2016年5月23日 星期一

treble clef, treble damages, willful counterfeiting

The Grand Staff. Treble Clef on upper staff; Bass Clef on lower staff (image: wikipedia)
The curving flourishes of music notation have always been something a mystery to me, although every day I, like many people, use other arcane symbols without thinking twice about it.

Read more: http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/design/2013/05/the-evolution-of-the-treble-clef/#ixzz2VjArOgx6

 In responding to an open letter by Autonomy founder Mike Lynch on Tuesday, Hewlett-Packard Co. says it has "uncovered extensive evidence of a willful effort on behalf of certain former Autonomy employees to inflate the underlying financial metrics of the company in order to mislead investors and potential buyers."
Here's H-P's statement: HP has initiated an intense internal investigation into a series of accounting improprieties, disclosure failures and outright misrepresentations that occurred prior to HP's acquisition of Autonomy. We believe we have uncovered extensive evidence of a willful effort on behalf of certain former Autonomy employees to inflate the underlying financial metrics of the company in order to mislead investors and potential buyers. The matter is in the hands of the authorities, including the UK Serious Fraud Office, the US Securities and Exchange Commission's Enforcement Division and the US Department of Justice, and we will defer to them as to how they wish to engage with Dr. Lynch. In addition, HP will take legal action against the parties involved at the appropriate time. While Dr. Lynch is eager for a debate, we believe the legal process is the correct method in which to bring out the facts and take action on behalf of our shareholders. In that setting, we look forward to hearing Dr. Lynch and other former Autonomy employees answer questions under penalty of perjury.

Rising tuition fees boost private universities in the UK

With tuition fees set to treble at most British universities from 2012,
suddenly a private degree could be a cheaper option. And with more contact
hours, you could possibly get a better education.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article

NY official claims LCD suppliers fixed prices
ALBANY, N.Y. — New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo on Friday sued several major suppliers of liquid crystal display screens used in computers, televisions and cell phones, claiming buyers paid extra because of a decade of price fixing.
Some of the companies settled earlier, similar federal charges.
The suit filed in state court in Manhattan seeks damages and restitution to state and local governments along with penalties for actions from 1996 to 2006 by companies in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan.
Defendants are Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Sharp Corp., Toshiba Corp., Hitachi Displays Ltd., LG Display Co. Ltd., AU Optronics Corp., Chi Mei Corp., CMO Japan Co. Ltd., and U.S. affiliates. They are accused of selling display screens at illegally fixed prices to companies including Dell and IBM — vendors that sold computers to public entities in New York, including the state government, counties, municipalities, colleges, hospitals, transit agencies and fire departments.
Cuomo claims the cartel dominated the $70 billion market, and top officials from the companies met regularly.
"As a result, hard-pressed New York cities, towns, schools and hospitals spent hundreds of millions of dollars on LCD screens affected by the illegal conspiracy. My office is bringing this case to get those illegal overcharges back," he said.
Damages are in the tens of millions of dollars, Cuomo spokesman Matt Glazer said.
Many cartel members and executives have pleaded guilty to federal criminal antitrust violations and paid more than $890 million in fines, according to the suit.
"The state purchasers on whose behalf this action is brought — and the taxpayers whose dollars financed those purchases — have suffered substantial damages stemming from defendants' unlawful conspiracy," the suit claimed.
Under state antitrust laws, the attorney general's office requested treble damages, civil penalties, costs and "other equitable relief for the harm inflicted."
Samsung, Toshiba and Hitachi declined to make any immediate comment. Calls and e-mails to the other companies were not immediately returned Friday.

Second, the G20 decided to treble resources available to the International Monetary Fund, to $750bn, and to support a $250bn allocation of special drawing rights (SDRs) – the IMF's reserve asset.

There is an American standard that fixes the musical note A in the treble clef at 440 cycles per second, and one that accomplishes uniformity in kitchen ...

Die Prinzen, one of Germany's most popular pop bands, consists of former pupils in the St Thomas Choir of Leipzig. So does the internationally-celebrated Amarcord, a classical group. The Choirboys, a British boy band, consists of two former trebles. The members of Elliot Minor, a punk group, met as trebles at York Minster
Choirs are the ultimate training ground for hopeful boy bands and ensembles

treble (THREE TIMES) predeterminer
three times greater in amount, number or size:
He earns almost treble the amount that I do.

verb [I or T]
to increase three times in size or amount, or to make something do this:
The price of property has almost trebled in the last ten years.


━━ n. 【楽】音部記号.
  [treble] clef ト音記号 ((高音部記号)).
  [tenor, alto] clef ハ音記号 ((中音部記号)).
  [bass] clef ヘ音記号 ((低音部記号)).

 [treble] clef

ト音記号 ((高音部記号)).

treble damages
A law that permits a court to triple the amount of damages awarded in cases where the defendant willfully acted in a prohibited way. Usually a court will require substantial evidence proving that the defendant's actions were willful in nature or done in bad faith before treble damages are awarded.
Investopedia Says:
In the corporate world treble damages often arise in regard to patent infringement, willful counterfeiting and antitrust lawsuits. Damages are calculated against the financial loss incurred by the plaintiff directly resulting from the actions of the defendant.

1 (数量・価値が)3倍の, 3部分からなる, 3様の;(構成などが)3重の. ▼all, bothと同じく冠詞などの前に置く. ⇒DOUBLE[形]
sell for treble the price
2 〈ウイスキー・ジンなどが〉(3倍はいった)トレブルの.
3 《音楽》〈声・歌手・楽器が〉最高音部の
a treble singer
4 〈声・音が〉甲高い, 鋭い
a treble cry
1 (数量・価値などで)3倍のもの;(構成などで)3重のもの;(ダーツの)3倍得点;(競馬で特定の3回のレースを1組にして1着を当てる)3重賭(か)け, 3重勝.
2 《音楽》(合唱曲の)最高声部;最高音度の声音[歌手, 楽器];ボーイソプラノ.
3 甲高い声[音].
4 (鐘の)最高音.
[中フランス語←ラテン語triplus(tres3+plexus倍の). △TRIPLE

treble chance
((the 〜))((英))トレブルチャンス:本拠地や遠征先での勝ち数と引き分け数を当てるサッカー賭博.
treble clef
《音楽》高音部記号, ト音記号(G clef).

1 〈言動が〉計画[意図]的な, 故意の
willful distortion of the facts
willful neglect of duty
2 〈人・性格が〉強情な, いこじな, 片意地な
a willful refusal
willful blindness