2016年1月8日 星期五

pickle, in a pickle, crap, quandary, mulish, recalcitrant, grueling

From Espresso: Served with relish, our annual Big Mac index shows some currencies in a pickle

California Faces a New Quandary, Too Much Money


After years of grueling battles over state budget deficits and spending cuts, California has a new challenge on its hand: too much money.


The gay reader wanted more of them, and it was hardly surprising that over the following decades, as gay studies started to take on the heft of a discipline, there were ever bolder attempts to catch bigger writers (Henry James being an eminently recalcitrant example) in what Robb calls "the elastic web of gay revisionism".


Our Economic Pickle

The debt-ceiling debate is unlikely to alter one major factor contributing to income inequality: stagnant wages.

Unless, somehow, the debt just goes away. Another of Mr. Wallerstein’s techniques for remaining cool in a serious financial pickle: believe that the pickle might somehow disappear.
“Bank bailouts, company bailouts — I don’t know, we’re the generation of bailouts,” he says in a hallway during a break from his Peak Discovery job. “And like, this debt of mine is just sort of, it’s a little illusory. I feel like at some point, I’ll negotiate it away, or they won’t collect it.”

Challenge for U.S. After Escape by China Activist

A human rights lawyer’s escape from house arrest dealt an embarrassment to China and left the United States, which may be sheltering him, with a diplomatic quandary.

Google Is Buying "Crap" Patents In Motorola Deal (GOOG, MMI)
San Francisco Chronicle
Google says it bought Motorola mainly for its patents. But according to one analyst, those patents are "crap" and won't help Google very much in its patent battles over Android. Motorola already sold its best patents. "First of all, what they bought is ...

A bankruptcy filing looked all but certain for Chrysler after the the Treasury Department's last-minute efforts to win over the automaker's recalcitrant debtholders failed Wednesday night, The New York Times reported, citing people briefed on the talks.

adjective FORMAL
(of a person) unwilling to obey orders or to do what should be done, or (of an animal) refusing to be controlled
━━ a., n. 反抗的な(人), 服従しない, 手に負えない(人).
 re・cal・ci・trancere・cal・ci・tran・cy ━━ n.

noun [U] FORMAL


re • cal • ci • trant
━━[名]扱いにくい人, 強情者.



Marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authority or guidance. See synonyms at unruly.


A recalcitrant person.

[Late Latin recalcitrāns, recalcitrant-, present participle of recalcitrāre, to be disobedient, from Latin, to deny access : re-, re- + calcitrāre, to kick (from calx, calc-, heel).]

recalcitrance re·cal'ci·trance or re·cal'ci·tran·cy n.

mulish Pronunciation

(adjective) Stubborn and intractable; recalcitrant.
Usage:Had I lacked imagination, had I been stupid, had I been stubbornly mulish in having my own way, I should never have got in this pickle.

  1. An edible product, such as a cucumber, that has been preserved and flavored in a solution of brine or vinegar.
  2. A solution of brine or vinegar, often spiced, for preserving and flavoring food.
  3. A chemical solution, such as an acid, that is used as a bath to remove scale and oxides from the surface of metals before plating or finishing.
  4. Informal. A disagreeable or troublesome situation; a plight. See synonyms at predicament.
  5. Baseball. A rundown.
tr.v., -led, -ling, -les.
  1. To preserve or flavor (food) in a solution of brine or vinegar.
  2. To treat (metal) in a chemical bath.
[Middle English pikle, highly seasoned sauce, probably from Middle Dutch pekel, pickle, brine.]
WORD HISTORY Trade with the Low Countries across the North Sea was important to England in the later Middle Ages, and it is perhaps because of this trade that we have the word pickle. Middle English pikel, the ancestor of our word, is first recorded around 1400 with the meaning "a spicy sauce or gravy served with meat or fowl." This is a different sense from the one the word brings to mind now, but it is somewhat related in sense to its possible Middle Dutch source pekel, a solution, such as spiced brine, for preserving and flavoring food. After coming into English the word pickle expanded its sense range in several ways. It was applied, as it had been in Middle Dutch, to a pickling solution. Later pickle was used to refer to something so treated, such as a cucumber. The word also took on a figurative sense, "a troublesome situation," perhaps under the influence of a similar Dutch usage in the phrase in de pekel zitten, "sit in the pickle," and iemand in de pekel laten zitten, "let someone sit in the pickle."

1: . To defecate. (1846 —) .
A. Baron They'd crapped on the floor, in the same rooms they'd slept in (1953).

trans. US To talk nonsense to; to act or speak deceitfully to. (1930 —) .
S. Ellin I don't want you to crap me....I want your honest opinion (1958).

to crap out US To be unsuccessful, to lose; to fail; to withdraw from a game or other activity. (1933 —) .

to crap around US To behave foolishly; to mess around. (1937 —) .
S. Kauffmann Let's not crap around. Let's get to the business in hand (1952). noun

Excrement; defecation. (1898 —) .
J. D. Salinger There didn't look like there was anything in the park except dog crap (1951).

Rubbish, nonsense. (1898 —) .
Punch And what a load of crap that was (1964).

[Earlier noun senses 'chaff, refuse from fat-boiling'; ultimately from Dutch krappe. In sense 3, perh. from crap(s) a game of chance played with dice.]

in a pickle
Also, in a pickle or spot. In a difficult or embarrassing situation, in a dilemma. For example, I was really in a fix when I missed the plane, or Lost and out of gas--how did we get in such a pickle? or John had lost all his money in the crap game--now he was in a spot. The first of these colloquial usages dates from the early 1800s; pickle in the sense of a mess or quandary, sometimes put as in a pretty pickle, dates from the 1500s; spot, also put as in a bad spot or tough spot, dates from the early 1900s. Also see in a bind; in deep, def. 2; in the soup; in trouble;on the spot.


  • 発音記号[kwɑ'ndəri | kwɔ'n-]
[名](…についての)困惑, 苦境, 板ばさみ((about, over ...)). ⇒PREDICAMENT[類語]
in a (great) quandary
(非常に)困惑して, 途方に暮れて.


Pronunciation: /ˈkwɒnd(ə)ri/
Translate quandary | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of quandary

noun (plural quandaries)

  • a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation:Kate was in a quandary
  • a difficult situation; a practical dilemma:a legal quandary


late 16th century: perhaps partly from Latin quando 'when'


Pronunciation: /ˈgrʊəlɪŋ/

(US grueling)
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Definition of gruelling


  • extremely tiring and demanding:a gruelling schedule





mid 19th century: from the verb gruel 'exhaust, punish', from an old phrase get one's gruel 'receive one's punishment'