2017年4月5日 星期三

imposing, impositiion, pious fraud, business intelligence, dumping (rubbish),tipping, pound (hit), to blanket, genuineness, spurious, jiggery-pokery, welcome mat, crack down

Trump and Xi: Two Imposing Leaders With Clashing Agendas


President Xi Jinping's visit could lift his stature at home in China, but it also poses significant risks, as contentious issues like North Korea and trade loom large.

The window tax — an open and shut case - FT.com
The adage ‘free as air’ has become obsolete by Act of Parliament,” thundered Charles Dickens in 1850. “Neither air nor light have been free since the imposition of the window tax. We are obliged to pay for what…

Officials in Rome said that the quake had also damaged the Baths of Caracalla, one of the most imposing ancient Roman ruins in the Italian capital, some 60 miles west of the epicenter of the quake, and there was significant damage reported in the villages around L’Aquila as well.

However, questions were raised concerning possible confusion between the party given (the output) and the purpose of the party (the objective).
The objective of the party planning group was to improve relations with vendors and government officials of the area....when the frequency changed from one-per-year to almost monthly the parties no longer achieved this purpose; they had become a bore and an imposition. ...

FCC Opens Debate on Broadband Policy
The FCC took its first step into the national discussion on how to blanket the country with high-speed Internet, a top priority for Obama.

Microsoft sues DHL after train dumps 21600 Xboxes
ITworld.com - Framingham,MA,USA
by Elizabeth Montalbano Microsoft is suing US-based cargo-delivery service DHL Express for allegedly losing 21600 Xbox game consoles because of a train ...

IBM has been sued by a group of law firms, alleging years of chemical dumping near a factory in Endicott, N.Y.

Typhoon Sinlaku dumps rain on Taiwan
CNN International - USA
At 11 am Saturday (0300 GMT), Sinlaku was 345 miles (556 kilometers) west-southwest of Naha, Okinawa, one of Japan's most southern islands, ...

yphoon pounds Taiwan
Aljazeera.net - Qatar
The category three storm is expected to blanket the island and may gather strength before moving on towards Japan, news agency and weather reports said. ...

Pakistani forces pound militants in Swat

Pakistani military forces are continuing to pound militant positions in the Swat valley in the country's North-West Frontier Province.

Officials say as many as 100 militants have been killed in four days of fighting. Swat, a former tourist area, has been partly overrun by followers loyal to pro-Taliban cleric Maulana Fazlullah.

The cleric has been using a pirate radio station to call for the imposition of Sharia law in Swat and for a holy war against Pakistani government forces. The Pakistani army has amassed around 15,000 troops in the valley before an imminent operation to drive out more than 400
militants thought to be present there.

1.on Page 29:
"degree that a culture, in Sapir's sense, is not "spurious," the value commitments of its members provide either the basis for the satisfactory conduct of a way of life"
2.from Back Matter:
" ... example of a "rational anomaly." 40. Taylor, Sources of the Self. 41. Edward Sapir, "Culture, Genuine and Spurious," in Culture, Language and Personality: Selected Essays, ed"

Nonetheless, he could use the jargon for all it was worth. Speaking inthe House of Lords in July 2005, he railed against "statistical jiggery-pokery", "selective surveys" and "spurious precision to two decimal places".

It should also be noted that the author questions the genuineness of the Pappus definition of analysis and synthesis quoted above, p27. ...

President-elect Barack Obama stunned the national intelligence community by selecting Clinton White House chief of staff Leon E. Panetta, a longtime Washington insider with little intelligence experience, to serve as the next head of the CIA.
(By Anne E. Kornblut and Joby Warrick, The Washington Post)

That’s the Beijing many visitors coming for the Olympics will see. But unrestricted Internet use is a rarity, even for foreign reporters covering the Games, who this week discovered that the Chinese government is limiting their access to the Internet. Even as China projects a new air of openness and tolerance as it rolls out the welcome mat for Olympics visitors, the government is cracking down on

insider Show phonetics
noun [C]
someone who is an accepted member of a group and who therefore has special or secret knowledge or influence:
According to insiders, the committee is having difficulty making up its mind.

welcome mat noun [C]
a small piece of strong material with 'Welcome' written on it which is put on the floor by the door to greet people as they come in:
FIGURATIVE A new immigration law means the US will be dusting off the welcome mat for (= will be ready to welcome) famous people who want to live in the country.
FIGURATIVE We had better put the welcome mat out (= be ready to welcome), if your mother is coming to visit.

crack down phrasal verb
to start dealing with bad or illegal behaviour in a more severe way:
The library is cracking down on people who lose their books.

crackdown Show phonetics
noun [C]
There has been a series of government crackdowns on safety in factories.

intelligence (SECRET INFORMATION) Show phonetics
group noun [U]
secret information about the governments of other countries, especially enemy governments, or a group of people who gather and deal with this information:
the Central Intelligence Agency
military intelligence
They received intelligence (reports) that the factory was a target for the bombing.

inside (SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE) Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
(of information) obtained by someone in a group, organization or company and therefore involving special or secret knowledge:
inside information/knowledge
I'll call up Clare and get the inside story (= a true report of the facts).

intelligence (SECRET INFORMATION) Show phonetics
group noun [U]
secret information about the governments of other countries, especially enemy governments, or a group of people who gather and deal with this information:
the Central Intelligence Agency
military intelligence
They received intelligence (reports) that the factory was a target for the bombing.

International Business Machines Corp. said it will acquire business-software developer Cognos Inc. for about $5 billion in cash, a move aimed at keeping up with rivals in the increasingly attractive field of business intelligence.

genuine Phonetic
1 If something is genuine, it is real and exactly what it appears to be:
genuine leather
If it is a genuine Michelangelo drawing, it will sell for millions.

2 If people or emotions are genuine, they are honest and sincere:
He's a very genuine person.
Machiko looked at me in genuine surprise - "Are you really going?" she said.

genuinely Phonetic
I'm genuinely sorry for what I said, I really am.

伪回归 Spurious Regression
A serious theoretical criticism has also been mentioned. An empirical correlation does not necessarily imply causation. There is no way of knowing whether high market share caused the high profitability, or whether high profitability caused the high market share. Or even more likely, a spurious factor such as product quality could have caused both high profitability and high market share.

spurious Show phonetics
false and not what it appears to be, or (of reasons and judgments) based on something that has not been correctly understood and therefore false:
Some of the arguments in favour of shutting the factory are questionable and others downright spurious.
jiggery-pokery Show phonetics
secret or dishonest behaviour

pound (HIT) Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to hit or beat repeatedly with a lot of force, or to crush something by hitting it repeatedly:
I could feel my heart pounding as I went on stage to collect the prize.
Nearly 50 people are still missing after the storm pounded the coast.
The city was pounded to rubble during the war.
He pounded on the door demanding to be let in.
She was pounding away on her typewriter until four in the morning.

pounding Show phonetics
noun [C or S]
The city received heavy poundings (= attacks) from the air every night last week.


  ━━ v. 強く続けざまに打つ; つき砕く ((to, into)); (ピアノ・タイプのキーを)たたく, (原稿などを)作る ((out)); (敵陣を)攻撃[砲撃]する; (心臓が)どきどき鳴る; どすんどすん歩く ((about, along)); 絶えず努力する.

━━ n. 打つこと[音]; 強打.
 pound・er ━━ n. 打つ人[もの].
 pound・ing ━━ n. どんどんたたくこと[音]; 動悸(き); 〔話〕 大敗, 大打撃.

tip (RUBBISH) UK Hide phonetics
noun [C] (MAINLY US dump)a place where especially large pieces of rubbish can be taken and left:
a rubbish/waste tipWe need to take this old carpet to the tip.
UK INFORMAL This room is a complete/absolute/real tip (= is very untidy) - tidy it up at once.

tip UK (-pp-) Hide phonetics
verb [I or T; usually + adverb or preposition] (US ALSO dump)
A lot of waste is being tipped into the sea.
The sign by the side of the road said "No tipping".

dump Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to put down or drop something in a careless way:
He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table.

2 to get rid of something unwanted, especially by leaving it in a place where it is not allowed to be:
The tax was so unpopular that the government decided to dump it.
Several old cars had been dumped near the beach.
Toxic chemicals continue to be dumped in the North Sea.

3 to sell unwanted goods very cheaply, usually in other countries:
They accused the West of dumping out-of-date medicines on Third World countries.

4 INFORMAL to suddenly end a romantic relationship you have been having with someone:
If he's so awful, why don't you just dump him?

5 SPECIALIZED to move information from a computer's memory to a storage device

noun [C]
1 (ALSO rubbish dumpa place where people are allowed to leave their rubbish:
I need to clear out the shed and take everything I don't want to the dump.

2 INFORMAL a very unpleasant and untidy place:
His room is an absolute dump!

3 a place where things of a particular type are stored, especially by an army:
an ammunition/arms/weapons/food dump

noun [U]
the act of dumping something:
They have promised to limit the dumping of sewage sludge in the sea.

verb [T often passive] LITERARY
to cover something completely with a thick layer:
Outside the fields were blanketed in fog.

impose (EXPECT) Show phonetics
verb [I]
to expect someone to do something for you or spend time with you when they do not want to or when it is inconvenient for them:
Are you sure it's all right for me to come tonight? I don't want to impose.
She's always imposing on people - asking favours and getting everyone to do things for her.

imposition Show phonetics
noun [S]
when someone imposes on another person:
Would it be too much of an imposition to ask you to pick my parents up from the airport?
impose (FORCE) Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc. to be obeyed or received:
Very high taxes have recently been imposed on cigarettes.
Judges are imposing increasingly heavy fines for minor driving offences.
The council has imposed a ban on alcohol in the city parks.

2 to force someone to accept something, especially a belief or way of living:
I don't want them to impose their religious beliefs on my children.
We must impose some kind of order on the way this office is run.

imposition Show phonetics
noun [U]
the imposition of the death penalty/martial law/sanctions

imposing Show phonetics
having an appearance which looks important or causes admiration:
an imposing mansion
He was an imposing figure on stage.


━━ a. 信心深い; 信心ぶった; 偽善的な; 感心な; 〔古〕 孝行な; (文学などが)宗教的な.
pious hope 実現する見込みのない希望.
The sick and suffering choose one that corresponds to their ailment and light it
in Church, with the pious hope that Mother Mary will consider their appeals ..

A pious fraud a term used to describe people who perform fraud in religion (for example, a pious fraud fakes miracles or psychic surgery) because of a sincere belief that the end justifies the means in religious matters.

pious fraud 1. 宗教骗子 A pious fraud is someone whose fraud is motivated by misguided religious zeal. 2. [法律]善意的欺骗

The Oxford English Dictionary reports the phrase was first used in English in 1678. Edward Gibbon was particularly fond of the phrase, using it often in his monumental and controversial work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire in which he criticized the likelihood of some of the martyrs and miracles of the early Christian church.
William Howells wrote about shamans that they know that their tricks are imposition but that all who studied them agree that they really believe in their power to deal with spirits. According to Howells, their main purpose is an honest one and they believe that this justifies the means of hoodwinking his followers in minor technical matters.

There seem to be a lot of charges out there that Armstrong was not a mere pious fraud but a thoroughgoing huckster.

Pious Fraud - TIME

It was easier for Tip to bring her to her senses than for her to
bring him to understand that the Father of the Marshalsea would be
beside himself if he knew the truth. The thing was
incomprehensible to Tip, and altogether a fanciful notion. He
yielded to it in that light only, when he submitted to her
entreaties, backed by those of his uncle and sister. There was no
want of precedent for his return; it was accounted for to the
father in the usual way; and the collegians, with a better
comprehension of the pious fraud than Tip, supported it loyally. Little Dorrit, by Charles Dickens 7. The Child of the Marshalsea