2016年7月12日 星期二

sepsis, septic shock, ileus, obstructions, colic, vomiting,constipation,



Medical staff in England are being told to treat sepsis with the same urgency as a suspected heart attack.



Sepsis kills at least 8 million people worldwide each year and it is the leading cause of hospital deaths. Scientists at the Wyss Institute have improved a device developed last year to treat sepsis that works by mimicking the human spleen.



07.02. - Biofilters Keep Groundwater Clean in Canada

Septic systems can spread harmful chemicals into the groundwater.
InCanada, a biofilter system treats the waste so effectively that theby-product is almost clean water.
The DW-WORLD Articlehttp://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evxkidI44va89pI2



Call for more urgent sepsis care

Johns Hopkins researchers have found a more effective, and computer-based way, to identify patients most at-risk of septic shock, which kills more Americans each year than AIDS and breast and prostate cancer combined.
敗血性休克(septic shock)風險大,在美國的每年死亡率比愛滋病和乳腺癌和前列腺癌合併起來更大。Johns Hopkins 大學發展出它的預測演算法,能早期偵測出病人罹病風險。


Computer algorithm could aid in early detection of life-threatening sepsis
HUB.JHU.EDU



Hazard: When two or more magnets are swallowed, they can link together inside a child's intestines and clamp onto body tissues, causing intestinal obstructions, perforations, sepsis and death. Internal injury from magnets can pose serious lifelong health effects.

如果身體太少攝取纖維質、水分,我這兒的糞便太多太大,我搬不動、排不動之後,就形成醫生們說的「機械性腸阻塞」〈Mechanical ileus〉。腸子前端可能會腫大起來,壓力也越來越大,我也會受不了,最後我會爆炸、腸子穿孔,對身體是很危險的。 只要醫師警覺,就會立刻切掉我潰爛的部分,唉,那我真是無辜受罪啊。可是只要平時多吃蔬菜水果,我就會很健康。

For decades, mice have been the species of choice in the study of human diseases. But now, researchers report evidence that the mouse model has been totally misleading for at least three major killers — sepsis, burns and trauma. As a result, years and billions of dollars have been wasted following false leads, they say.



Judge Sends British Politician and His Ex-Wife to Prison

LONDON — Chris Huhne, the former energy minister in Prime Minister David Cameron’s cabinet, and his ex-wife, Vicky Pryce, a prominent economist, were given eight months for obstructing justice.

septic
adj.
Of, relating to, having the nature of, or affected by sepsis.
Causing sepsis; putrefactive.

[Latin sēpticus, putrefying, from Greek sēptikos, from sēptos, rotten, from sēpein, to make rotten.]

adj. - 腐敗的, 敗血病的n. - 腐爛物

idioms:
septic tank 化糞池
日本語 (Japanese) adj. - 腐敗性の, 敗血症の
idioms:
septic tank 腐敗槽

敗血症英語:Sepsis)指的是由於感染所引起的全身性發炎的嚴重疾病[1]。常見的臨床症狀包括發燒、呼吸頻率心跳加速,以及意識不清[2]。有時患者也會發生特定的臨床症狀,如因肺炎引起的咳嗽,或因為腎臟感染所導致的排尿灼熱感。若敗血症發生於年長者、年紀幼小或免疫能力貧弱之患者,則可能會沒有特定的感染症狀,亦可能表現出體溫過低或維持正常(一般發炎時,組織的溫度會升高)的特殊症狀[3]嚴重的敗血症會導致供應組織的血流不足甚至器官衰竭。血流不足的原因可能是由於敗血症引起的低血壓、高血乳酸或是低排尿量所導致。敗血症引起的低血壓有可能會導致感染性休克,此一休克症狀並無法藉由靜脈輸液的方式有所改善[1]

obstruct


  音節
ob • struct
発音
əbstrʌ'kt
レベル
社会人必須
obstructの変化形
obstructed (過去形) • obstructed (過去分詞) • obstructing (現在分詞) • obstructs (三人称単数現在)
[動](他)
1 〈道路・水路などを〉ふさぐ, 通りにくくする;〈眺望・音・光などを〉さえぎる
obstruct a view
ながめをさえぎる
A snowslide obstructed the road.
なだれで道路がふさがった.
2 …の進行[活動]を妨害する
obstruct a bill
法案の通過を妨害する.
ob・strúc・tor
[名]

obstruction


 音節
ob • struc • tion
発音
əbstrʌ'kʃən
レベル
社会人必須
obstructionの変化形
obstructions (複数形)
[名]
1 じゃま物, (…に対する)障害物, 妨害物((to ...)). ⇒OBSTACLE[類語]
obstructions to traffic
交通の妨げ
an obstruction to progress
進歩のじゃま物.
2 [U]妨害, 反対;議事妨害
obstruction of justicebusiness
司法[業務]防害
without further obstruction
それ以上の支障[反対]もなく.
3 《スポーツ》オブストラクション.
4 [U]閉塞(へいそく), 遮断
intestinal obstruction
腸閉塞.

sepsis
発音
sépsis [名](複 -ses 〔-siz〕)[U]《病理学》敗血症.
音節
 
sep • tic
 
発音
 
séptik
  1. [形]腐敗(性)の;敗血(病)性の
    • a septic tank
    • (細菌利用の)汚水処理タンク,腐敗槽
    • go [become] septic
    • 化膿(かのう)する.

  1. Septic shock is a medical condition as a result of severe infection and sepsis, though the microbe may be systemic or localized to a particular site. It can cause multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (formerly known as multiple organ failure) and death.

  2. 敗血性休克(septic shock),是指罹患嚴重敗血症(sepsis)的部分病人,出現無法由搶救輸液(fluid resuscitation)挽回的低血壓,從而產生器官灌注(perfusion)異常,導致如乳酸中毒(lactic acidosis)、少尿(oliguria)、或急性精神異常的情況。

    統計學[編輯]

    美國,多次研究顯示,敗血性休克的死亡率介於21.6-50.8%。男性的發病率略高,占52-66%。多數病人在60歲以上。

    症狀[編輯]

    嚴重敗血症的定義上來說, 得到敗血症之後進一步導致器官功能異常(organ dysfunction),低血壓(hypotension) 或一個以上器官低灌流(hypoperfusion)的現象稱之,這裡所指的器官功能異常是指由於敗血症(sepsis)引起的低血壓 ( sepsis-induced hypotension)以及廣泛性血管內凝集(diffuse intravascular coagulation)所導致的 器官異常.
    敗血性休克導因於敗血症之後, 進一步導致組織灌流不足,並且不能由點滴輸液回復血壓, 臨床上可以看到組織缺氧 後引起的血液酸化,呼吸窘迫,尿液量減少,意識改變等等症狀,當組織灌流不足越發嚴重蔓延多數器官,則可能產生 多重器官功能異常(multiple organ dysfunction),或多重器官衰竭(multiple organ failure)
ileus,
(ĭl'ē-əs) pronunciation
n.
Intestinal obstruction causing colic, vomiting, and constipation.

[Latin īleus, from Greek eileos, from eilein, to squeeze, hold in check.]

constipation[con・sti・pa・tion]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[kɑ`nstəpéiʃən | kɔ`n-]
[名][U]
1 便秘.
2 不活発, 沈滞;妨害.

colic
  • [kɑ'lik | kɔ'l-]
[名][U]《病理学》疝痛(せんつう), さしこみ
biliary [crapulent] colic
胆石[暴食]疝痛.
━━[形]結腸の.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語kolikós(COLON2結腸+-IC=腸に属する)]
-ick・y
[形]〈病気が〉疝痛を伴う;〈食べ物などが〉腹痛を起こす.

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