2017年4月24日 星期一

OED QED, smattering , OED'Gender Reassignment,' 'Auto-Complete', What's new


Times Literary Supplement

"Like its equivalent dictionaries across the world, the OED is a national treasure. That it has a fascinating story is to be expected."

The OED’s is a long story, filled with practical details and individual biographies, as befits a work that from inception to publication took nearly eighty years.
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"The manuscript of the torture report was due to the printer at nine the next morning, a start-to-finish turnaround of less than seventy-two hours. A dozen full-time employees, plus a smattering of freelance proofreaders, copy-editors, interns, and volunteers sat at computers, retyping the government PDF’s tangle of text into Microsoft Word files."
The independent press in Dumbo will publish the Intelligence Committee’s report in paperback and e-book editions on December 30th.
NEWYORKER.COM

What's new

Latest online update: June 2011

The latest revisions to the OED look at a range of high-profile terms from across the disciplines. There are some big scientific terms: ‘brain’, for instance, and all the ‘crystal-’ words. We are handling a higher proportion of scientific words today than we did a hundred years ago and the ‘auto-‘ words bridge the gap between scientific and non-scientific vocabulary.
Other major entries just revised include ‘woman’, ‘gender’, ‘environment’, ‘green’, ‘urban’, ‘Irish’, ‘Scottish’, ‘Welsh’, ‘baby’, the initial letter ‘A’ (with its abbreviations and initialisms), and ‘use’, and all of their related phrases, derivative, compounds, and surrounding entries.
There are over 1840 newly revised and updated entries in all. Read more about the revisions in the June update from the Chief Editor of the OED John Simpson.
The June update also adds new words from across the dictionary. These include auto-complete n. , babe n., brain candy n. , cryonaut n, environmentally unfriendly adj. , gender reassignment n. green fuel n. to laugh it up at laugh v., urb n. , and dating back, perhaps surprisingly, as far as 1887 use it or lose it at use v.. Read more about the new words in the June 2011 update and see the complete list.
The OED publishes four updates a year. The next update will be added to the dictionary in September 2011.
In December 2010 the OED online relaunched with new functionality and the addition of the Historical Thesaurus of the OED, read Welcome to the new OED Online notes about the featured changes.

vocabulary

Oxford English Dictionary's New Entries Include 'Gender Reassignment,' 'Auto-Complete'
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June's update to the Oxford English Dictionary includes almost 2,000 new or revised entries. Some terms have gained status through the worlds of technology or gender politics. Others are just good, old-fashioned slang (hello, use it or lose it), that have finally become mainstream enough to make the cut.
(MORE: Scrabble Adds 'Grrl' to Game Dictionary)
Here is a smattering of the OED's newly approved terms:
Brain, being the rather important entity it is, has been given new subentries this time around. These include brain candy, meaning "broadly appealing, undemanding entertainment which is not intellectually stimulating." You may be familiar with its cousins eye-candy and ear candy.
New scientific terms also include cryonaut: "A person who is cryogenically preserved with a view to being revived in the distant future." There will, presumably, be a photo of Austin Powers alongside this entry in any future print editions.
There are also more technological terms like auto-complete—which, as any kid who's used Google can tell you, is "a software feature that uses text already entered in a given field to predict or generate the characters the user is likely to enter next."
Gender reassignment, meaning "the process of a person adopting the physical characteristics of the opposite sex by means of medical procedures such as surgery or hormone treatment," is now included, perhaps given more clout by people like Chaz Bono.
Environmentally unfriendly has been added, though it does not (funny as it would be) refer to someone who is rude while recycling, but rather to something "designed, produced, or operating in a way that causes, or does not minimize, harm to the natural environment."
And two familiar slang terms that have made it into the benchmark dictionary are to laugh it up (which one uses "to suggest an impending reversal of fortune," as in, "Go on. Laugh it up. But you'll see. You'll all see.") and use it or lose it, which OED defines simply as, "an admonition."
(For a full list of terms, check the OED's "What's new" portion of their site.)
(MORE: "Mubaraking": When Politicians Become Slang)

Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2011/06/16/oxford-english-dictionarys-new-entries-include-gender-reassignment-auto-complete/#ixzz1PoqrJ4Qg




smattering

Line breaks: smat¦ter|ing
Pronunciation: /ˈsmatərɪŋ /

(also smatter)


NOUN

1A slight superficial knowledge of a language or subject:Edward had only a smattering of Welsh
1.1A small amount of something:a smattering of snow

Origin

mid 16th century: from smatter 'talk ignorantly, prate' (surviving in Scots), of unknown origin.

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