2015年3月28日 星期六

exhalation, aspirational, Fortune sponsored, unintended consequences

"I have touched the highest point of all my greatness;
And from that full meridian of my glory
I haste now to my setting: I shall fall
Like a bright exhalation in the evening,
And no man see me more."
--Cardinal Thomas Wolsey from "Henry VIII" (3.2.270)


So take out the trash — for your little girl’s sake.
A psychological study finds that daughters of men who help out at home...
TIME

Unlike Beck, Hayek was a very serious thinker, and it would be too bad if the current association between the two led us to dismiss his thought. Hayek always had problems getting the respect he deserved; even when he was awarded the Nobel in economic science in 1974, the awards committee paired him with the left-leaning economist Gunnar Myrdal. With the passage of time, however, many of the ideas expressed in “The Constitution of Liberty” have become broadly accepted by economists — e.g., that labor unions create a privileged labor sector at the expense of the nonunionized; that rent control reduces the supply of housing; or that agricultural subsidies lower the general welfare and create a bonanza for politicians. His view that ambitious ­government-sponsored programs often produce unintended consequences served as an intellectual underpinning of the Reagan-Thatcher revolution of the 1980s and ’90s. Now that the aspirations of that revolution are being revived by Tea Partiers and other conservatives, it is useful to review some of the intellectual foundations on which it rested.


Albania's EU aspirations still hampered by totalitarian past




Fortune 和Aspiration

今日世界出版社的天生英哲Yankee from Olympus, 1944, 香港1962年初版--採用讀者文摘的摘要版 , 1975年八版



這本書的結尾 引下述演講詞 HOLMES' 1884 MEMORIAL DAY SPEECH 黑體字部分


But, nevertheless, the generation that carried on the war has been set apart by its experience. Through our great good fortune, in our youth our hearts were touched with fire. It was given to us to learn at the outset that life is a profound and passionate thing. While we are permitted to scorn nothing but indifference, and do not pretend to undervalue the worldly rewards of ambition, we have seen wih our own eyes, beyond and above the gold fields, the snowy heights of honor, and it is for us to bear the report to those who come after us. But, above all, we have learned that whether a man accepts from Fortune her spade, and will look downward and dig, or from Aspiration her axe and cord, and will scale the ice, the one and only success which it is his to command is to bring to his work a mighty heart.
思果先生的翻譯是:
"不管一個人是從幸運女神那兒接受了他的鏟子低下頭去挖土 或是希女神那兒接受了他斧頭和繩往冰上爬 唯一屬於他的成功在於做事要有一顆剛毅的心。"


 我對翻譯的一些看法: 這牽涉到神話"希望女神"的翻譯可商榷。Aspiration是與"幸運"對比 或許是"努力女神"。"努力" (自力奮鬥)即 action of desiring and striving for something"....
我根據Shorter O.E.D  "aspiration"詞句 的一句 B. Bainbridge的 "His entire life, with its small triumphs and disasters, its boundless hopes and aspirations for the future."
 其中hopes 和 aspirations是 對比
 末句"唯一屬於他的" 或許可改成"唯一他能控制的,就是成功在於做事要有一顆剛毅的心。"..


well's run dry, bonanza

 aspirant

 (ăs'pər-ənt, ə-spīr'-) pronunciation
n.
One who aspires, as to advancement, honors, or a high position.

adj.
Seeking recognition, distinction, or advancement.

 

 

 

aspiration

Line breaks: as¦pir|ation
Pronunciation: /aspəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/

noun

  • 1 (usually aspirations) A hope or ambition of achieving something: the needs and aspirations of the people [mass noun]: the yawning gulf between aspiration and reality

  • 2 [mass noun] Medicine The action or process of drawing breath.

  • 2.1The action of drawing fluid by suction from a vessel or cavity: bathing solutions were changed by careful aspiration

  • 3 [mass noun] Phonetics The action of pronouncing a sound with an exhalation of breath: there is no aspiration if the syllable begins with s


Origin

late Middle English (in sense 3): from Latin aspiratio(n-), from the verb aspirare (see aspire).

 

aspiration
  • [æ`spəréiʃən]
[名]
1 [U][C](…への)強い願望, あこがれ, 大望, 大志, 野心((for, after, toward ..., to do));願望の対象, 目標
her aspiration(s) for fame
彼女の強い名誉欲
He had aspirations to be a lawyer.
彼には弁護士になりたいという強い願望があった.
2 呼吸, 吸気.
3 [U]《音声学》気音.
4 《医学》吸引.

aspirational

Line breaks: as¦pir|ation¦al
Pronunciation: /ˌaspɪˈreɪʃən(ə)l/

adjective

  • Having or characterized by aspirations to achieve social prestige and material success: young, aspirational, and independent women


Derivatives


aspirationally

adverb

 

exhalation

noun ex·ha·la·tion \ˌeks-hə-ˈlā-shən, ˌek-sə-\

Definition of EXHALATION

1
:  something exhaled or given off :  emanation
2
:  an act of exhaling