2015年12月30日 星期三

limen, mortal sin, beam forth, wells forth

"I could give you no advice but this: to go into yourself and to explore the depths where your life wells forth."
--from "Letters to a Young Poet" (1934) by Rainer Maria Rilke, who died on this day in 1926.

Failing to look after old folk is not just a bad habit, Pope Francis told an "audience" of 20,000 people in Rome, it is a "mortal sin." Many people, including those who admire the pope but don't much like Catholicism in general, will have a rather mixed response to his remarks this week. Nobody could deny that care for the elderly is an acute problem in Western societies, but is his use of the old-fashioned language of sin appropriate?http://econ.st/1aPMaKv

Honour thy father and mother

POPE FRANCIS made some remarks this week about a big contemporary problem—the neglect of older people by their children and younger relatives—that bore all his...

荷蘭 Drents Museum 的千年佛像,原來是一具僧人木乃伊做成的漆器+金箔塑身!

Arch2O.com 新增了 2 張新相片
A recent CT scan carried out by the Netherlands-based Drents Museum at the Meander Medical Centre of this 1,000-year-old Buddha revealed the remains of a mummified monk inside!
Photos via (MMC / Jan van Esch)

mortal remains of Manet


Pronunciation: /ˈmɔːt(ə)l/

Definition of mortal in English:


1(Of a living human being, often in contrast to a divinebeing) subject to death:all men are mortal
1.1Relating to humans as subject to death:the coffin held the mortal remains of her uncle
2Causing or liable to cause deathfatal:a mortal diseasefigurative the scandal appeared to have struck a mortal blow to the government
2.1(Of a battlefought to the death:the screams of men in mortal combat
2.2(Of an enemy or a state of hostilityadmitting orallowing no reconciliation until death:a mortal foe
2.3(Of a feeling, especially fearvery intense:parents live in mortal fear of children’s diseases
3informal Conceivable or imaginable:he knew every mortal thing you did
3.1Very great:he was in a mortal hurry
3.2dated Long and tedious:for three mortal days it rained
4Christian Theology Denoting a grave sin that isregarded as depriving the soul of divine grace: Often contrasted with venial.mortal sin :大罪;死罪:指與天主嚴重對抗、分裂的行為。按神學家意見,形成大罪有三條件為:在「重大」事件上,「明知」、「故犯」天主的誡命。she had committed a mortal sin


human being subject to deathas opposed to adivine being:capacities only possible of God rather than mortals
humorous A person contrasted with othersregarded as being of higher status or ability:an ambassador had to live in a style which was notexpected of lesser mortals


Late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latinmortalis, from morsmort- 'death'.
  1. Liable or subject to death.
  2. Of or relating to humankind; human: the mortal limits of understanding.
  3. Of, relating to, or accompanying death: mortal throes.
  4. Causing death; fatal: a mortal wound. See synonyms at fatal.
  5. Fighting or fought to the death; unrelenting: a mortal enemy; a mortal attack.
  6. Of great intensity or severity; dire: mortal terror.
  7. Conceivable: no mortal reason for us to go.
  8. Used as 

  9. limen (LY-muhn)

    noun: A threshold of response: point at which a stimulus is of sufficient intensity to generate a response.

    From Latin limen (threshold).

    "Such to the dead might appear the world of living -- charged with information, with meaning, yet somehow always just, terribly, beyond that fateful limen where any lamp of comprehension might beam forth." — Thomas Pynchon; Against the Day; Penguin Press; 2006.
    〔láimn | -men〕
    [名](複〜s, lim・i・na 〔límn〕)《心理学》閾(いき). ⇒THRESHOLD 3
    an intensive: a mortal fool.
A human.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin mortālis, from mors, mort-, death.]
mortally mor'tal·ly adv.

remainsLine breaks: re¦mains
Pronunciation: /rɪˈmeɪnz/

Definition of remains in English:


1The parts left over after other parts have beenremoved, used, or destroyed:the remains of a sandwich lunch were on the table
1.2A person’s body after death:he left instructions regarding the disposal of his remains


late Middle English (occasionally treated as singular): from Old French remain, from remaindre, from an informal form of Latin remanere (see remain).


1 (骨組み・支柱などに用いる)長い角材, 石材, 金属材;《建築・工学》梁(はり), 桁(けた).
2 《海事》ビーム, 甲板梁(りょう);錨幹(びょうかん);[U](船体の)最大幅, 船幅
on the beam
abaftbeforethe beam
on the portthe starboard] beam
3 《航空》ビーム:航空機の真横方向.
4 最も広い部分;((俗))(人の)腰幅, 尻幅(しりはば)
broad in the beam
5 《機械》
(1) 動ばり, 動げた.
(2) (織機の経(たて)糸を巻く)緒巻(おまき);(布を巻く)千巻(ちまき).
(3) (機関の)レバー.
6 (すきの)柄;(てんびんの)さお
a beam and scales
7 光線. ▼rayより幅が広い
a beam of light
8 ((比喩))(表情をよぎる)輝き, ほほえみ;(希望などの)光((of ...))
with a beam of hope
9 ビーム, 方向指示電波
onoffthe beam
flyridethe beam
10 (電子の)ビーム;(マイクロホン・スピーカーの)有効可聴範囲.
11 (シカの角の)本幹.
12 (体操の)平均台.
a beam in one's eye
off (the) beam
(1) ⇒[名]9
(2) ((略式))〈人・考えが〉間違って, 見当はずれで(mistaken).
on the beam
(1) ⇒[名]2, 9
(2) ((略式))〈人が〉りっぱにやって;〈人・考えが〉正しく[しい], 間違いなく[ない].
1 〈光・熱を〉発する, 放つ(emit)((forth, out))
beam forth rays of light
2 〈喜びなどで〉顔を輝かせる
beam one's pleasure
3 〈信号電波を〉発する;〈番組を〉(…に)送る((out/to, at ...))
a program beamed (out) to the West Coast
4 (SFで)…をテレポートで移動させる((down, up)).
1 光[熱]を発する, 輝く.
2 〈人・顔が〉(…で)輝く((with ...));〈人が〉(…に)にっこりする((at, on, upon ...))
beam with joy
beam aton, upon] a person
3 (SFで)テレポートで移動する((down, up)).
[古英語bēam(木→柱→光線). 木は火の柱であり, したがって光の柱であるという初期の思想による]