2017年3月4日 星期六

abuser, substantiate, unsubstantiated, groom, comb, Combe, substance abuser, macaques, to sport well-groomed

"There was no additional information provided to substantiate the president’s claims that Obama had “wire tapped” Trump Tower, and it was not clear on what information Trump was basing the allegations."

Trump pressed unsubstantiated claims that the contest is rigged against him, vowing anew to jail Hillary Clinton if he's elected.

"All he does is to enhance rhythm at the expense of melody". A review of The Firebird from 1913!

From the archive, 5 September 1913: ‘ We may like it or not, but surely in…

The British Library
Venus' Combe. 'A Floral Fantasy in an Old English Garden. Set forth in verses & coloured designs.', 1899

Joseph delighted in taking his sons to factories to see the latest mechanical devices, and he also had a keen interest in music and culture.[6] Ravel substantiated his father's early influence by stating later, “As a child, I was sensitive to music—to every kind of music.”[7]

The New York Times
In one poor northern English town, at least 1,400 children, some as young as 11, were groomed for sexual exploitation while the authorities looked the other way.

Disney Allows Theme Park Employees to Grow Beards

By Kate Springer
After almost 60 years of clean-shaven staff members, Disney parks will now allow employees to sport well-groomed facial hair.

Chairman of Sony Announces Retirement

The first foreign president of the Tokyo-based electronics maker said he was ready to step down after he turned over the helm of the company to the successor he groomed.

Winehouse Family Plans Foundation to Aid Substance Abusers

Announcement comes as friends and family say goodbye at traditional Jewish funeral in London.

In its preliminary investigative report, released on March 6, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau said Airbus had initially said it didn't know of any other similar events. But when the same thing happened again, involving a different aircraft, on Dec. 27, Airbus combed its computerized flight files and found data fingerprints suggesting similar ADIRU problems had occurred on a total of four flights. One of the earlier instances, in fact, included a September 2006 event on the same plane that entered the uncommanded dive in October (the other three flights had continued safely on). The same VCR-sized ADIRU was to blame in both those cases, although it had supposedly undergone a needed realignment following the 2006 event. All three planes carried the same brand and model of ADIRU, as do 397 of the 900 330s and 340s in the Airbus fleet.

  1. not supported or proven by evidence.
    "unsubstantiated claims"

verb [T] FORMAL vt. 立証する; 実体[具体]化する.
to show something to be true, or to support a claim with facts:
We have evidence to substantiate the allegations against him.
Reports that children had been hurt have not been substantiated.

noun [U] FORMAL
The company produced receipts in substantiation of (= to support) its claim.


Line breaks: sub¦stan¦ti|ate
Pronunciation: /səbˈstanʃɪeɪt /


Provide evidence to support or prove the truth of:Origin
mid 17th century: from medieval Latin substantiat- 'given substance', from the verb substantiare.



Pronunciation: /-ˈeɪʃ(ə)n/
v., combed, comb·ing, combs.

To move a comb through (the hair) so as to arrange or groom: combed her hair with a comb; combed his hair with his fingers.
To move though or pass across with a raking action: The wind combed the wheatfields.
To card (wool or other fiber).
To search thoroughly; look through: combed the dresser drawers for a lost bracelet.
To eliminate with or as with a comb: combed the snarls out of his hair.v.intr.
To roll and break. Used of waves.
To make a thorough search: combed through the file for the contract.
[Middle English, from Old English.]

Combe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


combe (/kuːm/; also spelled coombe or coomb and, in place names, comb) can either refer to a steep, narrow valley, or to a small valley or large hollow on ...

substance abuser 吸毒者
(ə-byūz') pronunciation
tr.v., a·bused, a·bus·ing, a·bus·es.
  1. To use wrongly or improperly; misuse: abuse alcohol; abuse a privilege.
  2. To hurt or injure by maltreatment; ill-use.
  3. To force sexual activity on; rape or molest.
  4. To assail with contemptuous, coarse, or insulting words; revile.
  5. Obsolete. To deceive or trick.
n. (ə-byūs')
  1. Improper use or handling; misuse: abuse of authority; drug abuse.
  2. Physical maltreatment: spousal abuse.
  3. Sexual abuse.
  4. An unjust or wrongful practice: a government that commits abuses against its citizens.
  5. Insulting or coarse language: verbal abuse.
abuse oneself Vulgar.
  1. To masturbate.
[Middle English abusen, from Old French abuser, from abus, improper use, from Latin abūsus, past participle of abūtī, to misuse : ab-, away; see ab-1 + ūtī, to use.]
abuser a·bus'er n.
SYNONYMS abuse, misuse, mistreat, ill-treat, maltreat. These verbs mean to treat wrongfully or harmfully. Abuse applies to injurious or improper treatment: "We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us" (Aldo Leopold). Misuse stresses incorrect or unknowledgeable handling: "How often misused words generate misleading thoughts" (Herbert Spencer). Mistreat, ill-treat, and maltreat all share the sense of inflicting injury, often intentionally: "I had seen many more patients die from being mistreated for consumption than from consumption itself" (Earl of Lytton). The army had orders not to ill-treat the prisoners. "When we misuse [a language other than our native language], we are in fact trying to reduce its element of foreignness. We let ourselves maltreat it as though it naturally belonged to us" (Manchester Guardian Weekly).

She told BBC News: "If you looked back 10 years, you might come across children on the street who were being exploited.
"Now it's hidden. Networks are involved and they are moving the children around. The abusers use mobile phones and the internet. They groom the children online and then offline.
"What we need is for local authorities and the police to have an expert who can advise on sexual exploitation."

1 新郎, 花婿(bridegroom)
the bride and groom
2 馬手, 馬の飼育係, 厩務員.
3 (英国宮廷侍従職の)宮内官
the Groom of the Great Chamber
a groom in waiting
1 ((通例〜 -selfまたは受身))〈髪・ひげ・服などを〉かまう, きれいにする, きちんと手入れする;〈髪を〉手でかき上げる
be well [ill] groomed
groom oneself for the party
2 〈馬・犬などを〉手入れ[世話]する, にブラシをかける;〈芝生などを〉手入れする.
3 〈人を〉(地位・選挙などに)立てる, 推薦する((for, as ...));〈人を〉(…するよう)教育する((to do)).
3 〈人を〉(地位・選挙などに)立てる, 推薦する((for, as ...));〈人を〉(…するよう)教育する((to do))
groom a prince for the kingship[to reign as king]
4 《動物》〈サルなどが〉…をグルーミングする.

A Digital Boot Camp to Groom Talent for Agencies
A new program at the University of Colorado, Boulder, called Boulder Digital Works focuses on creativity and technical skills for new media.

When did 'grooming' become a dirty word?

Backstage at a dog show
Not this type of grooming

The Magazine answers...
Supporters of Damian Green are outraged at the use of the word "grooming" by police questioning the MP. They see this as provocative, with its connotations of paedophilia. Since when?
Grooming. In the past 20 years it has taken on a whole new meaning, and one which eclipses all other definitions bar the original reference to beautify oneself or one's steed.
While dictionaries note that it's been used for more than a century to mean preparing a successor, or coaching someone for a career or contest, today it commonly refers to child sex offenders.
1887: First used to mean prepare for specific career, role or contest
1985: First used in reference to paedophiles
'Groom' first recorded in 13th Century to mean 'boy' then 'man-servant'
By 17th Century applied only to someone who tended a horse
More recently used to mean recruitment of terrorists

It was the Chicago Tribune that first applied the definition to the methods of a paedophile, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. In a 1985 story the paper reported: "These 'friendly molesters' become acquainted with their targeted victim, gaining their trust while secretly grooming the child as a sexual partner."
It's this pejorative meaning of the word that has outraged senior Conservatives commenting on the arrest of their front bench spokesman Damian Green MP.
They say police questioned Mr Green - the shadow immigration minister - and suggested to him he had not "simply received leaked" information but "groomed" a civil servant who had allegedly passed him 20 confidential documents. While the Ashford MP denies any wrong doing, and has not been charged, colleagues object to the loaded use of the word "grooming".
"Damian [Green] was very angry at this clear attempt to provoke him and did not reply," a senior party figure told the Times.
A regular feature in the BBC News Magazine - aiming to answer some of the questions behind the headlines

"It's certainly a loaded term," says Cormac McKeown, senior editor of the Collins English Dictionary, who sees its use in connection with Mr Green as a new mutation in the evolution of the word.
"I can't find any usages yet that chime exactly with Mr Green's case, but one use that's quite similar relates to people being groomed for terrorism."
One such example in the Collins corpus - a database of real-life usages - has Eliza Manningham-Buller, then the head of MI5, saying in November 2006 that young British Muslims were being groomed to become suicide bombers.
"I can see how the word could be applied to someone who befriends another for a particular end. But the main usage in our corpus refers to preparing a successor," says Mr McKeown.
This meaning dates from the late 19th Century, he says.
Tony, centre, is a predatory paedophile targetting his stepdaughter in EastEnders
Tony, centre, is a predatory paedophile in EastEnders

But in 2003, Collins added a new entry to its definitions of grooming: "To win the confidence of (a victim) in order to a commit sexual assault on him or her."
While its first use in this context was in 1985, it became mainstream in the late 1990s. "It was with the advent of the internet that this usage took off," says Mr McKeown. This was when paedophiles using chatrooms to target potential victims first came to public notice.
And in the past few months, EastEnders has run the first soap storyline of a predatory paedophile, as Bianca's latest boyfriend Tony grooms her teenage daughter Whitney for sex.


Animals found to sell sex Selling sex is said to be humankind's oldest profession but it may have deep evolutionary roots, according to a study into our primate cousins which found that male macaques pay for intercourse by using grooming as a currency.

Michael Gumert of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore made the discovery in a 20-month investigation into 50 long-tailed macaques in Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, New Scientist reports tomorrow. On average, females had sex 1.5 times per hour. But this rate jumped to 3.5 times per hour immediately after the female had been groomed by a male. Market forces also acted on the value of the transaction. If there were several females in the area, the cost of buying sex would drop dramatically.

KK: []
DJ: []
n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 獼猴,恆河猴
noun [U]
the things that you do to make your appearance tidy and pleasant, for example brushing your hair, or the things that you do to keep an animal's hair or fur clean and tidy

DJ: []
n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 打扮;修飾

KK: []
DJ: []
n. (名詞 noun)[C]
  1. 馬伕
  2. 新郎
  3. 英國宮廷的侍從官
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)
  1. 照料(馬等)
  2. 使整潔;打扮[H]
  3. 他為晚會仔細地打扮了一番。
  4. 準備,推薦[(+for)][+to-v]
  5. 律師正在準備競選市長。