charge (ACCUSE FORMALLY) Show phonetics
1 (of the police) to make a formal statement saying that someone is accused of a crime:
She's been charged with murder.
She is charged with murdering her husband.
2 FORMAL to publicly accuse someone of doing something bad:
The paper charged her with using the company's money for her own purposes.
charge Show phonetics
1 LEGAL a formal police statement saying that someone is accused of a crime:
The 19-year-old will be appearing in court on Thursday where she will face criminal charges.
He has been arrested on a charge of murder.
The police brought a charge of theft against him.
The police have had to drop (= stop) charges against her because they couldn't find any evidence.
He claimed he had been arrested on a trumped up (= false) charge.
2 FORMAL when you accuse someone of something bad:
[+ that] The president responded angrily to the charge that she had lost touch with her country's people.
Her refusal to condemn the violence laid/left her open to the charge of positive support for the campaign (= allowed people to say that she supported it).
A negative test result when the attribute for which the subject is being tested actually exists in that subject.
A positive test result in a subject that does not possess the attribute for which the test is being conducted.
Just cause 正當根據
A reasonable and lawful ground for action.
Appearing in statutes, contracts, and court decisions, the term just cause refers to a standard of reasonableness used to evaluate a person's actions in a given set of circumstances. If a person acts with just cause, her or his actions are based on reasonable grounds and committed in good faith. Whether just cause exists must be determined by the courts through an evaluation of the facts in each case. For example, in Dubois v. Gentry, 182 Tenn. 103, 184 S.W. 2d 369 (1945), the Supreme Court of Tennessee faced the question of whether a plaintiff who leased a filling station had acted with just cause in terminating a lease contract. The defendant station owner argued that the plaintiff had no right under the terms of the lease to terminate it. The court found that the plaintiff had just cause to terminate the lease because the effort supporting World War II had created an employee shortage and wartime rationing had placed restrictions on gasoline and automobile parts, making it unprofitable to operate the station.
in private words
- Secluded from the sight, presence, or intrusion of others: a private hideaway.
- Designed or intended for one's exclusive use: a private room.
- Of or confined to the individual; personal: a private joke; private opinions.
- Undertaken on an individual basis: private studies; private research.
- Of, relating to, or receiving special hospital services and privileges: a private patient.
- Not available for public use, control, or participation: a private club; a private party.
- Belonging to a particular person or persons, as opposed to the public or the government: private property.
- Of, relating to, or derived from nongovernment sources: private funding.
- Conducted and supported primarily by individuals or groups not affiliated with governmental agencies or corporations: a private college; a private sanatorium.
- Enrolled in or attending a private school: a private student.
- Not holding an official or public position: a private citizen.
- Not for public knowledge or disclosure; secret: private papers; a private communication.
- Not appropriate for use or display in public; intimate: private behavior; a private tragedy.
- Placing a high value on personal privacy: a private person.
- (Abbr. PVT or Pvt or Pvt.) A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Army or Marine Corps that is below private first class.
- One who holds this rank or a similar rank in a military organization.
- privates Private parts. Often used with the.
- To take a publicly owned company into private ownership, as by a leveraged buyout.
- Not in public; secretly or confidentially.
[Middle English privat, from Latin prīvātus, not in public life, past participle of prīvāre, to release, deprive, from prīvus, single, alone.]privately pri'vate·ly adv.
privateness pri'vate·ness n.