高架鉄道 (elevated railroad [railway]).
el・e・va・tion ━━ n. 上げる[高める]こと; 昇進, 向上; 気品, 高尚; 高所, 高地; 仰角, 高度; 海抜; 立面[正面]図.
elevation of boilling point 【化】沸点上昇.
el・e・va・tor ━━ n. 〔米〕 昇降機, エレベーター; 物を揚げる装置; 【航空】昇降舵(だ); (大きな)穀倉.
elevator music エレベーター・ミュージック ((デパートのエレベーターでかかるような当たり障りのない音楽)).


  • 発音記号[ʃɔ'ːrn]

(be shorn of) Have something cut off:
they were shorn of their hair
figurative the richest man in the US was shorn of nearly $2 billion

1 刈り取られた, 刈り込んだ.
2 (…を)奪われた((of ...)).