Wild Applause, Secretly Choreographed
By ELLEN BARRY
The practice of enlisting claqueurs - spectators assigned to cheer and applaud during performances - is alive and well at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow.
Heckled by an Activist, but Getting the Last Word
By MICHAEL D. SHEAR
A leader of a group opposed to military actions interrupted President Obama three times before she was removed.
Pronunciation: /klaˈkəː, klɑː-/
Origin:mid 19th century: French, from claquer 'to clap'
noun: A group of people hired to applaud at a performance.
From French claque, from claquer (to clap), of imitative origin. Earliest documented use: 1864.
Although a claque is usually hired to applaud, sometimes it is also used to heckle at a rival's performance. Then there are moirologists (hired mourners at a funeral).
"The publicist even trained both the singer [Frank Sinatra] and his claques in the art of call-and-response." — James Kaplan; Frank; Doubleday; 2010. Read this fascinating extract about claques from the book: http://www.delanceyplace.com/
Definition of heckleverb
Origin:Middle English (in heckle (sense 2 of the verb)): from heckle 'flax comb', a northern and eastern form of hackle. The sense 'interrupt (a public speaker) with aggressive comments' arose in the mid 17th century; for the development in sense, compare with tease
1. A large drinking vessel or its contents.
2. A great quantity.
Perhaps after Joram, a character in the Old Testament, who took vessels of silver, gold, and brass to King David. Earliest documented use: 1730.
"He sought for more liquor, found it, and poured himself a big jorum." — J. Allan Dunn; Rimrock Trail; Doubleday; 1921.
1. One who betrays.
2. A peephole.
After Judas Iscariot, a disciple of Jesus, who later betrayed him. Earliest documented use: 1490.
"Bob Dylan was heckled and booed by audience members who felt he had sold out to the pop world, that he was a Judas who had turned his back on the serious acoustic roots of folk music." — Heath McCoy; Turning Tables on Folk; Calgary Herald (Canada); Jul 24, 2010.
2 イスカリオテのユダ(Judas Iscariot)：十二使徒の一人で, キリストを裏切った.
3 ユダ：十二使徒の一人；2と区別するためSaint Judasともいう.4 ((通例j-))（ドアなどの）のぞき穴.