2014年9月21日星期日

transcribe, rail , raillery, perforce



We have transcribed ourselves into terms of architecture. We transcribed architecture into terms of ourselves.


And the reason is, that my secretary cannot transcribe Sweet, having been perforce taught in the schools of Pitman. Therefore, Sweet railed at Pitman as vainly as Thersites railed at Ajax: his raillery, however it may have eased his soul, gave no popular vogue to Current Shorthand.


perforce
adv.
By necessity; by force of circumstance.
[Middle English par force, from Old French : par, by (from Latin per; see per) + force, force; see force.]


rail3 (rāl) pronunciation
intr.v., railed, rail·ing, rails.
To express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language. See synonyms at scold.



rail·ler·y ('lə-rē)
n., pl. -ies.
  1. Good-natured teasing or ridicule; banter.
  2. An instance of bantering or teasing.
[French raillerie, from Old French railler, to tease. See rail3.]


transcribe 

Line breaks: tran|scribe
Pronunciation: /tranˈskrʌɪb 
  
, trɑːn-/

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Put (thoughts, speech, or data) into written or printed form:each interview was taped and transcribed
1.1Transliterate (foreign characters) or write or type out (shorthand, notes, or other abbreviated forms) into ordinary characters or full sentences:the court was adjourned so that they could transcribe their notes
2Arrange (a piece of music) for a different instrument, voice, or group of these:his largest early work was transcribed for organ
3Biochemistry Synthesize (RNA) using a template of existing DNA (or vice versa), so that the genetic information is copied:polymerases transcribe it into a long RNA molecule

Origin

mid 16th century (in the sense 'make a copy in writing'): from Latin transcribere, from trans- 'across' + scribere'write'.


[動](他)((形式))
1 〈口述・講義・演説を〉筆記[タイプ]する;〈テープ・会話・講演を〉文字に起こす
The conversation was later transcribed into a book.
その会話はのちに文字に起こされて本になった.
2 〈書類・テキストを〉書き写す,複写[謄写]する.
3 〈発音を〉(発音記号・音素記号で)(…と)書き表す((as ...)).
4 〈書かれたものを〉(他の言語・記号に)書き換える,翻訳[転写]する((into ...))
have transcribed the Japanese into Roman characters.
日本語をローマ字に書き換えた.
5 〈曲を〉(他の楽器用に)編曲する((for ...)).
6 〈番組・報道などを〉放送用に録音する;〈録音を〉再生する;〈録音を〉(CDなどに)再録する((on, onto ...)).
7 遺伝〈遺伝情報を〉転写する. ⇒TRANSCRIPTION 5
[ラテン語trānscrībere(trans-越えて+scrībere書く=写して書く). △SCRIBE2
tran・scríb・er
[名]謄写者,写字生;転写機.