2015年12月28日 星期一

one up, One-upmanship, stirring, quite, quit, commons

What do YOU Think? Can We Bring Back the "Industrial Commons" for Manufacturing?
Forum Open: A new book by two Harvard Business School faculty argues that America can't innovate without first undergoing a a manufacturing renaissance. Professor Jim Heskett asks his readers, can America's industrial leadership be maintained?


 Mr Hunt has denied Labour claims that the emails show the firm had a "back channel" of influence to his office but his adviser quit earlier this week, saying the extent of contact went too far and had not been authorised by Mr Hunt.

   Jeremy Hunt: Labour demands PM statement in Commons

 將quite 與 quit搞混

Stirrings in the suburbs (China)
By Geoff DyerPublished: July 20 2008 18:43 | Last updated: July 20 2008 18:43

Surprise Nobel for Obama Stirs Praise and Doubts
The Nobel Peace Prize, which President Obama described as a “call to action,” was an extraordinary recognition for so early in a presidential term and a potential political liability at home.

Fictional characters with one-upmanship

Within comic strips, Topper from Dilbert and Clem from Rose is Rose are one-uppers.
Used in a sentence: Chris one-uped Scott when he replied that not only had he heard of the book, he has already read most of the stories years ago.
Illusionists Robert Angier and Alfred Borden are in a competive one-upmanship in the film The Prestige.
(This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer) )

one up
Having an advantage or lead over someone, as in Sara is one up on Jane because she passed algebra in summer school. This expression comes from sports, where it means to be one point ahead of one's opponents. It was transferred to more general use about 1920.
So Microsoft not only has to do everything it can to keep the customers it already has, but also must continue to play one-up with Google, DiDio explained. The happy result is that consumers will continue to benefit from the contest, she concluded.
--Microsoft One-Ups Google with Hotmail Makeover

One-upmanship is the systematic and conscious practice of making one's associates feel inferior and thereby gaining the status of being "one-up" on them.
The term originated as the title of a book by Stephen Potter, a follow-up to the Gamesmanship and Lifemanship titles in his series of tongue-in-cheek self-help books, and film and television derivatives, that teach various "ploys" to achieve this.
Viewed seriously, it is a phenomenon of group dynamics that can have significant effects in the management field: for instance, manifesting in office politics.
The term has been extended to a generic, often punning, extension upmanship used for any assertion of superiority: for instance, Photon upmanshipWine UpmanshipNative Upmanship, and so on.

n. - 高人一等的作風
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 

stir (MOVE) Show phonetics
verb -rr-
1 [I or T] to cause something to move slightly:
A light breeze stirred the leaves lying on the path.
He stirred in his sleep as I kissed him.

2 [T] If something stirs you, it makes you feel a strong emotion:
I was deeply stirred by her performance.
[+ object + to infinitive] The speech stirred the crowd to take action.

3 [I] LITERARY If an emotion stirs within you, you begin to feel it:
Hope stirred within her heart.

stir Show phonetics
a lot of interest or excitement:
The scandal caused/created quite a stir at the time.

stirring Show phonetics
noun [C]
the beginning of something, such as an emotion or thought:
She felt a faint stirring of envy when she heard that one of her colleagues had been promoted.

stirring Show phonetics
adjective APPROVING
A stirring speech or song is one which produces strong positive emotions.

stirringly Show phonetics


  • 発音記号[kwáit]
1 完全に, すっかり, まったく(completely).
(1) ((比較級をもたない形容詞を修飾して))
quite alone [impossible, harmless, certain]
まったくひとり[不可能, 無害, 確かで]
quite right [wrong]
quite exhausted
for quite another reason
That's quite all right.
I'm not quite sure how old he is.
(2) ((opposite, reverseなどを修飾して))
quite the reverse [opposite]
(3) ((agree, understand, finishなどの動詞の前に置いて))
I quite understand [agree].
I am not quite finished with that book.
2 [quite a A, quite some A]((驚き・賞賛))実際に, 実に(really);(Aも)同然で;並はずれて(exceptionally). ▼Aは単数名詞
quite a [some] car
She is quite an artist.
3 ((主に英略式))かなり, 相当に(fairly, rather);ずいぶん(very).
(1) ((比較級をもつ形容詞を修飾して))
It is quite cold this morning.
As a singer she is terrible but as an actress she is quite good.
▼予想外にという気持ちを含む. quite goodはふつうgoodにアクセントがあれば「とてもよい」, quiteにアクセントがあれば「そう悪くもない」の意になるのがふつう.
(2) ((like, enjoyなどの動詞の前に置いて))
She quite likes him, but not enough to marry him.
I quite enjoyed the Christmas concert, but it wasn't as good as last year's.
クリスマスコンサートはなかなかよかったが, 昨年ほどではなかった.
(3) ((a quite+形容詞, quite a(n)+形容詞で))
He is quite an odd man.
かなり変人だ(▼a quíte ódd mánはリズムの点で避ける. ⇒ He is a quíte unúsual mán. 一般にはquite an unusual man がa quite unusual manより口語的).
Quite. /Quite so.
((主に英形式))((相手への相づち))まったくそのとおり(=I quite agree.).
▼やや気取った感じを与えることがある. 先行文が肯定文でも否定文でも同じように用いられる:“You never should have gone!” “Quite. ”「行くべきではありませんでしたね」「まったくそのとおり」.
quite a bit
((略式))かなり(の), 相当量(の).
quite honestly [frankly]
quite something
((略式))たいしたもの, 人目を引くもの.
quite the thing


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[kwít]
[動](quit or((主に英))〜・ted, 〜・ting)(他)
1III[名]/doing]((略式))〈職・学校などを〉やめる;…をやめる, よす
quit smoking [cigarettes]
Quit worrying about me.
Quit it!
He quit school, never to return.
2 ((古))〈場所を〉立ち去る, 立ちのく;〈人から〉離れる.
3 …を断念する, 放棄する, 手放す
quit hold of ...
…を手放す, 放す
quit one's prejudices
4 〈借金などを〉返す, 弁済する, …に(…で)報いる((with ...)).
1 辞職[退職]する((as ...));やめる, よす
quit off
If Mr. Jones quits, I'll get his job.
2 (借家などを)立ちのく
notice to quit
3 断念する, 敗北を認める.
━━[形]((形式))(義務・負担・罪などから)免除された, 解放された, 自由な((of ...))
She was glad to be quit of him.
[古フランス語←中ラテン語quiētāre (quiētus休んでいる+āre=解放する). △QUIET2

1 ((しばしば〜s))共有地, (特に)公共緑地(広場・公園など)
Boston Common
2 [U]《法律》入会(いりあい)権(right of common)
have common of pasturagepiscary
3 ((the 〜s))
(1) ((複数扱い))平民, 庶民;被支配階級.
(2) ((単数・複数扱い))(貴族・王族に対して)庶民階級.
4 ((the Commons))((単数・複数扱い))(英国・カナダなどの)下院(the House of Commons);下院議員(⇔the Lords).
5 ((〜s))((単数扱い))(大学の)大食堂;共同食卓;((単数・複数扱い))((英))(大学食堂の)定食.
6 ((〜s))((単数扱い))食料, 糧食.
7 ((時にC-))《教会》
(1) 特定式文:特定の祝日用の礼拝式文.
(2) ミサ通常文.
(3) 聖人共通典礼文.
9 ((俗))常識.