2016年1月2日 星期六

ignite, renew, revive, reignite, renewable, geothermal, season-ticket renewals

How many hours the Dutch work may not sound like a hot topic of world interest. But our readers thought otherwise. In May this article ignited a lively debate about pensions, benefits and legalised pot—and became our most popular explainer in 2015
Many governments are pumping money into renewable sources of electricity, such as wind turbines, solar farms, hydroelectric and geothermal plants. But countries with large amounts of renewable generation face the highest energy prices in the rich world. What makes renewable energy so costly? http://econ.st/1aApBSR

  MOSCOW — Huge explosions during morning rush hour in two subway stations in central Moscow killed more than 33 people on Monday, officials said, raising fears of a renewal of terrorism here.

Drilling Ordeals Said to Delay Geothermal Project

Already under review over its potential earthquake risk, a major test of geothermal energy faces further setbacks.

Green good intentions cause chaos in two German towns

Residents near Dortmund were evacuated this week after the ground collapsed
around a geothermal heat pump, while in another German town, almost 190
buildings have now been damaged by a geothermal project gone awry.

The DW-WORLD Article

Debate Over Drugs For ADHD Reignites
New data from a large federal study have reignited a debate over the effectiveness of long-term drug treatment of children with hyperactivity or attention-deficit disorder, and have drawn accusations that some members of the research team have sought to play down evidence that medications do little...
(By Shankar Vedantam, The Washington Post)

Renewal theory
is the branch of probability theory that generalizes Poisson processes for arbitrary holding times. Applications include calculating the expected time for a monkey who is randomly tapping at a keyboard to type the word Macbeth and comparing the long-term benefits of different insurance policies.

Renewable Grid Could Be Costly
A huge rise in the amount of electricity produced from renewable energy would require a new grid that could cost up to $100 billion.

The salmonella outbreak has also reignited debate about reforms of the nation’s food safety network. On Friday, the new agriculture secretary, Tom Vilsack, said that a single food safety agency was needed, an idea that some members of Congress have pushed for years.

Sharp to cut 1500 jobs in Japan
BBC News - UK
"We have decided not to renew 1500 contract workers in Japan," Tetsuo Onishi, the company's director for accounting, said. "By doing so, we shall build a ...

The developing countries received a promise that the rich countries would take the lead in curbing emissions. And environmentalists said the agreements renewed chances of reviving two ailing climate pacts, the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.


past tense: ignited; past participle: ignited
catch fire or cause to catch fire.
"furniture can give off lethal fumes when it ignites"

arouse or inflame (an emotion or situation).
"the words ignited new fury in him" reignite 
verb [T]
to make something such as a disagreement or anxiety that was disappearing grow stronger:

The recent food-poisoning scare has reignited debate/concern/controversy over farming methods.
There are fears that rising wages will reignite inflation.

renew (MAKE NEW) 
verb [T]
to increase the life of or replace something old:
Every year I renew my membership of the sports club.
I forgot to renew my season ticket.
I'll use this material to renew the chair covers.

1 describes a form of energy that can be produced as quickly as it is used:
renewable energy sources such as wind and wave power

2 If an official document is renewable, its use can be lengthened for an extra period of time:
a renewable passport/contract

noun [C or U]
Do you deal with season-ticket renewals here?

renew (REPEAT) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to begin doing something again:idnappers renewed their threats.
renewed Show phonetics

verb [I or T]
to come or bring something back to life, health, existence, or use:o revive someone's hopes/confidence/fortunes

Rrevived as soon as I gave them some water.
A hot shower and a cup of tea will revive you.
Traditional skills are being revived by local craftsmen.

1 [C or U] when something becomes more active or popular again:
Recently, there has been some revival of (interest in) ancient music.
An economic/artistic revival is sweeping the country.

2 [C] a performance of a play which has not been seen for a long time:
We're staging a revival of a 1950s play.

3 [C] a time when interest in religion starts again in a stronger way than before, or a series of meetings organized to encourage this to happen

Germany Could Suffer Blackouts, Energy Boss Warns

A German energy boss has warned the country could experience long
blackouts this summer due to a lack of power stations. Some
government officials and renewable energy experts say he's
needlessly spreading panic.

To read this article on the DW-WORLD website, just click on the
internet address below:


Renewable energy utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. Renewable energy technologies range from solar power, wind power, and hydroelectricity to biomass and biofuels for transportation. About 13 percent of primary energy comes from renewables, with most of this coming from traditional biomass like wood-burning. Hydropower is the next largest source, providing 2-3%, and modern technologies like geothermal, wind, solar, and marine energy together produce less than 1% of total world energy demand.[1] The technical potential for their use is very large, exceeding all other readily available sources.[2]

national grid noun [S] UK
a system of special wires that take electricity from power stations (= places where electricity is made) to all parts of a country