2016年5月10日 星期二

karate, shiatsu, karaoke

karate, shiatsu, karaoke

karate 

Pronunciation: /kəˈrɑːti/ 

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
An oriental system of unarmed combat using the hands and feet to deliver and blockblows, widely practised as a sport.
It was formalized in Okinawa in the 17th century, and popularized via Japan after about 1920. Karate is performed barefoot in loose padded clothing, with a coloured belt indicating the level of skill, and involves mental as well as physical training

Origin

Japanese, from kara 'empty' + te 'hand'.  1955 空手道

shiatsu 

Pronunciation: /ʃɪˈatsuː/ 

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
A form of therapy of Japanese origin based on the same principles as acupuncture, in which pressure is applied to certain points on the body using the hands.
Example sentences
  • The effects of shiatsu, acupuncture, moxa, and herbal medicine are still questioned in Japan because they seem to depend upon the individual and are very difficult to replicate or to validate scientifically.
  • For example, you may wish to investigate more about various therapies, such as shiatsu, reflexology and remedial massage, and perhaps to include with these some form of counselling or personal development work.
  • Practices such as shiatsu, acupressure and acupuncture can correct imbalances by clearing blockages of qi.

Origin

Japanese, literally 'finger pressure'. 日文:指壓,1967年收入英文

karaoke 

Pronunciation: /ˌkarɪˈəʊki/ 

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
A form of entertainment, offered typically by bars and clubs, in which people take turns to sing popular songs into a microphone over pre-recorded backing tracks:[AS MODIFIER]: a karaoke barthey are holding a karaoke night

Origin

1970s: from Japanese, literally 'empty orchestra'.  1979

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