2017年4月26日 星期三

votive, invoke, solicit, motto, seal, sanctuary, sanctuary cities

Turner's The Golden Bough
Inspiring view ... Turner's mythological landscape of 1834, The Golden Bough. Reproduction courtesy of Tate Britain


n fact, Turner's 1834 painting The Golden Bough, owned by Tate Britain, depicts Lake Avernus in Campania, with the Cumaean Sibyl, but no matter. Turner did also depict Lake Nemi, beside which in ancient times stood a sanctuary of the goddess Diana Nemorensis, Diana of the Wood; votive offerings left there can be seen today in the British Museum. The shrine, explains Frazer, was next to a sacred grove. And it's what took place inside the grove that concerns him.

Why does he invoke Turner? To answer this question is to discover the true nature of Frazer's book, The Golden Bough's golden bough.
Frazer started his book in the 1880s; Turner had died in 1851. Over the course of the book's successive editions (published in two volumes in 1890, it was expanded to 12 volumes by 1915, and condensed to a mere 714 pages in the author's own abridged version of 1922), the very identity of Turner as an artist changed. In his lifetime Turner had been controversial; people were constantly disparaging his "mustard" yellows and "harsh" light. He was famous as a painter of myth and history: a perspective on Turner of which we've almost lost sight. In 1905, the Tate Gallery exhibited a selection of some of the works left by Turner to the nation that had previously been considered unfinished; in the light of Monet it suddenly looked as if Turner had secretly invented impressionism, yet been unable to make this public in the culture of Victorian England.



A federal judge in California temporarily blocked the Trump administration from denying funding to sanctuary cities, a victory for Yale Law School clinic students who worked around the clock to aid the City Attorney of San Francisco's Office in filing the “case of a lifetime.”


Financing Fading for Retired Chimpanzees
The National Institutes of Health is nearing a cap on spending for the national chimpanzee sanctuary, even as it retires more chimps from biomedical research.


FCC to Solicit Comment on Cellphone Jamming
The FCC said it will seek comment on whether to allow government agencies to block cellphone services "for the purpose of ensuring public safety."




Bain Attacks Make Inroads for President
By JIM RUTENBERG and JEFF ZELENY

President Obama is successfully invoking Mitt Romney's career at Bain Capital to raise doubts about Mr. Romney's commitment to the middle class, strategists in both parties say.

solicit[so・lic・it]

  • 発音記号[səlísit]
[動](他)
1 ((形式))〈援助・支持・好意を〉嘆願する;〈忠告・意見・提案・投稿を〉求める, 歓迎する;[solicit A for B/solicit B from [of] A]〈B(援助・支持・好意・物)を得ようとA(人)に〉頼む, せがむ;[V[名]to do]〈人に〉(…してくれと)せがむ
solicit a person's advice
助言を求める
We solicit readers' contributions to this column.
この欄への読者の投稿を歓迎します
We solicited him for a contribution.
彼に寄付金を求めた
He solicited favors from [of] her.
彼女の愛顧を懇願した.
2 〈人に〉(悪いことを)そそのかす((to ...))
solicit a person to evil
人に悪事を勧める.
3 〈売春婦などが〉〈客を〉誘う, 引く.
4 ((米))訪問販売する.
━━(自)
1 (…を)懇請する, (援助などを)求める((for ...));注文取りをする, 勧誘する;物ごいをする
solicit for a contribution
寄付を募る.
2 〈売春婦が〉客を引く.
[中フランス語←ラテン語sollicitāre (sollus全体の+ciēre動揺さす+-tus+-āre=全体的に動揺した状態にする). △SOLEMN, CITE

votive
('tĭv) pronunciation

adj.
  1. Given or dedicated in fulfillment of a vow or pledge: a votive offering.
  2. Expressing or symbolizing a wish, desire, or vow: a votive prayer; votive candles.
[Latin vōtīvus, from vōtum, vow. See vote.]
votively vo'tive·ly adv.


invoke
(ĭn-vōk') pronunciation
tr.v., -voked, -vok·ing, -vokes.
  1. To call on (a higher power) for assistance, support, or inspiration: "Stretching out her hands she had the air of a Greek woman who invoked a deity" (Ford Madox Ford).
  2. To appeal to or cite in support or justification.
  3. To call for earnestly; solicit: invoked the help of a passing motorist.
  4. To summon with incantations; conjure.
  5. To resort to; use or apply: "Shamelessly, he invokes coincidence to achieve ironic effect" (Newsweek).
  6. Computer Science. To activate or start (a program, for example).
[Middle English envoken, from Old French invoquer, from Latin invocāre : in-, in; see in-2 + vocāre, to call.]
invoker in·vok'er n.



晚年的胡適還記得阿基米德的”比重”原理
加州別名「金州」(Golden State)常使人以為源自19世紀中葉淘金潮。事實上是來自此州中部山丘的春草於秋天枯萎時,從遠方看來有如遍地金色而得名。
加州的”州徽”為 Eureka
The state motto for California is Eureka meaning ''I found it.''In the Greek Language.
: “” *字容易與”(seal)”字混
我查Wikipedia 的 California 條 日文版和中文版都沒寫這 Eureka
現在goo 日本字典稱此 motto為”標語”
Eureka
[]((何かを発見したときの喜びの叫び声))((しばしばおどけて))わかった, これだ, しめた. ▼California州の標語.
[ギリシャ語でI have found (it). の意. アルキメデスがSyracuse王の王冠の黄金純度を測定する方法を発見したときの叫び声]
*徽
標幟。如:「國」﹑「校」﹑「黨」。左傳˙昭公二十一年:「楊者,公徒也。」 旌旗。禮記˙大傳:「改正朔,易服色,殊號。」鄭玄˙注:「號,旌旗之名也。」文選˙潘岳˙閑居賦:「其西則有元戎禁營,玄幙綠。」 美善的。詩經˙小雅˙角弓:「君子有猷,小人與屬。」資治通鑑˙卷二四八˙唐紀六十四˙武宗會昌四年:「郊廟之禮,誠宜亟行,至於稱,非所敢當。」
motto
[](複〜es, s
1 モットー, 座右銘, 標語.
2 (巻頭などに引用した)題辞, 題句;(盾や紋章に記した)銘;《音楽》主題句.
3 (())(パーティー用のクラッカーに印刷されている)文句.


136105300
(An archaeologist of the Israeli Antiquity Authority shows an ancient seal dating back to 100 BC with an Aramaic inscription following a press conference in Jerusalem on December 25, 2011.)
Photo by Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images
Israeli archaeologists from one of the most controversial excavation sites in the Holy Land announced a rare discovery today: a clay seal that appears to have a link to rituals performed in the Jewish Temple about 2,000 years ago. The seal reads, in Aramaic, "pure for God."
The seal is from the period between 1st century B.C. to 70 A.D., the latter year being when the second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. The AP explains that archaeological discoveries having a direct link to the temple are rare, especially because the the site on which the temple was located (referred to by Jews as the Temple Mount) - is also the location of the Noble Sanctuary, the third holiest site in Sunni Islam. It's off-limits to archaeologists because of the site's intense importance and controversy.
The dig that discovered the seal (the City of David dig) is not free from conflict itself: funded by a group associated with Israeli settlements, the site is located in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan.
According to the AP, the archaeologists believe that the seal was used to indicate approval of an object for use in a ritual.



sanctuary cities

In the United States and Canada, a sanctuary city is a city that limits its cooperation with the national government in order to help people who are in the country illegally avoid deportation. Such people are frequently described as illegal immigrants or undocumented immigrants.


聖域都市とは不法移民に寛容な政策をとっている都市のことで、不法移民というだけでは逮捕・強制送還されることはない。具体的には聖域都市に属する警察官は、同市内に住む不法移民に対して在留資格の有無を調査することを許していない。また市民権がある市民とほぼ同様の公共サービスを受けることが出来る。米国には約300都市が聖域都市であり、他国ではカナダでも同様の聖域都市がある。

sanctuary

音節sanc・tu・ar・y 発音記号/sˈæŋ(k)tʃuèri‐tʃuəri/音声を聞く
【名詞】
1
【可算名詞】
a
2
【可算名詞】
3
【不可算名詞】 (教会などの)罪人庇護(ひご); (避難所提供する)庇護保護.
用例
give sanctuary to …を庇護する, …に「聖域」を提供する.
4
【可算名詞】 (鳥獣の)禁猟区保護区域サンクチュアリ.
用例

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