2016年5月12日 星期四

bankroll, roll, immortalized , type, unrivalled


Neither the Republican nor the Democratic Party has a clue about the rising tide of anti-insider populism. This year, both conventions will be bankrolled entirely with money from big corporations and wealthy individuals.
From today's New York Times:
"Industries with business before the federal government have long found opening their checkbooks for the conventions to be one of the most efficient means for influencing an incoming administration and Congress in one quick action. ... Convention spending is part and parcel of the creeping corporate buyout of America’s political system. In a year marked by voter anger at a political class out of touch with struggling Americans, one might expect both Republicans and Democrats to rein it in. But as with all political spending, the tendency is always toward more, not less. That publicly held companies seeking favors from the government will underwrite this excess is offensive, and entirely legal."
What do you think?





 Along with churches, castles and country houses, cathedrals are among our greatest architectural glories, and I suppose we all have our favourites among them. Perhaps Salisbury - unrivalled for its soaring spire and the grace and beauty of its setting, immortalized in the paintings of John Constable.



“ ‘I told you to wait in the car,’ say people in America, so Robert sneaks around,” Jack Kerouac writes in the introduction to “The Americans,” Robert Frank’s tender and unflinching photographic portrait of this country and its people. Mr. Frank, who turns 84 on Sunday, took his photographs during an on-and-off road trip, at times with his young family in tow, pressing pedal to the metal from New York to New Mexico, Montana to Texas, from 1955 to 1956. Bankrolled by Guggenheim fellowship money, he captured a tremulous diversity — immortalized by his image of a spectrally white baby in the arms of a black nurse — at the very instant it was sending shock waves across the country.


海瑞塔.拉克絲是何許人?她的生命何以能不朽?請注意她的英文姓名Henrietta Lacks前兩個字母合起來──HeLa這個字,就是生物醫學史上著名的「海拉細胞」(HeLa cell)。原來,海瑞塔.拉克絲是一位維吉尼亞州克洛芙(Clover)小鎮的年輕女性黑人,跟她的黑奴祖先一樣,在小鎮周邊的菸草田做農事,過著貧窮 的生活。1951年,她才三十一歲,已有五個子女,因為子宮頸腫瘤被送到約翰霍普金斯醫院診療,只拖延了八個月就病逝了,但醫師卻發現她的腫瘤組織中的細 胞,具有罕見的增殖能力,於是在離體培養下被保留下來,並以匿名發展成代號為HeLa的細胞株,這是第一株可離體連續培養的人類細胞。由於HeLa細胞很 容易在離體培養下生長,故以後被保存在「美國細胞培養暨儲存中心」(American Type Culture Collection,簡稱ATCC),並被科學家廣泛用來從事有關細胞學的研究,尤其是對病毒的研究。至今六十年來,她的癌細胞被分送到世界各地許多實 驗室中,也能夠繼續生存,故被視為不朽、不死的(immortal)細胞株。此細胞株不僅不會衰老致死,跟其他癌細胞相比,且增殖異常迅速,至今仍被不間 斷的培養、轉送(賣)。據估計,六十年來,海拉細胞在全世界繁殖的總重量,應已超過五千萬公噸,像一百座帝國大廈那麼重;而生醫界靠著海拉細胞直接或間接 的實驗研究,對治療小兒麻痺的牛痘疫苗及許多病毒的研究,都有不少貢獻,甚至於原子彈的效果、試管嬰兒、複製羊、基因地圖的開發研究……都有海拉細胞衍生 下來的細胞參與。

Mr. Shin, representative of South Korea’s new, voracious appetite for musical theater, bankrolled the production: royalties for American artists, a local cast, costumes and a $1.5 million set.


bankroll
verb [T] INFORMAL
to support a person or activity financially:
a joint program bankrolled by the U.S. space agency




im·mor·tal (ĭ-môr'tl) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Not subject to death: immortal deities; the immortal soul.
  2. Never to be forgotten; everlasting: immortal words.
  3. Of or relating to immortality.
  4. Biology. Capable of indefinite growth or division. Used of cells in culture.
n.
  1. One not subject to death.
  2. One whose fame is enduring.
[Middle English, from Old French immortel, from Latin immortālis.]
immortally im·mor'tal·ly adv.

WordNet: bankroll
Note: click on a word meaning below to see its connections and related words.
The noun has one meaning:
Meaning #1: a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.)
Synonym: roll
roll
Slang. Money, especially a wad of paper money.

The verb bankroll has one meaning:
Meaning #1: provide with sufficient funds; finance


type
n.
  1. A number of people or things having in common traits or characteristics that distinguish them as a group or class.
  2. The general character or structure held in common by a number of people or things considered as a group or class.
  3. A person or thing having the features of a group or class.
  4. An example or a model having the ideal features of a group or class; an embodiment: "He was the perfect type of a military dandy" (Joyce Cary).
  5. A person regarded as exemplifying a particular profession, rank, or social group: a group of executive types; a restaurant frequented by tourist types.
  6. A figure, representation, or symbol of something to come, such as an event in the Old Testament that foreshadows another in the New Testament.
    1. A taxonomic group, especially a genus or species, chosen as the representative example in characterizing the larger taxonomic group to which it belongs.
    2. See holotype.

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