2016年5月23日 星期一

retribution, thuggery, cutthroat or ruffian, thuggishness

The end of a decades-long ban, a milestone in warming ties between the two old enemies, will win Vietnam’s trust and worry China

But the Vietnamese regime’s continued thuggishness makes the concession painful
ECON.ST


Historian, man of letters, and essayist Thomas Carlyle died on this day in 1881. His three-volume text on the French Revolution argued that it was divine retribution for the monarchy's hubris and excess


In Beijing, a prominent artist, Ai Weiwei, famous as a designer of the “bird’s nest” Olympic stadium, has organised a team of more than 50 volunteers to travel around the earthquake zone and collect the names of students who were killed (he believes there were more than 7,000) and record interviews with their parents. He says team members have been stopped by police more than 20 times. The police usually confiscated or erased their recordings and threatened further retribution if they continued their work. On two occasions, volunteers were beaten. Several of the victims’ parents as well as foreign journalists have suffered similar thuggery. Parents have been warned not to protest. Some who have refused have been told they will be treated as supporters of Falun Gong, an outlawed sect, or of Tibetan independence, says Mr Ai.


Rome is in disarray. Bins are overflowing. Roads are potholed. Oh, and the mafia is back http://econ.st/1JTtm6N

ON AUGUST 27th the coastal district of Rome, with a population of around 230,000, became the biggest administrative unit in Italy to be put under direct government...
ECON.ST

retribution

noun [U] FORMAL
deserved and severe punishment:
They fled because they feared retribution for the genocide.
She was asked whether a civilian government should seek retribution against military officers involved in human rights abuses.
Many saw her death as divine retribution (= punishment by God) for her crimes.

retributive
adjective [before noun] FORMAL
retributive action/justice

n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 報應;懲罰
  2. 報答
━━ n. 報い, 罰; 報酬.


In a Baghdad courthouse, Mr. Hussein, in his customary black suit, remained seated as the judge read the verdict finding him guilty of ordering the killings of 148 Shiite-Arab civilians as retribution for a botched 1982 assassination attempt against him in the town of Dujail.




In what amounted to an act of literary retribution, Mr. Fraser plucked Flashman from the pages of “Tom Brown’s School Days,” Thomas Hughes’s classic novel of English public-school life published in 1857. In that book, Tom, the innocent young hero, repeatedly falls prey to a sadistic bully named Flashman.



Fifteen: Retribution第十五章 补偏救弊 (第十五章 重審 )hc:「史景遷著的這本書Treason by the Book ,書名相當簡潔有力,直譯或許為「大逆之書」」-- 參考某人:「此書還聽到過的名字有《叛國之書》,《雍州皇帝之大義覺迷錄》。」

Definition of CUTTHROAT

1
2
:  a cruel unprincipled person
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Examples of CUTTHROAT

  1. cutthroats
 and thieves



thuggery
n.
  1. A cutthroat or ruffian; a hoodlum.
  2. also Thug One of a band of professional assassins formerly active in northern India who worshiped Kali and offered their victims to her.
[Hindi ṭhag, perhaps from Sanskrit sthagaḥ, a cheat, from sthagati, sthagayati, he conceals.]
thuggery thug'ger·y n.
thuggish thug'gish adj.

noun
    A person who treats others violently and roughly, especially for hire: hoodlum, ruffian, tough. Informalhooligan. Slanggoon, gorilla, hood. Seeattack/defend, crimes.

thuggish 

Pronunciation: /ˈθʌɡɪʃ/ 

ADJECTIVE

Characterized by violent behaviour:thuggish organized crime gangsthey have been accused of thuggish tactics

Derivatives

thuggishly

Pronunciation: /ˈθʌɡɪʃli/  
ADVERB

thuggishness

Pronunciation: /ˈθʌɡɪʃnəs/  
NOUN


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hanching chung 提到...

'Retribution: The Battle for Japan, 1944-45'

By MAX HASTINGS
Reviewed by EVAN THOMAS

Max Hastings shows how Japanese madness met American ruthlessness in the final year of World War II.