2017年6月12日 星期一

ford, on the back foot, one-time, kingmaker, free press, opening, circumscribe


 The bad news is that would-be reformers are clearly on the back foot. The Shanghai trade zone holds out the prospect of only limited exemptions from capital controls and circumscribed opportunities for foreign banks to compete for Chinese customers.


《中英對照讀新聞》Phone hacking provides opening for Britain’s Miliband 電話竊聽案提供了英國工黨領袖米勒班大好良機
◎俞智敏
After months on the back foot, British opposition leader Ed Miliband has found his voice with the phone hacking row, leading the charge against one-time political kingmaker Rupert Murdoch.
在連續幾個月處於劣勢後,英國反對黨領袖米勒班終於在電話竊聽醜聞中找到了自己的聲音,帶頭對抗曾為政壇造王者的媒體大亨梅鐸。
Responding to the announcement that Murdoch’s News Corp. had bowed to political pressure over the hacking and withdrawn its offer for pay-TV giant BSkyB, Miliband said it was a victory for a scandalised public.
針對梅鐸旗下的「新聞集團」向電話竊聽案所引發的政治壓力低頭,宣布撤回收購付費電視台BSkyB(英國天空廣播公司)一事,米勒班回應說,這是憤慨英國民眾的勝利。
But others have noted that it has also been a good week for Miliband, who had been criticised for a slow start since he beat his older and better-known brother David to the Labour leadership in September 2010.
但其他人卻指出,這一週對米勒班本人而言也是好事連連,自從他在去年9月擊敗知名度較高的哥哥大衛.米勒班、當選工黨領袖後,就一直被批評起步太慢。
"A Labour leader is born", the left-leaning Independent newspaper said in an editorial recently, while the conservative Daily Telegraph declared that "Ed Miliband’s moment has come -- as defender of a free press".
「工黨領袖誕生了,」左傾的「獨立報」最近在社論中寫道,而保守派的「每日電訊報」也宣稱,「艾德.米勒班,自由媒體捍衛者的時候已經到來。」
It was at Miliband’s request that Prime Minister David Cameron announced a public inquiry into the claims that the News of the World hacked the phone of a murdered teenager, and it was the Labour leader who tabled a motion in parliament calling on News Corp. to withdraw its offer for BSkyB.
在米勒班的要求下,首相卡麥隆才宣布對「世界新聞報」被控竊聽一名被謀殺的青少女手機一案進行公開調查,而在國會中提出動議呼籲新聞集團撤回BSkyB收購案的同樣也是米勒班。









Fording a river
ford

fɔːd/
noun
  1. 1.
    a shallow place in a river or stream allowing one to walk or drive across.
    synonyms:crossing place, crossingcauseway
verb
  1. 1.
    (of a person or vehicle) cross (a river or stream) at a shallow place.
    synonyms:crosstraverse

新聞辭典
opening:An opportunity affording a chance of success.
名詞,指機會、成功的好時機,如She waited patiently for her opening, then exposed the report’s inconsistency.(她耐心等待機會來臨,然後一舉揭發報告中的矛盾處。)
on the back foot:英式俚語,指採取防守姿勢,居於不利地位,如Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is "on the back foot", UK Defence Secretary Liam Fox says, citing new momentum in Nato’s air campaign.(英國國防部長福克斯舉北約空襲的全新氣勢表示,利比亞領袖格達費已經「居於劣勢」。)

 (idiomatic) In a defensive posture; off-balance.

on the back foot at a disadvantage; outmanoeuvred or outclassed by an opponent they were on the back foot directly from the kick-off


bow to sb/sth:指(在不情願的情況下)向某人或某事屈服,如Eventually the government was forced to bow to public pressure and reform the tax.(政府終究還是被迫向民意壓力屈服,決定改革稅制。)




circumscribe

Syllabification: (cir·cum·scribe)
Pronunciation: /ˈsərkəmˌskrīb/

verb

[with object]
  • 1restrict (something) within limits:their movements were strictly monitored and circumscribed
  • 2 Geometry draw (a figure) around another, touching it at points but not cutting it. Compare with inscribe.

Derivatives



circumscriber

noun


circumscription


noun

Origin:

late Middle English: from Latin circumscribere, from circum 'around' + scribere 'write'

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