2015年12月6日 星期日

punitive, growl, crook under house arrest, Ponzi pyramid, By hook or by crook

The president talks darkly of “governing with the people” if he loses. But everything indicates that “the people” are no longer with him


Tiger moms may not know best after all.
A new study debunks the idea that punitive, Tiger Mom-style parenting is superior
TI.ME



To the ballot box - by hook or by crook

German politicians have responded to the poor voter turnout in Sunday’s
European elections with calls for virtual ballot boxes and punitive
measures to combat voter apathy.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew11u7I44va89pI5



Suspected Wall Street crook Madoff under house arrest

US authorities have placed Wall Street investment manager Bernard Madoff, who has been accused of a 50-billion-dollar fraud, under house arrest and required him to wear a trackable electronic tag. Madoff is under investigation for allegedly using new investors' money to pay interest to other investors. Madoff has reportedly confessed to the scheme, termed a Ponzi pyramid, which continued for ten years. The pyramid collapsed when clients demanded their money back as the global financial crisis hit. The US Securities and Exchange Commission is now examining ties between Madoff's niece and a former SEC attorney who reviewed the investment manager's business.



punitive

Line breaks: pu¦ni|tive
Pronunciation: /ˈpjuːnɪtɪv /

(also punitory /-t(ə)ri/)

ADJECTIVE

1Inflicting or intended as punishment:he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc
1.1(Of a tax or other charge) extremely high:current punitive interest rate of 31.3 per cent

Origin

early 17th century: from French punitif-ive or medieval Latin punitivus, from Latin punit- 'punished', from the verb punire (see punish).


Ponzi pyramid 老鼠會 (美國版)

crook
Informal. One who makes a living by dishonest methods.



By hook or by crook


By any means possible, in one way or another. For example, The car broke down, but I'll get there by hook or crook. This term has a disputed origin. A widely held theory is that it comes from the custom of allowing commoners to take as much wood from royal forests as they could reach with a shepherd's crook and cut down with a billhook. [1300s] Also see the synonym by any means.



growl

Line breaks: growl
Pronunciation: /ɡraʊl /


VERB

[NO OBJECT]
1(Of an animal, especially a dog) make a low gutturalsound of hostility in the throat:the dogs yapped and growled at his heels
1.1[WITH DIRECT SPEECH] (Of a person) say something in a low harsh voice, typically in a threateningmanner:Keep out of this,’ he growled
1.2Make a low or harsh rumbling sound:thunder growls without warning from a summersky

NOUN

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1A growling sound made by a hostile animal:the bulldog lumbered to her feet with a threatening growl[IN SINGULAR]: the growl of diesel engines
1.1A low, harsh sound or utterance:with a growl of fury, he tightened his grip

Origin

mid 17th century: probably imitative.

Derivatives


growlingly

ADVERB

growly

ADJECTIVE


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