2016年6月28日 星期二

heckle, boo, Judas, jorum, claque, moirologist, wild applause

“That’s the last time you are applauding here,” Jean-Claude Juncker said.
Members heckle Ukip leader as he says UK referendum result shows…
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 HAROON SIDDIQUE 上傳

Wild Applause, Secretly Choreographed

By ELLEN BARRY

The practice of enlisting claqueurs - spectators assigned to cheer and applaud during performances - is alive and well at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow.


 Heckled by an Activist, but Getting the Last Word

By MICHAEL D. SHEAR

A leader of a group opposed to military actions interrupted President Obama three times before she was removed.



boo 1 

Pronunciation: /buː/ 

EXCLAMATION

1Said suddenly to surprise someone who is unaware of one’s presence:‘Boo!’ she criedjumping up to frighten him
Probably an alteration of earlier bo, used in the same way since late Middle English
2Said to show disapproval or contempt:‘There’s only one bar.’ ‘Boo!’

NOUN

An utterance of ‘boo’ to show disapproval of a speaker or performer:the audience greeted this comment with boos and hisses

VERB (boosbooingbooed)

Say ‘boo’ to show disapproval of a speaker or performer:[NO OBJECT]: they booed and hissed when he stepped on stage[WITH OBJECT]: the team were booed off the pitch

Phrases

wouldn't say boo to a goose

Used to emphasize that someone is very timid:he seemed the kind of chap who wouldn’t say boo to a goose

Origin

Early 19th century (in sense 2 of the exclamation): imitative of the lowing of oxen.


claqueur

Pronunciation: /klaˈkəː, klɑː-/

noun

  • a member of a claque.

Origin:

mid 19th century: French, from claquer 'to clap'

claque (klak)

noun: A group of people hired to applaud at a performance.

Etymology
From French claque, from claquer (to clap), of imitative origin. Earliest documented use: 1864.

Notes
Although a claque is usually hired to applaud, sometimes it is also used to heckle at a rival's performance. Then there are moirologists (hired mourners at a funeral).

Usage
"The publicist even trained both the singer [Frank Sinatra] and his claques in the art of call-and-response." — James Kaplan; Frank; Doubleday; 2010. Read this fascinating extract about claques from the book: http://www.delanceyplace.com/view_archives.php?1629



Definition of heckle
verb
[with object]
  • 1interrupt (a public speaker) with derisive or aggressive comments or abuse:he was booed and heckled when he tried to address the demonstrators [no object]:women round him started heckling
  • 2dress (flax or hemp) to split and straighten the fibres for spinning: hemp was heckled and spun into rope yarn

noun

  • a heckling comment:heckles of ‘Get stuffed!’
Derivatives


heckler

noun

Origin:

Middle English (in heckle (sense 2 of the verb)): from heckle 'flax comb', a northern and eastern form of hackle. The sense 'interrupt (a public speaker) with aggressive comments' arose in the mid 17th century; for the development in sense, compare with tease


jorum (JOHR-uhm)

noun:
1. A large drinking vessel or its contents.
2. A great quantity.

Etymology
Perhaps after Joram, a character in the Old Testament, who took vessels of silver, gold, and brass to King David. Earliest documented use: 1730.

Usage
"He sought for more liquor, found it, and poured himself a big jorum." — J. Allan Dunn; Rimrock Trail; Doubleday; 1921.



Judas (JOO-duhs)

noun:
1. One who betrays.
2. A peephole.

Etymology
After Judas Iscariot, a disciple of Jesus, who later betrayed him. Earliest documented use: 1490.

Usage
"Bob Dylan was heckled and booed by audience members who felt he had sold out to the pop world, that he was a Judas who had turned his back on the serious acoustic roots of folk music." — Heath McCoy; Turning Tables on Folk; Calgary Herald (Canada); Jul 24, 2010.

Judas
  • [dʒúːdəs]
[名]
1 裏切り者(traitor).
2 イスカリオテのユダ(Judas Iscariot):十二使徒の一人で, キリストを裏切った.
3 ユダ:十二使徒の一人;2と区別するためSaint Judasともいう.
4 ((通例j-))(ドアなどの)のぞき穴.

沒有留言: