2014年10月26日星期日

deter, deterrent, deterrence, silo, piece together,set-piece, paradoxically

The Devil's in the deterrant (sic) : countries with citizens that believe strongly in hell have lower crime rates ‪#‎econarchive‬ (2012)http://econ.st/1vHAJLm
  1. Obama Weighs ‘Limited’ Strikes Against Syrian ForcesPresident Obama is exploring a range of military actions against Syria designed to “deter and degrade” the ability of President Bashar al-Assad’s regime to launch chemical weapons, officials said.


Turkey
Standing still: a new form of protest in Turkey

Thousands of people are now expressing their anger with Turkish Prime
Minister Erdogan by standing silent and motionless in streets and squares -
a new tactic that they hope will deter police violence.

Taiwan's military deterrent remains strong, Ma says.
Leaders Piece Together an Effort to Keep the Euro Intact
By STEVEN ERLANGER
European leaders are working overtime on a tentative deal to try to save the euro, which they hope to complete at a crucial summit meeting this week. 
 "He has got a terrific image and used it very well. He never had a trick, wasn't particularly quick, but he was very good at set-pieces and deliveries, he made chances and made goals and was fantastic for clubs.
piece together
Join or combine parts into a whole, as in With information from several observers, she pieced together an account of what had actually taken place. [Late 1500s]


Mention "nukes," and most oil bulls think "Iran." But speculators bidding Nymex crude back above $100 a barrel Wednesday should recall a fundamental aspect of nuclear strategy.
Classic Cold War nuclear deterrence rested on the concept of mutually assured destruction. In practice, this meant that if you ever got to the point where you actually had to press the button, then your whole strategy had failed: There could be no "winners" of a global nuclear war (except maybe the rats and cockroaches). Paradoxically, the value of nuclear weapons was highest when they remained in their silos.
The same goes for emergency measures in the financial markets. Oil, alongside many stock markets, jumped Wednesday after several major central banks announced a joint effort to ease dollar funding for European banks. Cue high fives all round as liquidity eases. But the very fact that the Fed and its various counterparts had to do this speaks to an interbank-lending market that is seizing up amid the euro zone's existential crisis. Central banks don't announce emergency measures unless there's an emergency—which is usually not great for demand.
China's move Wednesday to cut reserve requirements for its banks also drew a collective "yay!" from the oil market. But while China's move isn't in the same league as the dollar-swap measure, it is still indicative of an effort by Beijing to use easier lending to head off various signs of a slowdown in the economy of the world's No. 1 consumer of most industrial commodities.
Set this against the fact that the latest official data showed a surprise jump in U.S. oil inventories and continuing sluggish gasoline demand—hardly indicating a tight market. Investors shouldn't let shock-and-awe blind them to the mundanities of supply and demand.





paradoxically
音節
par • a • dox • i • cal • ly
[副]逆説的に;((文修飾))逆説的に言えば, 矛盾しているように思われるかもしれないが(paradoxically enough).

silo[si・lo]

  • 発音記号[sáilou]

[名]サイロ.
1 まぐさ・セメント・穀物などの貯蔵[発酵]用の通例塔状の建造物;(穀物などの貯蔵用)地下室, 室(むろ).
2 《軍事》ミサイルとその発射装置の地下格納設備.
━━[動](他)…をサイロに貯蔵する.

silo
(') pronunciation
n., pl., -los.
    1. A tall cylindrical structure, usually beside a barn, in which fodder is stored.
    2. A pit dug for the same purpose.
  1. An underground shelter for a missile, usually equipped to launch the missile or to raise it into a launching position.
tr.v., -loed, -lo·ing, -los.
To store in a silo.

[Spanish.]


Definition of deter


  1. verb (deters, deterring, deterred)

[with object]
  • discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences:only a health problem would deter him from seeking re-election
  • prevent the occurrence of:strategists think not only about how to deter war, but about how war might occur

Origin:

mid 16th century: from Latin deterrere, from de- 'away from' + terrere 'frighten'




deterrent

Pronunciation: /dɪˈtɛr(ə)nt/

Definition of deterrent




noun

  • a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something:cameras are a major deterrent to crime
  • a nuclear weapon or weapons system regarded as deterring an enemy from attack: Britain’s nuclear deterrent

adjective

  • able or intended to deter:the deterrent effect of heavy prison sentences




Derivatives






deterrence

noun

Origin:

early 19th century: from Latin deterrent- 'deterring', from the verb deterrere (see deter)


deterrence

(dĭ-tûr'əns, -tŭr'-) pronunciation
n.
  1. The act or a means of deterring.
  2. Measures taken by a state or an alliance of states to prevent hostile action by another state.

deterrence[de・ter・rence]

レベル:社会人必須発音記号[ditə'ːrəns | -tér-]
[名]制止[抑止](物), 妨害(物);戦争阻止
mutual deterrence
相互抑止.


deterrent[de・ter・rent]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[ditə'ːrənt | -tér-]

[形]〈物・事が〉妨げる, 抑止する
deterrent weather
出足を鈍らす天候.
━━[名]
1 (…を)引き留めるもの, (…の)妨害物((to ...)).
2 (軍事)抑止力
the ultimate deterrent
究極的抑止力(▼核兵器をさす).




Definition of set piece

noun

  • 1a passage or section of a novel, play, film, or piece of music that is arranged in an elaborate or conventional pattern for maximum effect:the film lurches from one comic set piece to another
  • a formal and carefully structured speech: [as modifier]:his first set-piece speech of the campaign
2British a carefully organized and practised move in a team game by which the ball is returned to play, as at a scrum or a free kick: in the 89th minute another set piece produced the third goal [as modifier]:a hat-trick of exciting tries from set-piece moves

set piece


 
音節
sét pìece
レベル
社会人必須
1 (文芸などで)型にはまった作品;(演劇などで)常套(じょうとう)的場面[所作など].
2 仕掛け花火.
3 《演劇》張りぼて, 小道具.
4 精密な計画に従って遂行される軍事作戦[試合の作戦].