2016年6月18日 星期六

take over, jolly, banter, bantz, wing it, workaholic, appalling

Top bantz, bantermonium etc
'We're South African... this is awkward'
DAILYM.AI


“It is appalling how little is actually known about the outcomes produced by various forms of online learning,” says William Bowen, once president of Princeton University...


They may let you surf the internet, listen to music and snap photos wherever you are…but they also turn you into a workaholic, it seems.
它們可以讓你隨處上網、聽音樂、拍照片……但似乎也可能讓你變成工作狂。


One columnist described her as "a loud lively lass with a twinkle in her eye and an appalling taste in everything from men to clothes, who was, undoubtedly, fun." But even this supportive voice admitted that this time "the cat has used up all her lives. The Desperate Duchess has taken over from the jolly royal and is not a pretty sight."

誇誇其談的英國政客Speaking of the British英國《金融時報》專欄作家西蒙•庫柏

I recently went on a business trip with three members of the British ruling classes. The late-night banter over drinks was predictably excellent. Sometimes, though, we had to work. When that happened, my companions showed up unprepared and without notes – and did just fine. No wonder, because their entire education had been a lesson in winging it. They knew that all you need to succeed is to speak well, and that's what the British ruling classes do: they speak well.
我最近與三位英國統治階層人士一同出差,深夜酒桌上的玩笑和預想的一樣精彩。不過,有時候我們也必須工作。而工作時,我的同伴們卻可事先不做準備,也不需要筆記——而且效果還不賴。這不用奇怪,因為他們受到的全部教育都是在教他們怎樣即興發揮。他們知道,要想成功,你只需要會說漂亮話,而這也是英國統治階層擅長做的:說漂亮話。I'm talking about the caste of Britons who attended private school and/or Oxbridge before joining the establishment: senior politicians, civil servants, lawyers, pontificators and the better-dressed sort of banker. It's the class of Tony Blair, David Cameron, Christopher Hitchens, Anne Robinson and Simon Cowell: the people who speak English better than the rest of the world.
我這裡所說的是英國上過私立學校以及(或者)牛津劍橋、隨後進入體制內的那類人:資深政客、公務員、律師、高談闊論者,還有穿著考究的那種銀行家。那是托尼•布萊爾(Tony Blair)、戴維•卡梅倫(David Cameron)、克里斯托弗•希欽斯(Christopher Hitchens)、安娜•羅賓遜(Anne Robinson)和西蒙•考威爾(Simon Cowell)所屬的階層,他們的英語說得比世界其他任何階層都漂亮。Even the entrance exam for the British establishment chiefly tests the ability to talk without knowledge. Good grades are not enough. You also need to perform in a peculiarly British ritual: the Oxbridge interview. It works like this: you are 17 years old. You are wearing a new suit. You travel to an Oxbridge college for your interview. You find the tutor's rooms. Perhaps you're served sherry, which you've never seen before. Then you talk. The tutors, sprawled on settees, drawl questions about whatever is keeping them awake. I know an applicant who was asked: “Don't you think the Piazzetta San Marco in Venice looks like a branch of Barclays bank?” If you speak well, you get handed your entry ticket to the establishment .
就連進入英國體制內大門的“入門”考試,也主要考的是沒有知識就侃侃而談的能力。成績好是不夠的,你還需要在牛津劍橋面試這個很英國式的儀式上表現良好。這個儀式就像下面這樣。 17歲時,你穿著新西裝,前往牛津或劍橋的某個學院參加面試,找到導師的房間。導師可能會請你喝杯你以前從沒見過的雪利酒,然後就開始談。導師們四仰八叉靠在沙發上,拖著長音問出各種讓他們無法入眠的問題。我認識一個申請人被問到的問題是:“你不覺得威尼斯的聖馬可廣場(Piazzetta San Marco)像巴克萊銀行(Barclays)的一家分行嗎?”如果答得漂亮,進入體制內的門票就會遞到你手中。You arrive at O​​xbridge knowing little. After all, you probably did school exams in just three subjects. At university, you only study one. Often it's English literature or history or Latin and Greek – the sort of subjects that have parents in other countries asking anxiously: “But what use will that be later?”剛進入牛津劍橋的時候,你知道的東西還很少。畢竟,你可能只參加了三個科目的考試。在大學裡,你只學一個科目,經常是英國文學、歷史或拉丁語和希臘語——如果你家長是別的國家的人,他們肯定會焦慮地問:“學這種科目以後有什麼用啊?”Nor is workaholic study encouraged. A South Afr​​ican relative of mine started his first “supervision” at Cambridge by confessing that he hadn't read every single book on the reading list. “Good God,” said his supervisor, “nor have I. I put them down hoping that you'd look at a couple, and tell me what they said.”大學也不鼓勵學生用功學習。我的一位南非親戚在劍橋第一次接受“督導”時,承認閱讀書目上的書一本也沒有讀。 “上帝啊!”導師對他抱怨道,“我也沒讀。我還以為你能看幾本、然後告訴我那些書都講了什麼呢。”Oxbridge's teaching methods reward good talk. Aged 18, perhaps hungover, you read out your pitiful but elegant essay. The tutor points out gaps in your knowledge. For an hour, you talk your way around those gaps.
牛津劍橋的教學方法獎勵侃侃而談。 18歲的你(可能還帶著一點宿醉)朗讀自己那可憐但雅緻的作文。導師指出你欠缺的知識,在接下來一個小時的談話裡,你要迂迴地避開那些欠缺的知識。Traditionally, elite Britons then leave education aged 21. Until recently they rarely bothered with graduate school. Consequently, they know very little but speak very well, albeit only in English.
傳統上,英國精英在21歲時就會結束教育。直到最近,他們都還懶得去讀研究生。因此,他們懂的很少,但話說得很漂亮,雖然只會用英語說。CP Snow, in his “Two Cultures” lecture of 1959, marvelled at their ignorance of basic science. Winston Churchill, for instance, had approved the misguided “area bombing” of Germany based on a flawed statistical study by his chief scientific adviser, Lord Cherwell. Of course Churchill couldn't check the numbers. His forte was rhetoric. It's no coincidence that his Nobel prize was for literature. And it's no coincidence that Britain's wartime king, George VI, is now known chiefly for his struggle – depicted in the film The King's Speech – to speak well.
查爾斯•珀西•斯諾(CP Snow)在他1959年題為《兩種文化》(Two Cultures)的講座中,驚詫於統治階層對基本科學知識的無知。例如,溫斯頓•丘吉爾(Winston Churchill)依據首席科學顧問徹韋爾勳爵(Lord Cherwell)有缺陷的統計研究,批准了受到誤導的對德“區域轟炸”。當然,丘吉爾沒辦法核對那些數字,他的強項是辭令。他拿到的諾貝爾獎是文學獎,這決非偶然。英國二戰時的國王喬治六世(George VI)現在之所以為人熟知,主要是因為他為了能把話說好曾付出很大努力,電影《國王的演講》(The King's Speech)講的就是這個故事。Numbers remain a challenge for Britain's ruling class. It treats the City as a magical moneymaking machine, whose demands are best granted because lord knows how the thing works. Even the finance minister, George Osborne, has no education in economics beyond whatever he picked up studying history at O​​xford. British public debate just doesn't feature many numerate people such as Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg or China's ruling engineers. Britain's own excellent engineers and quants are stuck in the engine room while the rhetoricians drive the train.
數字仍然是英國統治階層面臨的一個挑戰。他們把倫敦金融城當做神奇的賺錢機器,金融城的需求會得到最大程度的滿足,因為只有老天才知道那東西是怎麼運轉的。即使是英國財政大臣喬治•奧斯本(George Osborne),除了在牛津學歷史時學到的那點皮毛外,也沒有受過什麼經濟學教育。英國公共辯論中的主角,很少是像沃倫•巴菲特(Warren Buffett)、比爾•蓋茨(Bill Gates)、馬克•扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)或是中國工程師出身的領導人那樣懂數字的人。英國國內優秀的工程師和定量分析師都被關在發動機室裡,開火車的是那幫誇誇其談的傢伙。Britain's rulers still struggle to judge scientific arguments about nuclear energy or climate change, writes the historian Lisa Jardine (who appears in this week's Inventory). When Tony Blair hinted that Iraq's “weapons of mass destruction” could hit London within 45 minutes, the establishment mostly believed him. Educated Americans would often praise Blair for arguing the case better than President Bush could. Yes, Blair spoke well. That's what he did. Where there were gaps in his knowledge, he talked around them.
歷史學家麗莎•賈丁(Lisa Jardine)寫道,英國統治階層還在努力試著對核能或氣候變化的科學論據作出判斷。布萊爾曾暗示伊拉克的“大規模殺傷性武器”可以在45分鐘內打擊倫敦,當時英國體制內的人大都相信了他的話。受過教育的美國人經常讚賞布萊爾比美國總統小布什更善於闡述觀點。沒錯,布萊爾的確善於說話,那就是他的工作。如果知識上有欠缺,他在侃侃而談時會繞開。Blair had only one verbal shortcoming, which he shared with Margaret Thatcher: no sense of humour. But in general, Britain's ruling classes are funny speakers. To quote Noël Coward, this class's favoured playwright: “Since my life began/The most I' ve had is just/A talent to amuse.”
布萊爾在運用語言方面只有一個缺點,他和撒切爾夫人(Margaret Thatcher)一樣,沒有幽默感。不過總體上,英國統治階層人士都是有趣的演講者。套用這個階層最喜愛的劇作家諾埃爾•考沃德(Noël Coward)的話說:“我有生以來/最為擅長的就是/讓人愉悅。”It was the urge to amuse that recently prompted Cameron to riff on an old TV ad and shout “Calm down, dear,” at a female Labour MP. No other western leader (except Silvio Berlusconi) would have risked the sexism,  because they don 't need to be funny.
卡梅倫最近在愉悅別人的衝動驅使下,即興模仿一個老電視廣告,對一位工黨女議員大喊“親愛的,冷靜。”除了西爾維奧•貝盧斯科尼(Silvio Berlusconi),沒有哪位西方領導人會冒這種被批性別歧視的風險,因為他們不需要顯得有趣。Admittedly, ignorance sometimes saves Britain's rulers from error. Ignorant and suspicious of philosophy, they reject the daft ideas that sometimes ensnare the French or German elites. Anyway, running a country on eloquence alone hasn't worked out disastrously – or at least not yet .
誠然,無知有時候也能讓英國統治階層避免犯錯誤。對於哲學,他們既無知又懷疑,所以會排斥那些有時讓法國和德國的精英們落入陷阱的瘋狂想法。畢竟,單純靠誇誇其談治理國家並沒有產生什麼災難性後果——或者說至少目前還沒有。
譯者/王柯倫

Holly jolly Christmas for German retailers

Thanks to booming sales, this year's holiday season is the most cheerful in
years for German retailers. If the trend of German shoppers continues, good
business could continue after the holidays as well.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew79baI44va89pI6




Definition of appalling

adjective

informal
  • awful; terrible:his conduct was appalling

Derivatives


appallingly

adverb


take over
Assume control, management, or possession of, as in The pilot told his copilot to take over the controls, or There's a secret bid to take over our company. [Late 1800s]


jolly

adj., -li·er, -li·est.
  1. Full of good humor and high spirits.
  2. Exhibiting or occasioning happiness or mirth; cheerful: a jolly tune.
  3. Greatly pleasing; enjoyable: had a jolly time.
adv. Chiefly British
To a great extent or degree; extremely.


v., -lied, -ly·ing, -lies. v.tr.
To keep amused or diverted for one's own purposes; humor.

v.intr.
To amuse oneself with humorous banter.

n., pl., -lies.
  1. Chiefly British. A good or festive time.
  2. jollies Slang. Amusement; kicks: However you get your jollies is fine with me.
[Middle English joli, from Old French, perhaps of Scandinavian origin.]

wing it Informal.
  1. To say or do something without preparation, forethought, or sufficient information or experience; improvise: She hadn't studied for the exam, so she decided to wing it.


bants

Pronunciation: /bants/ 
(also bantz)

PLURAL NOUN

British informal
Playfully teasing or mocking remarks exchanged with another person or group; banter:it’s going to be a top night with plenty of bantsthe bantz were better before social media and even better before text messaging.

Origin

Early 21st century: from banter.


banter 

Pronunciation: /ˈbantə/ 

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
The playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks:there was much good-natured banter

VERB

[NO OBJECT]
Exchange remarks in a good-humoured teasing way:the men bantered with the waitresses(as adjective banteringa bantering tone

Derivatives

banterer

Pronunciation: /ˈbantərə/  
NOUN

banteringly

ADVERB

Origin

Late 17th century: of unknown origin.

workaholic


 
音節
work • a • hol • ic
発音
wə`ːrkəhɔ'ːlik | -hɔ'l-
レベル
社会人必須
workaholicの変化形
workaholics (複数形)
workaholicの慣用句
workaholism, (全1件)
[名]((略式))働きすぎの人, 仕事中毒の人, 仕事の虫. ⇒-AHOLIC
wòrk・a・hól・ism
[名][U]仕事中毒.



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