2015年12月28日 星期一

elucidate, defile, cheap shot, paganism

Wind's two most famous works are Pagan Mysteries of the Renaissance and Art and Anarchy.

Pagan Mysteries of the Renaissance

Mysteries' chief aim was to "elucidate a number of great Renaissance works of art" [4]. He maintained that "ideas forcefully expressed in art were alive in other areas of human endeavor" [1]. His thesis was that "the presence of unresolved residues of meaning is an obstacle to the enjoyment of art", [4] and he attempted to "help remove the veil of obscurity which not only distance in time...but a deliberate obliqueness in the use of metaphor has spread over some of the greatest Renaissance paintings." [4]
Wind的代表作 Pagan Mysteries of the Renaissance ,卻只有四行介紹 】。

A Cheap Shot at Workers The Bush administration’s last-minute overhaul of the visa program for temporary farm workers threatens to make a flawed program worse.


BRIEFING: The state of NATO

A ray of light in the dark defile

The Western alliance is in trouble in Afghanistan. But France is ready to help take on the Taliban, and others still want to join NATO



defile (VALLEY) Show phonetics
noun [C] LITERARY
a very narrow valley between two mountains
━━ vi., n. 縦隊で進む; 狭い道, 隘(あい)路.


defile (SPOIL) Show phonetics
verb [T] FORMAL
to spoil the beauty, importance, purity, etc. of something or someone:
It's a shame that such a beautiful area has been defiled by a rubbish dump.
The soldiers deliberately defiled all the holy places.

defilement Show phonetics
noun [U] FORMAL




Idioms: cheap shot
An unfair or unsporting verbal attack, as in You called him an amateur? That's really taking a cheap shot. The term originated in sports, especially American football, where it signifies deliberate roughness against an unprepared opponent. [Slang; second half of 1900s]

pagan(1)教外的;外教人(的);異教徒;非基督徒:指不信真天主的人,故不包括猶太教徒及回教徒。 (2)無信仰者: pagan 來自拉丁文 paganus ,意指鄉下人。因基督宗教在都市中發展雖迅速,但無法顧及鄉下人,致使他們未能接受基督信仰,因而將鄉下人歸類為無信仰者。

paganism
:異教;非基督教思想。

elucidate 
verb [I or T] FORMAL
to explain or make clear:
I don't understand. You'll have to elucidate.
The reasons for the change in weather conditions have been elucidated by several scientists.

elucidation
noun [U]
These figures need elucidation.

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