2016年8月26日 星期五

godfather, marshal, provost, dean, deanery, chair, contextualization

‪#‎Harvard‬ Class of 2015 class marshals announced. |http://ow.ly/BxJBO
While the eight class marshals elected to represent the Class of 2015 hail...

Thousands of runners who took part in the Marathon of the North races have been told the course they followed was 264m short.
Competitors in the full and half marathons took a wrong turn in the Sunderland events because marshals were standing in the wrong positions.

Only in one area do Sperber’s efforts at contextualization fall short. He argues that Marx’s writings on the Jewish question, including his hostile comments about Jews, should be understood as “embedded” in the attitudes of the age and therefore not deemed straightforwardly anti-Semitic. But such a view is not easy to hold given the evidence Sperber himself marshals, including an 1875 letter to Engels in which Marx — born a Jew, apparently just before his father’s conversion to Protestantism — casually describes a fellow train passenger as a “little Yid,” before offering a description that Sperber, to his credit, concedes “is a stereotypical denunciation of an uncultured and greedy Jew.”
 斯珀伯在“情景化”上的努力只有一個地方有所欠缺,那就是他認為馬克思關於猶太人問題的作品,包括馬克思對猶太人的敵意言論,應當被“嵌入到”那個 時代的態度中去理解,因此不應該被視為是赤裸裸的反猶太主義。但是從斯珀伯自己整理的證據來看,這個觀點不太站得住腳,比如馬克思在1875年寫給恩格斯 的一封信中,信口把他在火車上遇到的一個乘客稱為“小猶太”(little Yid),然後對此人進行了描述。馬克思出生時是猶太人,他父親顯然在他出生後不久才皈依了新教。斯珀伯不情願地承認,這個描述是“一個蒙昧、貪婪的猶太 人的模式化的陳舊譴責”。作者能這麼說倒是值得讚揚。

Years ago, Peter Drucker, often called "The Dean of American Management Consultants", took an old cliché and updated it a bit. Peter is said to have started ...

Benjamin Graham: The Memoirs of the Dean of Wall Street

The Godfather Family Album

"For Godfather fans—that is, pretty much every man in America—there's no way to refuse the offer of TASCHEN's Godfather Family Album." —New York Post

Previously restricted to 1,000 Limited Edition copies, this is the unlimited trade edition for cinephiles and 'family' members on a budget!

讓我想起翻譯成 "華爾街教父"的這本

"The Dean of Wall Street"
有意思的是,該文給胡適下的不朽處,竟不是胡先生的三不朽(楊聯陞先生在給《陳世驤選集》作序敬輓,就是用胡適的話來破題的,該文功力不凡),或是像我們在《華爾街大老》(The Dean of Wall Street)中了解的,傳主 Benjamin Graham的墓誌銘是刻了丁尼生詩歌Ulysses 的句子--他與胡適都極喜愛。(詳《努力、探尋、發現、永不退讓、不屈服》)

在紐約大學 Buffalo校區或西北大學等校
校長之下都設數位 provosts


n. (Abbr. Prov.)
  1. A university administrator of high rank.
  2. The highest official in certain cathedrals or collegiate churches.
  3. The keeper of a prison.
  4. The chief magistrate of certain Scottish cities.
[Middle English, from Old English profost and Old French provost, both from Medieval Latin prōpositus, alteration of Latin praepositus, person placed over others, superintendent, from past participle of praepōnere, to place over : prae-, pre- + pōnere, to put.]

━━ n. 【英大学】学寮長; 【米大学】(Presidentに次ぐ)副学長, (大学分校の)学長; 教務部長; 〔スコットランド〕 市長; 【宗】=dean.

provost court 【軍】(占領地に置く)軍事裁判所.
provost marshal
 【陸軍】憲兵司令官; 【海軍】未決監長.


  • 発音記号[mɑ'ːrʃəl]
1 (フランスなどの陸軍の)元帥;軍の高官, 司令官
the marshal of France
a marshal of the Royal Air Force
2 ((米))連邦法執行官(連邦司法管轄区ごとに任命されsheriff相当の職務をする);(ある地域の)警察署長;消防署長.
3 ((英))判事付き事務官;王室[宮廷]の高官.
4 儀式[進行]係.
━━[動](〜ed, 〜・ing;((英))〜led, 〜・ling)(他)
1 〈兵・軍隊を〉配列[結集, 整列]させる.
2 〈人を〉(礼儀正しく)案内[先導]する, 所定の位置につかせる.
3 〈物を〉整理する, 集める.
1 〈兵・軍隊が〉並ぶ, 整列する, 所定の位置につく.
2 〈考えなどが〉まとまる.
[古フランス語←古高ドイツ語marascalh (marah馬+scalh下男=馬丁). 後, 名誉ある称号に格上げになった. △MARE1(雌馬)]
mar・shal・er, ((英))・ler


Pronunciation: /ˈmɑːʃ(ə)l/

Definition of marshal


  • 1an officer of the highest rank in the armed forces of some countries: [as title]:Marshal Tito
  • British historical a high-ranking officer of state.
  • 2US a federal or municipal law-enforcement officer.
  • the head of a police department.
  • North American the head of a fire department.
  • an official responsible for supervising sports events, and for controlling crowds in other public events: ground marshals joined the referee and touch judges in trying to regain order
  • 4(in the UK) an official accompanying a judge on circuit to act as secretary and personal assistant.

verb (marshals, marshalling, marshalled; US marshals, marshaling, marshaled)

[with object]
  • 1assemble and arrange (a group of people, especially troops) in order:the general marshalled his troops
  • bring together and arrange in order (facts, ideas, objects, etc.):he paused for a moment, as if marshalling his thoughts
  • position (rolling stock) in the correct order.
  • direct the movement of (an aircraft) on the ground at an airport.
  • 2 Heraldry combine (coats of arms) to indicate marriage, descent, or the bearing of office: the quarters include those appearing on the Warwick Plate, but in addition there is marshalled that of Grey






Middle English (denoting a high-ranking officer of state): from Old French mareschal 'farrier, commander', from late Latin mariscalcus, from Germanic elements meaning 'horse' (compare with mare1) and 'servant'

    1. An administrative officer in charge of a college, faculty, or division in a university.
    2. An officer of a college or high school who counsels students and supervises the enforcement of rules.
  1. Ecclesiastical. The head of the chapter of canons governing a cathedral or collegiate church.
  2. Roman Catholic Church. A priest appointed to oversee a group of parishes within a diocese.
  3. The senior member of a body or group: the dean of the Washington diplomatic corps.
[Middle English deen, from Old French deien, from Late Latin decānus, chief of ten, from decem, ten, or from Greek dekānos, chief of ten (from deka, ten).]
deanship dean'ship' n.━━ n. (cathedralまたはcollegiate churchの)聖堂参事会長, 司祭長; (英国国教の)地方監督; (大学の)学部長; 〔英〕 (Oxbridgeの)学生監; 〔米〕 学生部長; 長老.
dean・er・y ━━ n. deanの地位[職務,権威,管轄,邸宅]; 〔英〕 地方監督の管区.

[名詞] (pl. -er・ies) dean1 の地位[職,権威];((英)) dean1 の管轄区域[管轄権];dean1 の公宅.
  1. 1.
    the group of parishes presided over by a rural dean.
  2. 2.
    the official residence of a dean.

dean・ship ━━ n. deanの職[地位,任期].
dean's list 〔米〕 (大学の)成績優秀者名簿.


    1. An office or position of authority, such as a professorship.
    2. A person who holds an office or a position of authority, such as one who presides over a meeting or administers a department of instruction at a college; a chairperson.

━━ n. いす; (大学の)講座; (the 〜) 議長[教授]の座[職], 議長; 大統領[知事,市長]の職; 〔米話〕 (the 〜) 電気いす.
appeal to the chair 議長に採決を求める.
get [go to] the chair 〔米話〕 死刑になる.
leave the chair 議長席を去る; 閉会する.
Pull up a chair. かけたまえ.
take a chair 着席する.
take the chair 議長席に着く, 開会[司会]する.


(also contextualise)
Translate contextualize | into German
Definition of contextualize


[with object]
  • place or study in context:the excellent introduction summarizes and contextualizes Bowen’s career



Pronunciation: /-ˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/