Why look down on self-help books? Don’t you want to be kinder, look better and get rich? From 古希臘Hesiod’s “Works and Days” and the舊約 Book of Proverbs to “The Pilgrim’s Progress,” 尼采Nietzsche’s “Thus Spake Zarathustra,” Simone de Beauvoir’s第二性 “Second Sex” and Malcolm Gladwell’s “Blink,” the history of literature is the history of self-help.
「……隨身帶著硝化甘油兩年來第一次急急忙忙打開瓶蓋自力救濟。」（做個廣告大饕客 孫大偉 (人間副刊20070702) ）
“The cool thing for us is that we’re taking a consumer-driven approach,” says Arto Joensuu, global e-marketing director at Nokia in Espoo, Finland, by “getting the device into their hands.”
“It’s not so much about slapping the Nokia logo everywhere,” he adds, but rather “about showing, and not telling that much about what the product offering is.”
A colloquial version of 'goodbye', now rather archaic.
The British term 'toodle-oo' is a fellow-traveller of various terms associated with walking or departing in a carefree manner - toddle, tootle and their extended forms toddle-off and tootle-pip. Let's also not forget tootle-oo, which is a commonly heard alternative form of toodle-oo, and also its Irish variant tooraloo.
Tootle is a variant of toddle, both meaning 'walk in a leisurely manner'. Toddle, which is really the base word which leads eventually to toodle-oo, is moderately old and makes an appearance in print in Allan Ramsay's The tea-table miscellany, or a collection of Scots songs, 1724:
"Could na my love come todlen hame." [toddling home]
The word is still with us in the term 'toddle off' which, although somewhat archaic in sound, is still commonplace in the UK at least. This was in use by the early 19th century and appears in The Dublin University Magazine, 1838:
"Show this gentleman to his bedchamber, Klaus... and I'll toddle off to my library," said the Nabob.
'Tootle', which also often comes complete with its 'off', has been used to mean 'walk aimlessly' since at least the early 1900s, for example, this piece from the English literary journal The Cornhill Magazine, July 1902:
"I tootled down to Cooney's a half-hour before time."
'Toodle-oo' sounds the kind of language that we might expect P.G. Wodehouse to indulge in, in his Jeeves and Wooster stories. Wodehouse doesn't disappoint and although he didn't originate the phrase his use of it in an early Jeeves story - Jeeves and the Hard-Boiled Egg, 1919, makes a clear link between toddling and toodling:
"Ripping! I'll be toddling up, then. Toodle-oo, Bertie, old man. See you later."
"Pip-pip, Bicky, dear boy."
He trotted off...
The first known record of toodle-oo came just a few years earlier, in a 1907 edition of Punch magazine, which was surely essential reading for the young Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, who was a contributing author to Punch at that date, and so may have written this himself:
"Toodle-oo, old sport." Mr. Punch turned round at the amazing words and gazed at his companion.
The mixing up of all of these terms may also have been influenced by 'toot-toot' and 'pip-pip', which were used in the early 1900s to denote the sounds of early car horns. This has lead to tootle-pip and toodle-pip, which might be imagined to be from the same period, but which are in fact late 20th century inventions in the Jeeves style. Wodehouse again had an indirect hand in this, as is shown by this piece from his 1920 novel Damsel in Distress:
"Well, it's worth trying," said Reggie. "I'll give it a whirl. Toodleoo!" "Good-bye." "Pip-pip!" Reggie withdrew.
Tootle-oo is first known from a date that is near enough to that of toodle-oo as to make it difficult to be certain which came first. This variant is recorded in the Letters of T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia), in 1908. The other famous Lawrence, D.H. Lawrence, is coincidentally the first known user of the Irish form tooraloo, also recorded in a letter, this time from 1921, and published in 1968 in Phoenix II:
"So long! See you soon! Too-ra-loo!"...
1 a quick hit with the flat part of the hand or other flat object:
She gave her son a slap for behaving badly.
2 INFORMAL a slap in the face an action that insults or upsets someone:
It was a real slap in the face for him when she refused to go out to dinner with him.
3 a slap on the back when someone hits you in a friendly way on the back in order to show praise for something you have done:
He's won - give him a slap on the back.
4 INFORMAL a slap on the wrist a gentle warning or punishment:
The judge gave Minna a slap on the wrist for not wearing her seat belt.
slap Show phonetics
verb [T] -pp-
to hit someone with the flat part of the hand or other flat object:
She slapped his face.
She slapped him across the face.
INFORMAL Her husband has been slapping her around (= hitting her repeatedly), but she's afraid to go to the police.
His friends slapped him on the back when he said he was getting married (= hit him lightly on the back in a friendly way to express pleasure at what he had done).
When her ideas were rejected, she slapped her report (down) on the table and stormed out of the meeting.
「自力救濟」也與 self-help 意思不一樣：
adjective, noun [U]
the activity of providing what you need for yourself and others with similar experiences or difficulties without going to an official organization:
[before noun] self-help groupsIt is a group providing self-help for single parents.