2016年5月15日 星期日

dialysis, chronically ill, eczema, rheumatoid arthritis



Bioengineered blood vessels may prove to be safer and more durable than synthetic vessels for patients on dialysis. The findings, if confirmed, could transform care for kidney failure.





Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have successfully treated patients with moderate to severe eczema using a rheumatoid arthritis drug.
耶魯大學醫學院的研究人員成功有中度至重度濕疹類風濕性關節炎用藥治療病人。



Dialysis company officials say federal drug payments should be maintained because they help the companies with other costs not sufficiently covered by the government reimbursements.
In Congress, a Bid to Undo Dialysis Cuts

By ERIC LIPTON

Many members of Congress who voted to eliminate over $500 million a year in federal government waste now want to reverse that move, demonstrating lobbyists' muscle. 




SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. (AP) -- Biotechnology company Genentech Inc. says the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved its new drug to treat rheumatoid arthritis.


Rheumatoid arthritis affects about 1.3 million people in the U.S., according to the Arthritis Foundation.


THE BREAKING POINT

Hospital Falters as Refuge for Illegal Immigrants
By KEVIN SACK
When an Atlanta hospital closed its dialysis unit, many illegal immigrants had to scramble to find treatment.



The Wrong Place to Be Chronically Ill

The care the chronically ill receive in this country — or more often did not receive — ought to be a cause for shame.

Kidney Disease Takes a Growing Toll
Christopher Capozziello for The New York Times
Kidney Disease Takes a Growing Toll
Chronic kidney disease can sneak up on patients with diabetes or untreated high blood pressure. Rita Miller, 65, undergoes dialysis three times a week.



Fresenius
, the giant German maker of dialysis services and products, said Monday that it will buy APP Pharmaceuticals for for about $4.6 billion including debt, giving it control of one of the biggest makers of generic injectable drugs.

Go to Article from The International Herald Tribune»


Hemodialysisalso spelled haemodialysis, commonly called kidney dialysis or simplydialysis, is a process of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not working normally. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemodialysis

血液透析- 维基百科,自由的百科全书
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/血液透析

血液透析(英语:Hemodialysis),是將血液抽出體外,經過血液透析機的滲透膜,清除血液中的新陳代謝廢物和雜質後,再將已淨化的血液輸送回體內,俗稱「洗腎」及「 ...

dialysis  
noun [U] SPECIALIZED
a process of separating dissolved substances by putting them through a thin piece of skin-like material, especially to make pure the blood of people whose kidneys are not working correctly:
a dialysis machine
kidney dialysis
She is on (= being treated by) dialysis.


dialysis 

Pronunciation: /dʌɪˈalɪsɪs/ 

NOUN (plural dialyses /dʌɪˈalɪsiːz/)

[MASS NOUN]
1Chemistry The separation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane.
1.1Medicine The clinical purification of blood by dialysis, as a substitute for the normal function of the kidney.

Derivatives

dialytic

Pronunciation: /dʌɪəˈlɪtɪk/  
ADJECTIVE

Origin

Mid 19th century: via Latin from Greek dialusis, from dialuein 'split, separate', from dia 'apart' + luein 'set free'.


chron・ic



-->
━━ a. 長引く, 慢性の; ひどい, いやな; 病みつきの.
chron・i・cal・ly ━━ ad.
chronic fatigue sndrome 慢性疲労症候群.
chronic unemployment (6か月以上の)慢性的失業, 長期失業.


chronic Show phonetics
adjective
1 (especially of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time:
chronic diseases/conditions
chronic arthritis/pain
a chronic invalid
There is a chronic shortage of teachers.

2 UK INFORMAL very bad:
The acting was chronic.

chronically Show phonetics
adverb
care for the chronically ill


42基因變異 導致類風溼性關節炎 2013年12月27日 楊芬瑩/綜合報導 類風溼性關節炎(Rheumatoid arthritis,RA)這個無法治癒的慢性發炎疾病,像謎一般的致病機轉,科學家已有突破性發現。全球逾70個醫學機構合作分析上1000萬個基因變異,發現其中42個與RA發病有關,且部分變異屬於目前⋯⋯更多

類風濕性關節炎英文:Rheumatoid arthritis,簡稱RA),是一種由自身免疫障礙引致免疫系統攻擊關節的長期慢性炎症。這種炎症會造成關節變形直至殘廢,並會因關節痛楚及磨損而失去部份的活動能力。
這種病症亦會有系統地影響其他關節外的組織,包括皮膚血管心臟肺部肌肉等。

di・al・y・sis



━━ n.pl. di・al・y・ses ) 【化・医】透析; 分析; 分解.



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